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/*
 *  linux/mm/swapfile.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994  Linus Torvalds
 *  Swap reorganised 29.12.95, Stephen Tweedie
 */

#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/shm.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>

#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/page_cgroup.h>

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(swap_lock);
static unsigned int nr_swapfiles;
long nr_swap_pages;
long total_swap_pages;
static int swap_overflow;
static int least_priority;

static const char Bad_file[] = "Bad swap file entry ";
static const char Unused_file[] = "Unused swap file entry ";
static const char Bad_offset[] = "Bad swap offset entry ";
static const char Unused_offset[] = "Unused swap offset entry ";

static struct swap_list_t swap_list = {-1, -1};

static struct swap_info_struct swap_info[MAX_SWAPFILES];

static DEFINE_MUTEX(swapon_mutex);

/* For reference count accounting in swap_map */
/* enum for swap_map[] handling. internal use only */
enum {
	SWAP_MAP = 0,	/* ops for reference from swap users */
	SWAP_CACHE,	/* ops for reference from swap cache */
};

static inline int swap_count(unsigned short ent)
{
	return ent & SWAP_COUNT_MASK;
}

static inline bool swap_has_cache(unsigned short ent)
{
	return !!(ent & SWAP_HAS_CACHE);
}

static inline unsigned short encode_swapmap(int count, bool has_cache)
{
	unsigned short ret = count;

	if (has_cache)
		return SWAP_HAS_CACHE | ret;
	return ret;
}

/* returnes 1 if swap entry is freed */
static int
__try_to_reclaim_swap(struct swap_info_struct *si, unsigned long offset)
{
	int type = si - swap_info;
	swp_entry_t entry = swp_entry(type, offset);
	struct page *page;
	int ret = 0;

	page = find_get_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);
	if (!page)
		return 0;
	/*
	 * This function is called from scan_swap_map() and it's called
	 * by vmscan.c at reclaiming pages. So, we hold a lock on a page, here.
	 * We have to use trylock for avoiding deadlock. This is a special
	 * case and you should use try_to_free_swap() with explicit lock_page()
	 * in usual operations.
	 */
	if (trylock_page(page)) {
		ret = try_to_free_swap(page);
		unlock_page(page);
	}
	page_cache_release(page);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * We need this because the bdev->unplug_fn can sleep and we cannot
 * hold swap_lock while calling the unplug_fn. And swap_lock
 * cannot be turned into a mutex.
 */
static DECLARE_RWSEM(swap_unplug_sem);

void swap_unplug_io_fn(struct backing_dev_info *unused_bdi, struct page *page)
{
	swp_entry_t entry;

	down_read(&swap_unplug_sem);
	entry.val = page_private(page);
	if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
		struct block_device *bdev = swap_info[swp_type(entry)].bdev;
		struct backing_dev_info *bdi;

		/*
		 * If the page is removed from swapcache from under us (with a
		 * racy try_to_unuse/swapoff) we need an additional reference
		 * count to avoid reading garbage from page_private(page) above.
		 * If the WARN_ON triggers during a swapoff it maybe the race
		 * condition and it's harmless. However if it triggers without
		 * swapoff it signals a problem.
		 */
		WARN_ON(page_count(page) <= 1);

		bdi = bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->backing_dev_info;
		blk_run_backing_dev(bdi, page);
	}
	up_read(&swap_unplug_sem);
}

/*
 * swapon tell device that all the old swap contents can be discarded,
 * to allow the swap device to optimize its wear-levelling.
 */
static int discard_swap(struct swap_info_struct *si)
{
	struct swap_extent *se;
	int err = 0;

	list_for_each_entry(se, &si->extent_list, list) {
		sector_t start_block = se->start_block << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9);
		sector_t nr_blocks = (sector_t)se->nr_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9);

		if (se->start_page == 0) {
			/* Do not discard the swap header page! */
			start_block += 1 << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9);
			nr_blocks -= 1 << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9);
			if (!nr_blocks)
				continue;
		}

		err = blkdev_issue_discard(si->bdev, start_block,
						nr_blocks, GFP_KERNEL,
						DISCARD_FL_BARRIER);
		if (err)
			break;

		cond_resched();
	}
	return err;		/* That will often be -EOPNOTSUPP */
}

/*
 * swap allocation tell device that a cluster of swap can now be discarded,
 * to allow the swap device to optimize its wear-levelling.
 */
static void discard_swap_cluster(struct swap_info_struct *si,
				 pgoff_t start_page, pgoff_t nr_pages)
{
	struct swap_extent *se = si->curr_swap_extent;
	int found_extent = 0;

	while (nr_pages) {
		struct list_head *lh;

		if (se->start_page <= start_page &&
		    start_page < se->start_page + se->nr_pages) {
			pgoff_t offset = start_page - se->start_page;
			sector_t start_block = se->start_block + offset;
			sector_t nr_blocks = se->nr_pages - offset;

			if (nr_blocks > nr_pages)
				nr_blocks = nr_pages;
			start_page += nr_blocks;
			nr_pages -= nr_blocks;

			if (!found_extent++)
				si->curr_swap_extent = se;

			start_block <<= PAGE_SHIFT - 9;
			nr_blocks <<= PAGE_SHIFT - 9;
			if (blkdev_issue_discard(si->bdev, start_block,
							nr_blocks, GFP_NOIO,
							DISCARD_FL_BARRIER))
				break;
		}

		lh = se->list.next;
		if (lh == &si->extent_list)
			lh = lh->next;
		se = list_entry(lh, struct swap_extent, list);
	}
}

static int wait_for_discard(void *word)
{
	schedule();
	return 0;
}

#define SWAPFILE_CLUSTER	256
#define LATENCY_LIMIT		256

static inline unsigned long scan_swap_map(struct swap_info_struct *si,
					  int cache)
{
	unsigned long offset;
	unsigned long scan_base;
	unsigned long last_in_cluster = 0;
	int latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
	int found_free_cluster = 0;

	/*
	 * We try to cluster swap pages by allocating them sequentially
	 * in swap.  Once we've allocated SWAPFILE_CLUSTER pages this
	 * way, however, we resort to first-free allocation, starting
	 * a new cluster.  This prevents us from scattering swap pages
	 * all over the entire swap partition, so that we reduce
	 * overall disk seek times between swap pages.  -- sct
	 * But we do now try to find an empty cluster.  -Andrea
	 * And we let swap pages go all over an SSD partition.  Hugh
	 */

	si->flags += SWP_SCANNING;
	scan_base = offset = si->cluster_next;

	if (unlikely(!si->cluster_nr--)) {
		if (si->pages - si->inuse_pages < SWAPFILE_CLUSTER) {
			si->cluster_nr = SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
			goto checks;
		}
		if (si->flags & SWP_DISCARDABLE) {
			/*
			 * Start range check on racing allocations, in case
			 * they overlap the cluster we eventually decide on
			 * (we scan without swap_lock to allow preemption).
			 * It's hardly conceivable that cluster_nr could be
			 * wrapped during our scan, but don't depend on it.
			 */
			if (si->lowest_alloc)
				goto checks;
			si->lowest_alloc = si->max;
			si->highest_alloc = 0;
		}
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);

		/*
		 * If seek is expensive, start searching for new cluster from
		 * start of partition, to minimize the span of allocated swap.
		 * But if seek is cheap, search from our current position, so
		 * that swap is allocated from all over the partition: if the
		 * Flash Translation Layer only remaps within limited zones,
		 * we don't want to wear out the first zone too quickly.
		 */
		if (!(si->flags & SWP_SOLIDSTATE))
			scan_base = offset = si->lowest_bit;
		last_in_cluster = offset + SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;

