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/*
 *  linux/mm/nommu.c
 *
 *  Replacement code for mm functions to support CPU's that don't
 *  have any form of memory management unit (thus no virtual memory).
 *
 *  See Documentation/nommu-mmap.txt
 *
 *  Copyright (c) 2004-2005 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
 *  Copyright (c) 2000-2003 David McCullough <davidm@snapgear.com>
 *  Copyright (c) 2000-2001 D Jeff Dionne <jeff@uClinux.org>
 *  Copyright (c) 2002      Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com>
 *  Copyright (c) 2007      Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/tracehook.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

void *high_memory;
struct page *mem_map;
unsigned long max_mapnr;
unsigned long num_physpages;
unsigned long askedalloc, realalloc;
atomic_long_t vm_committed_space = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0);
int sysctl_overcommit_memory = OVERCOMMIT_GUESS; /* heuristic overcommit */
int sysctl_overcommit_ratio = 50; /* default is 50% */
int sysctl_max_map_count = DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT;
int heap_stack_gap = 0;

EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(num_physpages);

/* list of shareable VMAs */
struct rb_root nommu_vma_tree = RB_ROOT;
DECLARE_RWSEM(nommu_vma_sem);

struct vm_operations_struct generic_file_vm_ops = {
};

/*
 * Handle all mappings that got truncated by a "truncate()"
 * system call.
 *
 * NOTE! We have to be ready to update the memory sharing
 * between the file and the memory map for a potential last
 * incomplete page.  Ugly, but necessary.
 */
int vmtruncate(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
{
	struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
	unsigned long limit;

	if (inode->i_size < offset)
		goto do_expand;
	i_size_write(inode, offset);

	truncate_inode_pages(mapping, offset);
	goto out_truncate;

do_expand:
	limit = current->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_FSIZE].rlim_cur;
	if (limit != RLIM_INFINITY && offset > limit)
		goto out_sig;
	if (offset > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes)
		goto out;
	i_size_write(inode, offset);

out_truncate:
	if (inode->i_op && inode->i_op->truncate)
		inode->i_op->truncate(inode);
	return 0;
out_sig:
	send_sig(SIGXFSZ, current, 0);
out:
	return -EFBIG;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmtruncate);

/*
 * Return the total memory allocated for this pointer, not
 * just what the caller asked for.
 *
 * Doesn't have to be accurate, i.e. may have races.
 */
unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp)
{
	struct page *page;

	/*
	 * If the object we have should not have ksize performed on it,
	 * return size of 0
	 */
	if (!objp || !virt_addr_valid(objp))
		return 0;

	page = virt_to_head_page(objp);

	/*
	 * If the allocator sets PageSlab, we know the pointer came from
	 * kmalloc().
	 */
	if (PageSlab(page))
		return ksize(objp);

	/*
	 * The ksize() function is only guaranteed to work for pointers
	 * returned by kmalloc(). So handle arbitrary pointers here.
	 */
	return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page);
}

/*
 * get a list of pages in an address range belonging to the specified process
 * and indicate the VMA that covers each page
 * - this is potentially dodgy as we may end incrementing the page count of a
 *   slab page or a secondary page from a compound page
 * - don't permit access to VMAs that don't support it, such as I/O mappings
 */
int get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
	unsigned long start, int len, int write, int force,
	struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
	unsigned long vm_flags;
	int i;

	/* calculate required read or write permissions.
	 * - if 'force' is set, we only require the "MAY" flags.
	 */
	vm_flags  = write ? (VM_WRITE | VM_MAYWRITE) : (VM_READ | VM_MAYREAD);
	vm_flags &= force ? (VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE) : (VM_READ | VM_WRITE);

	for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
		vma = find_vma(mm, start);
		if (!vma)
			goto finish_or_fault;

		/* protect what we can, including chardevs */
		if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP) ||
		    !(vm_flags & vma->vm_flags))
			goto finish_or_fault;

		if (pages) {
			pages[i] = virt_to_page(start);
			if (pages[i])
				page_cache_get(pages[i]);
		}
		if (vmas)
			vmas[i] = vma;
		start += PAGE_SIZE;
	}

	return i;

finish_or_fault:
	return i ? : -EFAULT;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages);