		/* Locate the first empty (unaligned) cluster */
		for (; last_in_cluster <= si->highest_bit; offset++) {
			if (si->swap_map[offset])
				last_in_cluster = offset + SWAPFILE_CLUSTER;
			else if (offset == last_in_cluster) {
				spin_lock(&swap_lock);
				offset -= SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
				si->cluster_next = offset;
				si->cluster_nr = SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
				found_free_cluster = 1;
				goto checks;
			}
			if (unlikely(--latency_ration < 0)) {
				cond_resched();
				latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
			}
		}

		offset = si->lowest_bit;
		last_in_cluster = offset + SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;

		/* Locate the first empty (unaligned) cluster */
		for (; last_in_cluster < scan_base; offset++) {
			if (si->swap_map[offset])
				last_in_cluster = offset + SWAPFILE_CLUSTER;
			else if (offset == last_in_cluster) {
				spin_lock(&swap_lock);
				offset -= SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
				si->cluster_next = offset;
				si->cluster_nr = SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
				found_free_cluster = 1;
				goto checks;
			}
			if (unlikely(--latency_ration < 0)) {
				cond_resched();
				latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
			}
		}

		offset = scan_base;
		spin_lock(&swap_lock);
		si->cluster_nr = SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
		si->lowest_alloc = 0;
	}

checks:
	if (!(si->flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
		goto no_page;
	if (!si->highest_bit)
		goto no_page;
	if (offset > si->highest_bit)
		scan_base = offset = si->lowest_bit;

	/* reuse swap entry of cache-only swap if not hibernation. */
	if (vm_swap_full()
		&& cache == SWAP_CACHE
		&& si->swap_map[offset] == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
		int swap_was_freed;
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
		swap_was_freed = __try_to_reclaim_swap(si, offset);
		spin_lock(&swap_lock);
		/* entry was freed successfully, try to use this again */
		if (swap_was_freed)
			goto checks;
		goto scan; /* check next one */
	}

	if (si->swap_map[offset])
		goto scan;

	if (offset == si->lowest_bit)
		si->lowest_bit++;
	if (offset == si->highest_bit)
		si->highest_bit--;
	si->inuse_pages++;
	if (si->inuse_pages == si->pages) {
		si->lowest_bit = si->max;
		si->highest_bit = 0;
	}
	if (cache == SWAP_CACHE) /* at usual swap-out via vmscan.c */
		si->swap_map[offset] = encode_swapmap(0, true);
	else /* at suspend */
		si->swap_map[offset] = encode_swapmap(1, false);
	si->cluster_next = offset + 1;
	si->flags -= SWP_SCANNING;

	if (si->lowest_alloc) {
		/*
		 * Only set when SWP_DISCARDABLE, and there's a scan
		 * for a free cluster in progress or just completed.
		 */
		if (found_free_cluster) {
			/*
			 * To optimize wear-levelling, discard the
			 * old data of the cluster, taking care not to
			 * discard any of its pages that have already
			 * been allocated by racing tasks (offset has
			 * already stepped over any at the beginning).
			 */
			if (offset < si->highest_alloc &&
			    si->lowest_alloc <= last_in_cluster)
				last_in_cluster = si->lowest_alloc - 1;
			si->flags |= SWP_DISCARDING;
			spin_unlock(&swap_lock);

			if (offset < last_in_cluster)
				discard_swap_cluster(si, offset,
					last_in_cluster - offset + 1);

			spin_lock(&swap_lock);
			si->lowest_alloc = 0;
			si->flags &= ~SWP_DISCARDING;

			smp_mb();	/* wake_up_bit advises this */
			wake_up_bit(&si->flags, ilog2(SWP_DISCARDING));

		} else if (si->flags & SWP_DISCARDING) {
			/*
			 * Delay using pages allocated by racing tasks
			 * until the whole discard has been issued. We
			 * could defer that delay until swap_writepage,
			 * but it's easier to keep this self-contained.
			 */
			spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
			wait_on_bit(&si->flags, ilog2(SWP_DISCARDING),
				wait_for_discard, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
			spin_lock(&swap_lock);
		} else {
			/*
			 * Note pages allocated by racing tasks while
			 * scan for a free cluster is in progress, so
			 * that its final discard can exclude them.
			 */
			if (offset < si->lowest_alloc)
				si->lowest_alloc = offset;
			if (offset > si->highest_alloc)
				si->highest_alloc = offset;
		}
	}
	return offset;

scan:
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	while (++offset <= si->highest_bit) {
		if (!si->swap_map[offset]) {
			spin_lock(&swap_lock);
			goto checks;
		}
		if (vm_swap_full() && si->swap_map[offset] == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
			spin_lock(&swap_lock);
			goto checks;
		}
		if (unlikely(--latency_ration < 0)) {
			cond_resched();
			latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
		}
	}
	offset = si->lowest_bit;
	while (++offset < scan_base) {
		if (!si->swap_map[offset]) {
			spin_lock(&swap_lock);
			goto checks;
		}
		if (vm_swap_full() && si->swap_map[offset] == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
			spin_lock(&swap_lock);
			goto checks;
		}
		if (unlikely(--latency_ration < 0)) {
			cond_resched();
			latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
		}
	}
	spin_lock(&swap_lock);

no_page:
	si->flags -= SWP_SCANNING;
	return 0;
}

swp_entry_t get_swap_page(void)
{
	struct swap_info_struct *si;
	pgoff_t offset;
	int type, next;
	int wrapped = 0;

	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	if (nr_swap_pages <= 0)
		goto noswap;
	nr_swap_pages--;

	for (type = swap_list.next; type >= 0 && wrapped < 2; type = next) {
		si = swap_info + type;
		next = si->next;
		if (next < 0 ||
		    (!wrapped && si->prio != swap_info[next].prio)) {
			next = swap_list.head;
			wrapped++;
		}

		if (!si->highest_bit)
			continue;
		if (!(si->flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
			continue;

		swap_list.next = next;
		/* This is called for allocating swap entry for cache */
		offset = scan_swap_map(si, SWAP_CACHE);
		if (offset) {
			spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
			return swp_entry(type, offset);
		}
		next = swap_list.next;
	}

	nr_swap_pages++;
noswap:
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	return (swp_entry_t) {0};
}

/* The only caller of this function is now susupend routine */
swp_entry_t get_swap_page_of_type(int type)
{
	struct swap_info_struct *si;
	pgoff_t offset;

	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	si = swap_info + type;
	if (si->flags & SWP_WRITEOK) {
		nr_swap_pages--;
		/* This is called for allocating swap entry, not cache */
		offset = scan_swap_map(si, SWAP_MAP);
		if (offset) {
			spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
			return swp_entry(type, offset);
		}
		nr_swap_pages++;
	}
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	return (swp_entry_t) {0};
}

static struct swap_info_struct * swap_info_get(swp_entry_t entry)
{
	struct swap_info_struct * p;
	unsigned long offset, type;

	if (!entry.val)
		goto out;
	type = swp_type(entry);
	if (type >= nr_swapfiles)
		goto bad_nofile;
	p = & swap_info[type];
	if (!(p->flags & SWP_USED))
		goto bad_device;
	offset = swp_offset(entry);
	if (offset >= p->max)
		goto bad_offset;
	if (!p->swap_map[offset])
		goto bad_free;
	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	return p;

bad_free:
	printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Unused_offset, entry.val);
	goto out;
bad_offset:
	printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Bad_offset, entry.val);
	goto out;
bad_device:
	printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Unused_file, entry.val);
	goto out;
bad_nofile:
	printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Bad_file, entry.val);
out:
	return NULL;
}

static int swap_entry_free(struct swap_info_struct *p,
			   swp_entry_t ent, int cache)
{
	unsigned long offset = swp_offset(ent);
	int count = swap_count(p->swap_map[offset]);
	bool has_cache;

	has_cache = swap_has_cache(p->swap_map[offset]);

	if (cache == SWAP_MAP) { /* dropping usage count of swap */
		if (count < SWAP_MAP_MAX) {
			count--;
			p->swap_map[offset] = encode_swapmap(count, has_cache);
		}
	} else { /* dropping swap cache flag */
		VM_BUG_ON(!has_cache);
		p->swap_map[offset] = encode_swapmap(count, false);

	}
	/* return code. */
	count = p->swap_map[offset];
	/* free if no reference */
	if (!count) {
		if (offset < p->lowest_bit)
			p->lowest_bit = offset;
		if (offset > p->highest_bit)
			p->highest_bit = offset;
		if (p->prio > swap_info[swap_list.next].prio)
			swap_list.next = p - swap_info;
		nr_swap_pages++;
		p->inuse_pages--;
	}
	if (!swap_count(count))
		mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(ent);
	return count;
}

/*
 * Caller has made sure that the swapdevice corresponding to entry
 * is still around or has not been recycled.
 */
void swap_free(swp_entry_t entry)
{
	struct swap_info_struct * p;

	p = swap_info_get(entry);
	if (p) {
		swap_entry_free(p, entry, SWAP_MAP);
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	}
}

/*
 * Called after dropping swapcache to decrease refcnt to swap entries.
 */
void swapcache_free(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
{
	struct swap_info_struct *p;
	int ret;

	p = swap_info_get(entry);
	if (p) {
		ret = swap_entry_free(p, entry, SWAP_CACHE);
		if (page) {
			bool swapout;
			if (ret)
				swapout = true; /* the end of swap out */
			else
				swapout = false; /* no more swap users! */
			mem_cgroup_uncharge_swapcache(page, entry, swapout);
		}
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	}
	return;
}

/*
 * How many references to page are currently swapped out?
 */
static inline int page_swapcount(struct page *page)
{
	int count = 0;
	struct swap_info_struct *p;
	swp_entry_t entry;

	entry.val = page_private(page);
	p = swap_info_get(entry);
	if (p) {
		count = swap_count(p->swap_map[swp_offset(entry)]);
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	}
	return count;
}

/*
 * We can write to an anon page without COW if there are no other references
 * to it.  And as a side-effect, free up its swap: because the old content
 * on disk will never be read, and seeking back there to write new content
 * later would only waste time away from clustering.
 */
int reuse_swap_page(struct page *page)
{
	int count;

	VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
	count = page_mapcount(page);
	if (count <= 1 && PageSwapCache(page)) {
		count += page_swapcount(page);
		if (count == 1 && !PageWriteback(page)) {
			delete_from_swap_cache(page);
			SetPageDirty(page);
		}
	}
	return count == 1;
}

/*
 * If swap is getting full, or if there are no more mappings of this page,
 * then try_to_free_swap is called to free its swap space.
 */
int try_to_free_swap(struct page *page)
{
	VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));

	if (!PageSwapCache(page))
		return 0;
	if (PageWriteback(page))
		return 0;
	if (page_swapcount(page))
		return 0;

	delete_from_swap_cache(page);
	SetPageDirty(page);
	return 1;
}

/*
 * Free the swap entry like above, but also try to
 * free the page cache entry if it is the last user.
 */
int free_swap_and_cache(swp_entry_t entry)
{
	struct swap_info_struct *p;
	struct page *page = NULL;

	if (non_swap_entry(entry))
		return 1;

	p = swap_info_get(entry);
	if (p) {
		if (swap_entry_free(p, entry, SWAP_MAP) == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
			page = find_get_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);
			if (page && !trylock_page(page)) {
				page_cache_release(page);
				page = NULL;
			}
		}
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	}
	if (page) {
		/*
		 * Not mapped elsewhere, or swap space full? Free it!
		 * Also recheck PageSwapCache now page is locked (above).
		 */
		if (PageSwapCache(page) && !PageWriteback(page) &&
				(!page_mapped(page) || vm_swap_full())) {
			delete_from_swap_cache(page);
			SetPageDirty(page);
		}
		unlock_page(page);
		page_cache_release(page);
	}
	return p != NULL;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION
/*
 * Find the swap type that corresponds to given device (if any).
 *
 * @offset - number of the PAGE_SIZE-sized block of the device, starting
 * from 0, in which the swap header is expected to be located.
 *
 * This is needed for the suspend to disk (aka swsusp).
 */
int swap_type_of(dev_t device, sector_t offset, struct block_device **bdev_p)
{
	struct block_device *bdev = NULL;
	int i;

	if (device)
		bdev = bdget(device);

	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++) {
		struct swap_info_struct *sis = swap_info + i;

		if (!(sis->flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
			continue;

		if (!bdev) {
			if (bdev_p)
				*bdev_p = bdgrab(sis->bdev);

			spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
			return i;
		}
		if (bdev == sis->bdev) {
			struct swap_extent *se;

			se = list_entry(sis->extent_list.next,
					struct swap_extent, list);
			if (se->start_block == offset) {
				if (bdev_p)
					*bdev_p = bdgrab(sis->bdev);

				spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
				bdput(bdev);
				return i;
			}
		}
	}
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	if (bdev)
		bdput(bdev);

	return -ENODEV;
}

/*
 * Return either the total number of swap pages of given type, or the number
 * of free pages of that type (depending on @free)
 *
 * This is needed for software suspend
 */
unsigned int count_swap_pages(int type, int free)
{
	unsigned int n = 0;

	if (type < nr_swapfiles) {
		spin_lock(&swap_lock);
		if (swap_info[type].flags & SWP_WRITEOK) {
			n = swap_info[type].pages;
			if (free)
				n -= swap_info[type].inuse_pages;
		}
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	}
	return n;
}
#endif

/*
 * No need to decide whether this PTE shares the swap entry with others,
 * just let do_wp_page work it out if a write is requested later - to
 * force COW, vm_page_prot omits write permission from any private vma.
 */
static int unuse_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
		unsigned long addr, swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *ptr = NULL;
	spinlock_t *ptl;
	pte_t *pte;
	int ret = 1;

	if (mem_cgroup_try_charge_swapin(vma->vm_mm, page, GFP_KERNEL, &ptr)) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out_nolock;
	}

	pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
	if (unlikely(!pte_same(*pte, swp_entry_to_pte(entry)))) {
		if (ret > 0)
			mem_cgroup_cancel_charge_swapin(ptr);
		ret = 0;
		goto out;
	}

	inc_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, anon_rss);
	get_page(page);
	set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, pte,
		   pte_mkold(mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot)));
	page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, addr);
	mem_cgroup_commit_charge_swapin(page, ptr);
	swap_free(entry);
	/*
	 * Move the page to the active list so it is not
	 * immediately swapped out again after swapon.
	 */
	activate_page(page);
out:
	pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
out_nolock:
	return ret;
}

static int unuse_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
				unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
				swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
{
	pte_t swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry);
	pte_t *pte;
	int ret = 0;