DEFINE_RWLOCK(vmlist_lock);
struct vm_struct *vmlist;

void vfree(const void *addr)
{
	kfree(addr);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfree);

void *__vmalloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot)
{
	/*
	 *  You can't specify __GFP_HIGHMEM with kmalloc() since kmalloc()
	 * returns only a logical address.
	 */
	return kmalloc(size, (gfp_mask | __GFP_COMP) & ~__GFP_HIGHMEM);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__vmalloc);

void *vmalloc_user(unsigned long size)
{
	void *ret;

	ret = __vmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM | __GFP_ZERO,
			PAGE_KERNEL);
	if (ret) {
		struct vm_area_struct *vma;

		down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
		vma = find_vma(current->mm, (unsigned long)ret);
		if (vma)
			vma->vm_flags |= VM_USERMAP;
		up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
	}

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_user);

struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr)
{
	return virt_to_page(addr);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_page);

unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr)
{
	return page_to_pfn(virt_to_page(addr));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_pfn);

long vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count)
{
	memcpy(buf, addr, count);
	return count;
}

long vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count)
{
	/* Don't allow overflow */
	if ((unsigned long) addr + count < count)
		count = -(unsigned long) addr;

	memcpy(addr, buf, count);
	return(count);
}

/*
 *	vmalloc  -  allocate virtually continguos memory
 *
 *	@size:		allocation size
 *
 *	Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level
 *	allocator and map them into continguos kernel virtual space.
 *
 *	For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags
 *	use __vmalloc() instead.
 */
void *vmalloc(unsigned long size)
{
       return __vmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM, PAGE_KERNEL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc);

void *vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node)
{
	return vmalloc(size);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_node);

#ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC
# define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC PAGE_KERNEL
#endif

/**
 *	vmalloc_exec  -  allocate virtually contiguous, executable memory
 *	@size:		allocation size
 *
 *	Kernel-internal function to allocate enough pages to cover @size
 *	the page level allocator and map them into contiguous and
 *	executable kernel virtual space.
 *
 *	For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags
 *	use __vmalloc() instead.
 */

void *vmalloc_exec(unsigned long size)
{
	return __vmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM, PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC);
}

/**
 * vmalloc_32  -  allocate virtually contiguous memory (32bit addressable)
 *	@size:		allocation size
 *
 *	Allocate enough 32bit PA addressable pages to cover @size from the
 *	page level allocator and map them into continguos kernel virtual space.
 */
void *vmalloc_32(unsigned long size)
{
	return __vmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL, PAGE_KERNEL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32);

/**
 * vmalloc_32_user - allocate zeroed virtually contiguous 32bit memory
 *	@size:		allocation size
 *
 * The resulting memory area is 32bit addressable and zeroed so it can be
 * mapped to userspace without leaking data.
 *
 * VM_USERMAP is set on the corresponding VMA so that subsequent calls to
 * remap_vmalloc_range() are permissible.
 */
void *vmalloc_32_user(unsigned long size)
{
	/*
	 * We'll have to sort out the ZONE_DMA bits for 64-bit,
	 * but for now this can simply use vmalloc_user() directly.
	 */
	return vmalloc_user(size);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32_user);

void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, unsigned long flags, pgprot_t prot)
{
	BUG();
	return NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmap);

void vunmap(const void *addr)
{
	BUG();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vunmap);

/*
 * Implement a stub for vmalloc_sync_all() if the architecture chose not to
 * have one.
 */
void  __attribute__((weak)) vmalloc_sync_all(void)
{
}

int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
		   struct page *page)
{
	return -EINVAL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page);

/*
 *  sys_brk() for the most part doesn't need the global kernel
 *  lock, except when an application is doing something nasty
 *  like trying to un-brk an area that has already been mapped
 *  to a regular file.  in this case, the unmapping will need
 *  to invoke file system routines that need the global lock.
 */
SYSCALL_DEFINE1(brk, unsigned long, brk)
{
	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;

	if (brk < mm->start_brk || brk > mm->context.end_brk)
		return mm->brk;

	if (mm->brk == brk)
		return mm->brk;

	/*
	 * Always allow shrinking brk
	 */
	if (brk <= mm->brk) {
		mm->brk = brk;
		return brk;
	}