	/*
	 * We don't actually need pte lock while scanning for swp_pte: since
	 * we hold page lock and mmap_sem, swp_pte cannot be inserted into the
	 * page table while we're scanning; though it could get zapped, and on
	 * some architectures (e.g. x86_32 with PAE) we might catch a glimpse
	 * of unmatched parts which look like swp_pte, so unuse_pte must
	 * recheck under pte lock.  Scanning without pte lock lets it be
	 * preemptible whenever CONFIG_PREEMPT but not CONFIG_HIGHPTE.
	 */
	pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
	do {
		/*
		 * swapoff spends a _lot_ of time in this loop!
		 * Test inline before going to call unuse_pte.
		 */
		if (unlikely(pte_same(*pte, swp_pte))) {
			pte_unmap(pte);
			ret = unuse_pte(vma, pmd, addr, entry, page);
			if (ret)
				goto out;
			pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
		}
	} while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
	pte_unmap(pte - 1);
out:
	return ret;
}

static inline int unuse_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud,
				unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
				swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
{
	pmd_t *pmd;
	unsigned long next;
	int ret;

	pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
	do {
		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
		if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd))
			continue;
		ret = unuse_pte_range(vma, pmd, addr, next, entry, page);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	} while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
	return 0;
}

static inline int unuse_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd,
				unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
				swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
{
	pud_t *pud;
	unsigned long next;
	int ret;

	pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
	do {
		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
		if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud))
			continue;
		ret = unuse_pmd_range(vma, pud, addr, next, entry, page);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	} while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
	return 0;
}

static int unuse_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
				swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
{
	pgd_t *pgd;
	unsigned long addr, end, next;
	int ret;

	if (page->mapping) {
		addr = page_address_in_vma(page, vma);
		if (addr == -EFAULT)
			return 0;
		else
			end = addr + PAGE_SIZE;
	} else {
		addr = vma->vm_start;
		end = vma->vm_end;
	}

	pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr);
	do {
		next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
		if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd))
			continue;
		ret = unuse_pud_range(vma, pgd, addr, next, entry, page);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	} while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
	return 0;
}

static int unuse_mm(struct mm_struct *mm,
				swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
	int ret = 0;

	if (!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
		/*
		 * Activate page so shrink_inactive_list is unlikely to unmap
		 * its ptes while lock is dropped, so swapoff can make progress.
		 */
		activate_page(page);
		unlock_page(page);
		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
		lock_page(page);
	}
	for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
		if (vma->anon_vma && (ret = unuse_vma(vma, entry, page)))
			break;
	}
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	return (ret < 0)? ret: 0;
}

/*
 * Scan swap_map from current position to next entry still in use.
 * Recycle to start on reaching the end, returning 0 when empty.
 */
static unsigned int find_next_to_unuse(struct swap_info_struct *si,
					unsigned int prev)
{
	unsigned int max = si->max;
	unsigned int i = prev;
	int count;

	/*
	 * No need for swap_lock here: we're just looking
	 * for whether an entry is in use, not modifying it; false
	 * hits are okay, and sys_swapoff() has already prevented new
	 * allocations from this area (while holding swap_lock).
	 */
	for (;;) {
		if (++i >= max) {
			if (!prev) {
				i = 0;
				break;
			}
			/*
			 * No entries in use at top of swap_map,
			 * loop back to start and recheck there.
			 */
			max = prev + 1;
			prev = 0;
			i = 1;
		}
		count = si->swap_map[i];
		if (count && swap_count(count) != SWAP_MAP_BAD)
			break;
	}
	return i;
}

/*
 * We completely avoid races by reading each swap page in advance,
 * and then search for the process using it.  All the necessary
 * page table adjustments can then be made atomically.
 */
static int try_to_unuse(unsigned int type)
{
	struct swap_info_struct * si = &swap_info[type];
	struct mm_struct *start_mm;
	unsigned short *swap_map;
	unsigned short swcount;
	struct page *page;
	swp_entry_t entry;
	unsigned int i = 0;
	int retval = 0;
	int reset_overflow = 0;
	int shmem;

	/*
	 * When searching mms for an entry, a good strategy is to
	 * start at the first mm we freed the previous entry from
	 * (though actually we don't notice whether we or coincidence
	 * freed the entry).  Initialize this start_mm with a hold.
	 *
	 * A simpler strategy would be to start at the last mm we
	 * freed the previous entry from; but that would take less
	 * advantage of mmlist ordering, which clusters forked mms
	 * together, child after parent.  If we race with dup_mmap(), we
	 * prefer to resolve parent before child, lest we miss entries
	 * duplicated after we scanned child: using last mm would invert
	 * that.  Though it's only a serious concern when an overflowed
	 * swap count is reset from SWAP_MAP_MAX, preventing a rescan.
	 */
	start_mm = &init_mm;
	atomic_inc(&init_mm.mm_users);

	/*
	 * Keep on scanning until all entries have gone.  Usually,
	 * one pass through swap_map is enough, but not necessarily:
	 * there are races when an instance of an entry might be missed.
	 */
	while ((i = find_next_to_unuse(si, i)) != 0) {
		if (signal_pending(current)) {
			retval = -EINTR;
			break;
		}

		/*
		 * Get a page for the entry, using the existing swap
		 * cache page if there is one.  Otherwise, get a clean
		 * page and read the swap into it.
		 */
		swap_map = &si->swap_map[i];
		entry = swp_entry(type, i);
		page = read_swap_cache_async(entry,
					GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, NULL, 0);
		if (!page) {
			/*
			 * Either swap_duplicate() failed because entry
			 * has been freed independently, and will not be
			 * reused since sys_swapoff() already disabled
			 * allocation from here, or alloc_page() failed.
			 */
			if (!*swap_map)
				continue;
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}

		/*
		 * Don't hold on to start_mm if it looks like exiting.
		 */
		if (atomic_read(&start_mm->mm_users) == 1) {
			mmput(start_mm);
			start_mm = &init_mm;
			atomic_inc(&init_mm.mm_users);
		}

		/*
		 * Wait for and lock page.  When do_swap_page races with
		 * try_to_unuse, do_swap_page can handle the fault much
		 * faster than try_to_unuse can locate the entry.  This
		 * apparently redundant "wait_on_page_locked" lets try_to_unuse
		 * defer to do_swap_page in such a case - in some tests,
		 * do_swap_page and try_to_unuse repeatedly compete.
		 */
		wait_on_page_locked(page);
		wait_on_page_writeback(page);
		lock_page(page);
		wait_on_page_writeback(page);

		/*
		 * Remove all references to entry.
		 * Whenever we reach init_mm, there's no address space
		 * to search, but use it as a reminder to search shmem.
		 */
		shmem = 0;
		swcount = *swap_map;
		if (swap_count(swcount)) {
			if (start_mm == &init_mm)
				shmem = shmem_unuse(entry, page);
			else
				retval = unuse_mm(start_mm, entry, page);
		}
		if (swap_count(*swap_map)) {
			int set_start_mm = (*swap_map >= swcount);
			struct list_head *p = &start_mm->mmlist;
			struct mm_struct *new_start_mm = start_mm;
			struct mm_struct *prev_mm = start_mm;
			struct mm_struct *mm;

			atomic_inc(&new_start_mm->mm_users);
			atomic_inc(&prev_mm->mm_users);
			spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
			while (swap_count(*swap_map) && !retval && !shmem &&
					(p = p->next) != &start_mm->mmlist) {
				mm = list_entry(p, struct mm_struct, mmlist);
				if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&mm->mm_users))
					continue;
				spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
				mmput(prev_mm);
				prev_mm = mm;

				cond_resched();

				swcount = *swap_map;
				if (!swap_count(swcount)) /* any usage ? */
					;
				else if (mm == &init_mm) {
					set_start_mm = 1;
					shmem = shmem_unuse(entry, page);
				} else
					retval = unuse_mm(mm, entry, page);

				if (set_start_mm && *swap_map < swcount) {
					mmput(new_start_mm);
					atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users);
					new_start_mm = mm;
					set_start_mm = 0;
				}
				spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
			}
			spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
			mmput(prev_mm);
			mmput(start_mm);
			start_mm = new_start_mm;
		}
		if (shmem) {
			/* page has already been unlocked and released */
			if (shmem > 0)
				continue;
			retval = shmem;
			break;
		}
		if (retval) {
			unlock_page(page);
			page_cache_release(page);
			break;
		}

		/*
		 * How could swap count reach 0x7ffe ?
		 * There's no way to repeat a swap page within an mm
		 * (except in shmem, where it's the shared object which takes
		 * the reference count)?
		 * We believe SWAP_MAP_MAX cannot occur.(if occur, unsigned
		 * short is too small....)
		 * If that's wrong, then we should worry more about
		 * exit_mmap() and do_munmap() cases described above:
		 * we might be resetting SWAP_MAP_MAX too early here.
		 * We know "Undead"s can happen, they're okay, so don't
		 * report them; but do report if we reset SWAP_MAP_MAX.
		 */
		/* We might release the lock_page() in unuse_mm(). */
		if (!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)
			goto retry;

		if (swap_count(*swap_map) == SWAP_MAP_MAX) {
			spin_lock(&swap_lock);
			*swap_map = encode_swapmap(0, true);
			spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
			reset_overflow = 1;
		}

		/*
		 * If a reference remains (rare), we would like to leave
		 * the page in the swap cache; but try_to_unmap could
		 * then re-duplicate the entry once we drop page lock,
		 * so we might loop indefinitely; also, that page could
		 * not be swapped out to other storage meanwhile.  So:
		 * delete from cache even if there's another reference,
		 * after ensuring that the data has been saved to disk -
		 * since if the reference remains (rarer), it will be
		 * read from disk into another page.  Splitting into two
		 * pages would be incorrect if swap supported "shared
		 * private" pages, but they are handled by tmpfs files.
		 */
		if (swap_count(*swap_map) &&
		     PageDirty(page) && PageSwapCache(page)) {
			struct writeback_control wbc = {
				.sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
			};

			swap_writepage(page, &wbc);
			lock_page(page);
			wait_on_page_writeback(page);
		}

		/*
		 * It is conceivable that a racing task removed this page from
		 * swap cache just before we acquired the page lock at the top,
		 * or while we dropped it in unuse_mm().  The page might even
		 * be back in swap cache on another swap area: that we must not
		 * delete, since it may not have been written out to swap yet.
		 */
		if (PageSwapCache(page) &&
		    likely(page_private(page) == entry.val))
			delete_from_swap_cache(page);

		/*
		 * So we could skip searching mms once swap count went
		 * to 1, we did not mark any present ptes as dirty: must
		 * mark page dirty so shrink_page_list will preserve it.
		 */
		SetPageDirty(page);
retry:
		unlock_page(page);
		page_cache_release(page);

		/*
		 * Make sure that we aren't completely killing
		 * interactive performance.
		 */
		cond_resched();
	}

	mmput(start_mm);
	if (reset_overflow) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "swapoff: cleared swap entry overflow\n");
		swap_overflow = 0;
	}
	return retval;
}

/*
 * After a successful try_to_unuse, if no swap is now in use, we know
 * we can empty the mmlist.  swap_lock must be held on entry and exit.
 * Note that mmlist_lock nests inside swap_lock, and an mm must be
 * added to the mmlist just after page_duplicate - before would be racy.
 */
static void drain_mmlist(void)
{
	struct list_head *p, *next;
	unsigned int i;

	for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++)
		if (swap_info[i].inuse_pages)
			return;
	spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
	list_for_each_safe(p, next, &init_mm.mmlist)
		list_del_init(p);
	spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
}

/*
 * Use this swapdev's extent info to locate the (PAGE_SIZE) block which
 * corresponds to page offset `offset'.
 */
sector_t map_swap_page(struct swap_info_struct *sis, pgoff_t offset)
{
	struct swap_extent *se = sis->curr_swap_extent;
	struct swap_extent *start_se = se;

	for ( ; ; ) {
		struct list_head *lh;

		if (se->start_page <= offset &&
				offset < (se->start_page + se->nr_pages)) {
			return se->start_block + (offset - se->start_page);
		}
		lh = se->list.next;
		if (lh == &sis->extent_list)
			lh = lh->next;
		se = list_entry(lh, struct swap_extent, list);
		sis->curr_swap_extent = se;
		BUG_ON(se == start_se);		/* It *must* be present */
	}
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION
/*
 * Get the (PAGE_SIZE) block corresponding to given offset on the swapdev
 * corresponding to given index in swap_info (swap type).
 */
sector_t swapdev_block(int swap_type, pgoff_t offset)
{
	struct swap_info_struct *sis;

	if (swap_type >= nr_swapfiles)
		return 0;

	sis = swap_info + swap_type;
	return (sis->flags & SWP_WRITEOK) ? map_swap_page(sis, offset) : 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */

/*
 * Free all of a swapdev's extent information
 */
static void destroy_swap_extents(struct swap_info_struct *sis)
{
	while (!list_empty(&sis->extent_list)) {
		struct swap_extent *se;

		se = list_entry(sis->extent_list.next,
				struct swap_extent, list);
		list_del(&se->list);
		kfree(se);
	}
}

/*
 * Add a block range (and the corresponding page range) into this swapdev's
 * extent list.  The extent list is kept sorted in page order.
 *
 * This function rather assumes that it is called in ascending page order.
 */
static int
add_swap_extent(struct swap_info_struct *sis, unsigned long start_page,
		unsigned long nr_pages, sector_t start_block)
{
	struct swap_extent *se;
	struct swap_extent *new_se;
	struct list_head *lh;

	lh = sis->extent_list.prev;	/* The highest page extent */
	if (lh != &sis->extent_list) {
		se = list_entry(lh, struct swap_extent, list);
		BUG_ON(se->start_page + se->nr_pages != start_page);
		if (se->start_block + se->nr_pages == start_block) {
			/* Merge it */
			se->nr_pages += nr_pages;
			return 0;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * No merge.  Insert a new extent, preserving ordering.
	 */
	new_se = kmalloc(sizeof(*se), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (new_se == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;
	new_se->start_page = start_page;
	new_se->nr_pages = nr_pages;
	new_se->start_block = start_block;

	list_add_tail(&new_se->list, &sis->extent_list);
	return 1;
}

/*
 * A `swap extent' is a simple thing which maps a contiguous range of pages
 * onto a contiguous range of disk blocks.  An ordered list of swap extents
 * is built at swapon time and is then used at swap_writepage/swap_readpage
 * time for locating where on disk a page belongs.
 *
 * If the swapfile is an S_ISBLK block device, a single extent is installed.
 * This is done so that the main operating code can treat S_ISBLK and S_ISREG
 * swap files identically.
 *
 * Whether the swapdev is an S_ISREG file or an S_ISBLK blockdev, the swap
 * extent list operates in PAGE_SIZE disk blocks.  Both S_ISREG and S_ISBLK
 * swapfiles are handled *identically* after swapon time.
 *
 * For S_ISREG swapfiles, setup_swap_extents() will walk all the file's blocks
 * and will parse them into an ordered extent list, in PAGE_SIZE chunks.  If
 * some stray blocks are found which do not fall within the PAGE_SIZE alignment
 * requirements, they are simply tossed out - we will never use those blocks
 * for swapping.
 *
 * For S_ISREG swapfiles we set S_SWAPFILE across the life of the swapon.  This
 * prevents root from shooting her foot off by ftruncating an in-use swapfile,
 * which will scribble on the fs.
 *
 * The amount of disk space which a single swap extent represents varies.
 * Typically it is in the 1-4 megabyte range.  So we can have hundreds of
 * extents in the list.  To avoid much list walking, we cache the previous
 * search location in `curr_swap_extent', and start new searches from there.
 * This is extremely effective.  The average number of iterations in
 * map_swap_page() has been measured at about 0.3 per page.  - akpm.
 */
static int setup_swap_extents(struct swap_info_struct *sis, sector_t *span)
{
	struct inode *inode;
	unsigned blocks_per_page;
	unsigned long page_no;
	unsigned blkbits;
	sector_t probe_block;
	sector_t last_block;
	sector_t lowest_block = -1;
	sector_t highest_block = 0;
	int nr_extents = 0;
	int ret;

	inode = sis->swap_file->f_mapping->host;
	if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
		ret = add_swap_extent(sis, 0, sis->max, 0);
		*span = sis->pages;
		goto done;
	}

	blkbits = inode->i_blkbits;
	blocks_per_page = PAGE_SIZE >> blkbits;