	/*
	 * Ok, looks good - let it rip.
	 */
	return mm->brk = brk;
}

#ifdef DEBUG
static void show_process_blocks(void)
{
	struct vm_list_struct *vml;

	printk("Process blocks %d:", current->pid);

	for (vml = &current->mm->context.vmlist; vml; vml = vml->next) {
		printk(" %p: %p", vml, vml->vma);
		if (vml->vma)
			printk(" (%d @%lx #%d)",
			       kobjsize((void *) vml->vma->vm_start),
			       vml->vma->vm_start,
			       atomic_read(&vml->vma->vm_usage));
		printk(vml->next ? " ->" : ".\n");
	}
}
#endif /* DEBUG */

/*
 * add a VMA into a process's mm_struct in the appropriate place in the list
 * - should be called with mm->mmap_sem held writelocked
 */
static void add_vma_to_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_list_struct *vml)
{
	struct vm_list_struct **ppv;

	for (ppv = &current->mm->context.vmlist; *ppv; ppv = &(*ppv)->next)
		if ((*ppv)->vma->vm_start > vml->vma->vm_start)
			break;

	vml->next = *ppv;
	*ppv = vml;
}

/*
 * look up the first VMA in which addr resides, NULL if none
 * - should be called with mm->mmap_sem at least held readlocked
 */
struct vm_area_struct *find_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
	struct vm_list_struct *loop, *vml;

	/* search the vm_start ordered list */
	vml = NULL;
	for (loop = mm->context.vmlist; loop; loop = loop->next) {
		if (loop->vma->vm_start > addr)
			break;
		vml = loop;
	}

	if (vml && vml->vma->vm_end > addr)
		return vml->vma;

	return NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_vma);

/*
 * find a VMA
 * - we don't extend stack VMAs under NOMMU conditions
 */
struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
	return find_vma(mm, addr);
}

int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
{
	return -ENOMEM;
}

/*
 * look up the first VMA exactly that exactly matches addr
 * - should be called with mm->mmap_sem at least held readlocked
 */
static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_vma_exact(struct mm_struct *mm,
						    unsigned long addr)
{
	struct vm_list_struct *vml;

	/* search the vm_start ordered list */
	for (vml = mm->context.vmlist; vml; vml = vml->next) {
		if (vml->vma->vm_start == addr)
			return vml->vma;
		if (vml->vma->vm_start > addr)
			break;
	}

	return NULL;
}

/*
 * find a VMA in the global tree
 */
static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_nommu_vma(unsigned long start)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
	struct rb_node *n = nommu_vma_tree.rb_node;

	while (n) {
		vma = rb_entry(n, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb);

		if (start < vma->vm_start)
			n = n->rb_left;
		else if (start > vma->vm_start)
			n = n->rb_right;
		else
			return vma;
	}

	return NULL;
}

/*
 * add a VMA in the global tree
 */
static void add_nommu_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *pvma;
	struct address_space *mapping;
	struct rb_node **p = &nommu_vma_tree.rb_node;
	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;

	/* add the VMA to the mapping */
	if (vma->vm_file) {
		mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;

		flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
		vma_prio_tree_insert(vma, &mapping->i_mmap);
		flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
	}

	/* add the VMA to the master list */
	while (*p) {
		parent = *p;
		pvma = rb_entry(parent, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb);

		if (vma->vm_start < pvma->vm_start) {
			p = &(*p)->rb_left;
		}
		else if (vma->vm_start > pvma->vm_start) {
			p = &(*p)->rb_right;
		}
		else {
			/* mappings are at the same address - this can only
			 * happen for shared-mem chardevs and shared file
			 * mappings backed by ramfs/tmpfs */
			BUG_ON(!(pvma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED));

			if (vma < pvma)
				p = &(*p)->rb_left;
			else if (vma > pvma)
				p = &(*p)->rb_right;
			else
				BUG();
		}
	}

	rb_link_node(&vma->vm_rb, parent, p);
	rb_insert_color(&vma->vm_rb, &nommu_vma_tree);
}

/*
 * delete a VMA from the global list
 */
static void delete_nommu_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	struct address_space *mapping;

	/* remove the VMA from the mapping */
	if (vma->vm_file) {
		mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;

		flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
		vma_prio_tree_remove(vma, &mapping->i_mmap);
		flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
	}