	/*
	 * Map all the blocks into the extent list.  This code doesn't try
	 * to be very smart.
	 */
	probe_block = 0;
	page_no = 0;
	last_block = i_size_read(inode) >> blkbits;
	while ((probe_block + blocks_per_page) <= last_block &&
			page_no < sis->max) {
		unsigned block_in_page;
		sector_t first_block;

		first_block = bmap(inode, probe_block);
		if (first_block == 0)
			goto bad_bmap;

		/*
		 * It must be PAGE_SIZE aligned on-disk
		 */
		if (first_block & (blocks_per_page - 1)) {
			probe_block++;
			goto reprobe;
		}

		for (block_in_page = 1; block_in_page < blocks_per_page;
					block_in_page++) {
			sector_t block;

			block = bmap(inode, probe_block + block_in_page);
			if (block == 0)
				goto bad_bmap;
			if (block != first_block + block_in_page) {
				/* Discontiguity */
				probe_block++;
				goto reprobe;
			}
		}

		first_block >>= (PAGE_SHIFT - blkbits);
		if (page_no) {	/* exclude the header page */
			if (first_block < lowest_block)
				lowest_block = first_block;
			if (first_block > highest_block)
				highest_block = first_block;
		}

		/*
		 * We found a PAGE_SIZE-length, PAGE_SIZE-aligned run of blocks
		 */
		ret = add_swap_extent(sis, page_no, 1, first_block);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto out;
		nr_extents += ret;
		page_no++;
		probe_block += blocks_per_page;
reprobe:
		continue;
	}
	ret = nr_extents;
	*span = 1 + highest_block - lowest_block;
	if (page_no == 0)
		page_no = 1;	/* force Empty message */
	sis->max = page_no;
	sis->pages = page_no - 1;
	sis->highest_bit = page_no - 1;
done:
	sis->curr_swap_extent = list_entry(sis->extent_list.prev,
					struct swap_extent, list);
	goto out;
bad_bmap:
	printk(KERN_ERR "swapon: swapfile has holes\n");
	ret = -EINVAL;
out:
	return ret;
}

SYSCALL_DEFINE1(swapoff, const char __user *, specialfile)
{
	struct swap_info_struct * p = NULL;
	unsigned short *swap_map;
	struct file *swap_file, *victim;
	struct address_space *mapping;
	struct inode *inode;
	char * pathname;
	int i, type, prev;
	int err;

	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;

	pathname = getname(specialfile);
	err = PTR_ERR(pathname);
	if (IS_ERR(pathname))
		goto out;

	victim = filp_open(pathname, O_RDWR|O_LARGEFILE, 0);
	putname(pathname);
	err = PTR_ERR(victim);
	if (IS_ERR(victim))
		goto out;

	mapping = victim->f_mapping;
	prev = -1;
	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	for (type = swap_list.head; type >= 0; type = swap_info[type].next) {
		p = swap_info + type;
		if (p->flags & SWP_WRITEOK) {
			if (p->swap_file->f_mapping == mapping)
				break;
		}
		prev = type;
	}
	if (type < 0) {
		err = -EINVAL;
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
		goto out_dput;
	}
	if (!security_vm_enough_memory(p->pages))
		vm_unacct_memory(p->pages);
	else {
		err = -ENOMEM;
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
		goto out_dput;
	}
	if (prev < 0) {
		swap_list.head = p->next;
	} else {
		swap_info[prev].next = p->next;
	}
	if (type == swap_list.next) {
		/* just pick something that's safe... */
		swap_list.next = swap_list.head;
	}
	if (p->prio < 0) {
		for (i = p->next; i >= 0; i = swap_info[i].next)
			swap_info[i].prio = p->prio--;
		least_priority++;
	}
	nr_swap_pages -= p->pages;
	total_swap_pages -= p->pages;
	p->flags &= ~SWP_WRITEOK;
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);

	current->flags |= PF_OOM_ORIGIN;
	err = try_to_unuse(type);
	current->flags &= ~PF_OOM_ORIGIN;

	if (err) {
		/* re-insert swap space back into swap_list */
		spin_lock(&swap_lock);
		if (p->prio < 0)
			p->prio = --least_priority;
		prev = -1;
		for (i = swap_list.head; i >= 0; i = swap_info[i].next) {
			if (p->prio >= swap_info[i].prio)
				break;
			prev = i;
		}
		p->next = i;
		if (prev < 0)
			swap_list.head = swap_list.next = p - swap_info;
		else
			swap_info[prev].next = p - swap_info;
		nr_swap_pages += p->pages;
		total_swap_pages += p->pages;
		p->flags |= SWP_WRITEOK;
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
		goto out_dput;
	}

	/* wait for any unplug function to finish */
	down_write(&swap_unplug_sem);
	up_write(&swap_unplug_sem);

	destroy_swap_extents(p);
	mutex_lock(&swapon_mutex);
	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	drain_mmlist();

	/* wait for anyone still in scan_swap_map */
	p->highest_bit = 0;		/* cuts scans short */
	while (p->flags >= SWP_SCANNING) {
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
		spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	}

	swap_file = p->swap_file;
	p->swap_file = NULL;
	p->max = 0;
	swap_map = p->swap_map;
	p->swap_map = NULL;
	p->flags = 0;
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	mutex_unlock(&swapon_mutex);
	vfree(swap_map);
	/* Destroy swap account informatin */
	swap_cgroup_swapoff(type);

	inode = mapping->host;
	if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
		struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
		set_blocksize(bdev, p->old_block_size);
		bd_release(bdev);
	} else {
		mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
		inode->i_flags &= ~S_SWAPFILE;
		mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
	}
	filp_close(swap_file, NULL);
	err = 0;

out_dput:
	filp_close(victim, NULL);
out:
	return err;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
/* iterator */
static void *swap_start(struct seq_file *swap, loff_t *pos)
{
	struct swap_info_struct *ptr = swap_info;
	int i;
	loff_t l = *pos;

	mutex_lock(&swapon_mutex);

	if (!l)
		return SEQ_START_TOKEN;

	for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++, ptr++) {
		if (!(ptr->flags & SWP_USED) || !ptr->swap_map)
			continue;
		if (!--l)
			return ptr;
	}

	return NULL;
}

static void *swap_next(struct seq_file *swap, void *v, loff_t *pos)
{
	struct swap_info_struct *ptr;
	struct swap_info_struct *endptr = swap_info + nr_swapfiles;

	if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN)
		ptr = swap_info;
	else {
		ptr = v;
		ptr++;
	}

	for (; ptr < endptr; ptr++) {
		if (!(ptr->flags & SWP_USED) || !ptr->swap_map)
			continue;
		++*pos;
		return ptr;
	}

	return NULL;
}

static void swap_stop(struct seq_file *swap, void *v)
{
	mutex_unlock(&swapon_mutex);
}

static int swap_show(struct seq_file *swap, void *v)
{
	struct swap_info_struct *ptr = v;
	struct file *file;
	int len;

	if (ptr == SEQ_START_TOKEN) {
		seq_puts(swap,"Filename\t\t\t\tType\t\tSize\tUsed\tPriority\n");
		return 0;
	}

	file = ptr->swap_file;
	len = seq_path(swap, &file->f_path, " \t\n\\");
	seq_printf(swap, "%*s%s\t%u\t%u\t%d\n",
			len < 40 ? 40 - len : 1, " ",
			S_ISBLK(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_mode) ?
				"partition" : "file\t",
			ptr->pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
			ptr->inuse_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
			ptr->prio);
	return 0;
}

static const struct seq_operations swaps_op = {
	.start =	swap_start,
	.next =		swap_next,
	.stop =		swap_stop,
	.show =		swap_show
};

static int swaps_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	return seq_open(file, &swaps_op);
}

static const struct file_operations proc_swaps_operations = {
	.open		= swaps_open,
	.read		= seq_read,
	.llseek		= seq_lseek,
	.release	= seq_release,
};

static int __init procswaps_init(void)
{
	proc_create("swaps", 0, NULL, &proc_swaps_operations);
	return 0;
}
__initcall(procswaps_init);
#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */

#ifdef MAX_SWAPFILES_CHECK
static int __init max_swapfiles_check(void)
{
	MAX_SWAPFILES_CHECK();
	return 0;
}
late_initcall(max_swapfiles_check);
#endif

/*
 * Written 01/25/92 by Simmule Turner, heavily changed by Linus.
 *
 * The swapon system call
 */
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(swapon, const char __user *, specialfile, int, swap_flags)
{
	struct swap_info_struct * p;
	char *name = NULL;
	struct block_device *bdev = NULL;
	struct file *swap_file = NULL;
	struct address_space *mapping;
	unsigned int type;
	int i, prev;
	int error;
	union swap_header *swap_header = NULL;
	unsigned int nr_good_pages = 0;
	int nr_extents = 0;
	sector_t span;
	unsigned long maxpages = 1;
	unsigned long swapfilepages;
	unsigned short *swap_map = NULL;
	struct page *page = NULL;
	struct inode *inode = NULL;
	int did_down = 0;

	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;
	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	p = swap_info;
	for (type = 0 ; type < nr_swapfiles ; type++,p++)
		if (!(p->flags & SWP_USED))
			break;
	error = -EPERM;
	if (type >= MAX_SWAPFILES) {
		spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
		goto out;
	}
	if (type >= nr_swapfiles)
		nr_swapfiles = type+1;
	memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->extent_list);
	p->flags = SWP_USED;
	p->next = -1;
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	name = getname(specialfile);
	error = PTR_ERR(name);
	if (IS_ERR(name)) {
		name = NULL;
		goto bad_swap_2;
	}
	swap_file = filp_open(name, O_RDWR|O_LARGEFILE, 0);
	error = PTR_ERR(swap_file);
	if (IS_ERR(swap_file)) {
		swap_file = NULL;
		goto bad_swap_2;
	}

	p->swap_file = swap_file;
	mapping = swap_file->f_mapping;
	inode = mapping->host;

	error = -EBUSY;
	for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++) {
		struct swap_info_struct *q = &swap_info[i];

		if (i == type || !q->swap_file)
			continue;
		if (mapping == q->swap_file->f_mapping)
			goto bad_swap;
	}

	error = -EINVAL;
	if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
		bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
		error = bd_claim(bdev, sys_swapon);
		if (error < 0) {
			bdev = NULL;
			error = -EINVAL;
			goto bad_swap;
		}
		p->old_block_size = block_size(bdev);
		error = set_blocksize(bdev, PAGE_SIZE);
		if (error < 0)
			goto bad_swap;
		p->bdev = bdev;
	} else if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) {
		p->bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev;
		mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
		did_down = 1;
		if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) {
			error = -EBUSY;
			goto bad_swap;
		}
	} else {
		goto bad_swap;
	}

	swapfilepages = i_size_read(inode) >> PAGE_SHIFT;

	/*
	 * Read the swap header.
	 */
	if (!mapping->a_ops->readpage) {
		error = -EINVAL;
		goto bad_swap;
	}
	page = read_mapping_page(mapping, 0, swap_file);
	if (IS_ERR(page)) {
		error = PTR_ERR(page);
		goto bad_swap;
	}
	swap_header = kmap(page);

	if (memcmp("SWAPSPACE2", swap_header->magic.magic, 10)) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to find swap-space signature\n");
		error = -EINVAL;
		goto bad_swap;
	}

	/* swap partition endianess hack... */
	if (swab32(swap_header->info.version) == 1) {
		swab32s(&swap_header->info.version);
		swab32s(&swap_header->info.last_page);
		swab32s(&swap_header->info.nr_badpages);
		for (i = 0; i < swap_header->info.nr_badpages; i++)
			swab32s(&swap_header->info.badpages[i]);
	}
	/* Check the swap header's sub-version */
	if (swap_header->info.version != 1) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING
		       "Unable to handle swap header version %d\n",
		       swap_header->info.version);
		error = -EINVAL;
		goto bad_swap;
	}

	p->lowest_bit  = 1;
	p->cluster_next = 1;

	/*
	 * Find out how many pages are allowed for a single swap
	 * device. There are two limiting factors: 1) the number of
	 * bits for the swap offset in the swp_entry_t type and
	 * 2) the number of bits in the a swap pte as defined by
	 * the different architectures. In order to find the
	 * largest possible bit mask a swap entry with swap type 0
	 * and swap offset ~0UL is created, encoded to a swap pte,
	 * decoded to a swp_entry_t again and finally the swap
	 * offset is extracted. This will mask all the bits from
	 * the initial ~0UL mask that can't be encoded in either
	 * the swp_entry_t or the architecture definition of a
	 * swap pte.
	 */
	maxpages = swp_offset(pte_to_swp_entry(
			swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry(0, ~0UL)))) - 1;
	if (maxpages > swap_header->info.last_page)
		maxpages = swap_header->info.last_page;
	p->highest_bit = maxpages - 1;

	error = -EINVAL;
	if (!maxpages)
		goto bad_swap;
	if (swapfilepages && maxpages > swapfilepages) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING
		       "Swap area shorter than signature indicates\n");
		goto bad_swap;
	}
	if (swap_header->info.nr_badpages && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
		goto bad_swap;
	if (swap_header->info.nr_badpages > MAX_SWAP_BADPAGES)
		goto bad_swap;

	/* OK, set up the swap map and apply the bad block list */
	swap_map = vmalloc(maxpages * sizeof(short));
	if (!swap_map) {
		error = -ENOMEM;
		goto bad_swap;
	}

	memset(swap_map, 0, maxpages * sizeof(short));
	for (i = 0; i < swap_header->info.nr_badpages; i++) {
		int page_nr = swap_header->info.badpages[i];
		if (page_nr <= 0 || page_nr >= swap_header->info.last_page) {
			error = -EINVAL;
			goto bad_swap;
		}
		swap_map[page_nr] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
	}

	error = swap_cgroup_swapon(type, maxpages);
	if (error)
		goto bad_swap;

	nr_good_pages = swap_header->info.last_page -
			swap_header->info.nr_badpages -
			1 /* header page */;

	if (nr_good_pages) {
		swap_map[0] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
		p->max = maxpages;
		p->pages = nr_good_pages;
		nr_extents = setup_swap_extents(p, &span);
		if (nr_extents < 0) {
			error = nr_extents;
			goto bad_swap;
		}
		nr_good_pages = p->pages;
	}
	if (!nr_good_pages) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "Empty swap-file\n");
		error = -EINVAL;
		goto bad_swap;
	}

	if (p->bdev) {
		if (blk_queue_nonrot(bdev_get_queue(p->bdev))) {
			p->flags |= SWP_SOLIDSTATE;
			p->cluster_next = 1 + (random32() % p->highest_bit);
		}
		if (discard_swap(p) == 0)
			p->flags |= SWP_DISCARDABLE;
	}

	mutex_lock(&swapon_mutex);
	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	if (swap_flags & SWAP_FLAG_PREFER)
		p->prio =
		  (swap_flags & SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK) >> SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_SHIFT;
	else
		p->prio = --least_priority;
	p->swap_map = swap_map;
	p->flags |= SWP_WRITEOK;
	nr_swap_pages += nr_good_pages;
	total_swap_pages += nr_good_pages;

	printk(KERN_INFO "Adding %uk swap on %s.  "
			"Priority:%d extents:%d across:%lluk %s%s\n",
		nr_good_pages<<(PAGE_SHIFT-10), name, p->prio,
		nr_extents, (unsigned long long)span<<(PAGE_SHIFT-10),
		(p->flags & SWP_SOLIDSTATE) ? "SS" : "",
		(p->flags & SWP_DISCARDABLE) ? "D" : "");

	/* insert swap space into swap_list: */
	prev = -1;
	for (i = swap_list.head; i >= 0; i = swap_info[i].next) {
		if (p->prio >= swap_info[i].prio) {
			break;
		}
		prev = i;
	}
	p->next = i;
	if (prev < 0) {
		swap_list.head = swap_list.next = p - swap_info;
	} else {
		swap_info[prev].next = p - swap_info;
	}
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	mutex_unlock(&swapon_mutex);
	error = 0;
	goto out;
bad_swap:
	if (bdev) {
		set_blocksize(bdev, p->old_block_size);
		bd_release(bdev);
	}
	destroy_swap_extents(p);
	swap_cgroup_swapoff(type);
bad_swap_2:
	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	p->swap_file = NULL;
	p->flags = 0;
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
	vfree(swap_map);
	if (swap_file)
		filp_close(swap_file, NULL);
out:
	if (page && !IS_ERR(page)) {
		kunmap(page);
		page_cache_release(page);
	}
	if (name)
		putname(name);
	if (did_down) {
		if (!error)
			inode->i_flags |= S_SWAPFILE;
		mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
	}
	return error;
}

void si_swapinfo(struct sysinfo *val)
{
	unsigned int i;
	unsigned long nr_to_be_unused = 0;

	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++) {
		if (!(swap_info[i].flags & SWP_USED) ||
		     (swap_info[i].flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
			continue;
		nr_to_be_unused += swap_info[i].inuse_pages;
	}
	val->freeswap = nr_swap_pages + nr_to_be_unused;
	val->totalswap = total_swap_pages + nr_to_be_unused;
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
}

/*
 * Verify that a swap entry is valid and increment its swap map count.
 *
 * Note: if swap_map[] reaches SWAP_MAP_MAX the entries are treated as
 * "permanent", but will be reclaimed by the next swapoff.
 * Returns error code in following case.
 * - success -> 0
 * - swp_entry is invalid -> EINVAL
 * - swp_entry is migration entry -> EINVAL
 * - swap-cache reference is requested but there is already one. -> EEXIST
 * - swap-cache reference is requested but the entry is not used. -> ENOENT
 */
static int __swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t entry, bool cache)
{
	struct swap_info_struct * p;
	unsigned long offset, type;
	int result = -EINVAL;
	int count;
	bool has_cache;

	if (non_swap_entry(entry))
		return -EINVAL;

	type = swp_type(entry);
	if (type >= nr_swapfiles)
		goto bad_file;
	p = type + swap_info;
	offset = swp_offset(entry);

	spin_lock(&swap_lock);

	if (unlikely(offset >= p->max))
		goto unlock_out;

	count = swap_count(p->swap_map[offset]);
	has_cache = swap_has_cache(p->swap_map[offset]);

	if (cache == SWAP_CACHE) { /* called for swapcache/swapin-readahead */

		/* set SWAP_HAS_CACHE if there is no cache and entry is used */
		if (!has_cache && count) {
			p->swap_map[offset] = encode_swapmap(count, true);
			result = 0;
		} else if (has_cache) /* someone added cache */
			result = -EEXIST;
		else if (!count) /* no users */
			result = -ENOENT;

	} else if (count || has_cache) {
		if (count < SWAP_MAP_MAX - 1) {
			p->swap_map[offset] = encode_swapmap(count + 1,
							     has_cache);
			result = 0;
		} else if (count <= SWAP_MAP_MAX) {
			if (swap_overflow++ < 5)
				printk(KERN_WARNING
				       "swap_dup: swap entry overflow\n");
			p->swap_map[offset] = encode_swapmap(SWAP_MAP_MAX,
							      has_cache);
			result = 0;
		}
	} else
		result = -ENOENT; /* unused swap entry */
unlock_out:
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
out:
	return result;

bad_file:
	printk(KERN_ERR "swap_dup: %s%08lx\n", Bad_file, entry.val);
	goto out;
}
/*
 * increase reference count of swap entry by 1.
 */
void swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t entry)
{
	__swap_duplicate(entry, SWAP_MAP);
}

/*
 * @entry: swap entry for which we allocate swap cache.
 *
 * Called when allocating swap cache for exising swap entry,
 * This can return error codes. Returns 0 at success.
 * -EBUSY means there is a swap cache.
 * Note: return code is different from swap_duplicate().
 */
int swapcache_prepare(swp_entry_t entry)
{
	return __swap_duplicate(entry, SWAP_CACHE);
}


struct swap_info_struct *
get_swap_info_struct(unsigned type)
{
	return &swap_info[type];
}

/*
 * swap_lock prevents swap_map being freed. Don't grab an extra
 * reference on the swaphandle, it doesn't matter if it becomes unused.
 */
int valid_swaphandles(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned long *offset)
{
	struct swap_info_struct *si;
	int our_page_cluster = page_cluster;
	pgoff_t target, toff;
	pgoff_t base, end;
	int nr_pages = 0;

	if (!our_page_cluster)	/* no readahead */
		return 0;

	si = &swap_info[swp_type(entry)];
	target = swp_offset(entry);
	base = (target >> our_page_cluster) << our_page_cluster;
	end = base + (1 << our_page_cluster);
	if (!base)		/* first page is swap header */
		base++;

	spin_lock(&swap_lock);
	if (end > si->max)	/* don't go beyond end of map */
		end = si->max;

	/* Count contiguous allocated slots above our target */
	for (toff = target; ++toff < end; nr_pages++) {
		/* Don't read in free or bad pages */
		if (!si->swap_map[toff])
			break;
		if (swap_count(si->swap_map[toff]) == SWAP_MAP_BAD)
			break;
	}
	/* Count contiguous allocated slots below our target */
	for (toff = target; --toff >= base; nr_pages++) {
		/* Don't read in free or bad pages */
		if (!si->swap_map[toff])
			break;
		if (swap_count(si->swap_map[toff]) == SWAP_MAP_BAD)
			break;
	}
	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);

	/*
	 * Indicate starting offset, and return number of pages to get:
	 * if only 1, say 0, since there's then no readahead to be done.
	 */
	*offset = ++toff;
	return nr_pages? ++nr_pages: 0;
}