	/* remove from the master list */
	rb_erase(&vma->vm_rb, &nommu_vma_tree);
}

/*
 * determine whether a mapping should be permitted and, if so, what sort of
 * mapping we're capable of supporting
 */
static int validate_mmap_request(struct file *file,
				 unsigned long addr,
				 unsigned long len,
				 unsigned long prot,
				 unsigned long flags,
				 unsigned long pgoff,
				 unsigned long *_capabilities)
{
	unsigned long capabilities;
	unsigned long reqprot = prot;
	int ret;

	/* do the simple checks first */
	if (flags & MAP_FIXED || addr) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG
		       "%d: Can't do fixed-address/overlay mmap of RAM\n",
		       current->pid);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if ((flags & MAP_TYPE) != MAP_PRIVATE &&
	    (flags & MAP_TYPE) != MAP_SHARED)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!len)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* Careful about overflows.. */
	len = PAGE_ALIGN(len);
	if (!len || len > TASK_SIZE)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* offset overflow? */
	if ((pgoff + (len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) < pgoff)
		return -EOVERFLOW;

	if (file) {
		/* validate file mapping requests */
		struct address_space *mapping;

		/* files must support mmap */
		if (!file->f_op || !file->f_op->mmap)
			return -ENODEV;

		/* work out if what we've got could possibly be shared
		 * - we support chardevs that provide their own "memory"
		 * - we support files/blockdevs that are memory backed
		 */
		mapping = file->f_mapping;
		if (!mapping)
			mapping = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_mapping;

		capabilities = 0;
		if (mapping && mapping->backing_dev_info)
			capabilities = mapping->backing_dev_info->capabilities;

		if (!capabilities) {
			/* no explicit capabilities set, so assume some
			 * defaults */
			switch (file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) {
			case S_IFREG:
			case S_IFBLK:
				capabilities = BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY;
				break;

			case S_IFCHR:
				capabilities =
					BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT |
					BDI_CAP_READ_MAP |
					BDI_CAP_WRITE_MAP;
				break;

			default:
				return -EINVAL;
			}
		}

		/* eliminate any capabilities that we can't support on this
		 * device */
		if (!file->f_op->get_unmapped_area)
			capabilities &= ~BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT;
		if (!file->f_op->read)
			capabilities &= ~BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY;

		if (flags & MAP_SHARED) {
			/* do checks for writing, appending and locking */
			if ((prot & PROT_WRITE) &&
			    !(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
				return -EACCES;

			if (IS_APPEND(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode) &&
			    (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
				return -EACCES;

			if (locks_verify_locked(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode))
				return -EAGAIN;

			if (!(capabilities & BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT))
				return -ENODEV;

			if (((prot & PROT_READ)  && !(capabilities & BDI_CAP_READ_MAP))  ||
			    ((prot & PROT_WRITE) && !(capabilities & BDI_CAP_WRITE_MAP)) ||
			    ((prot & PROT_EXEC)  && !(capabilities & BDI_CAP_EXEC_MAP))
			    ) {
				printk("MAP_SHARED not completely supported on !MMU\n");
				return -EINVAL;
			}

			/* we mustn't privatise shared mappings */
			capabilities &= ~BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY;
		}
		else {
			/* we're going to read the file into private memory we
			 * allocate */
			if (!(capabilities & BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY))
				return -ENODEV;

			/* we don't permit a private writable mapping to be
			 * shared with the backing device */
			if (prot & PROT_WRITE)
				capabilities &= ~BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT;
		}

		/* handle executable mappings and implied executable
		 * mappings */
		if (file->f_path.mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC) {
			if (prot & PROT_EXEC)
				return -EPERM;
		}
		else if ((prot & PROT_READ) && !(prot & PROT_EXEC)) {
			/* handle implication of PROT_EXEC by PROT_READ */
			if (current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) {
				if (capabilities & BDI_CAP_EXEC_MAP)
					prot |= PROT_EXEC;
			}
		}
		else if ((prot & PROT_READ) &&
			 (prot & PROT_EXEC) &&
			 !(capabilities & BDI_CAP_EXEC_MAP)
			 ) {
			/* backing file is not executable, try to copy */
			capabilities &= ~BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT;
		}
	}
	else {
		/* anonymous mappings are always memory backed and can be
		 * privately mapped
		 */
		capabilities = BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY;

		/* handle PROT_EXEC implication by PROT_READ */
		if ((prot & PROT_READ) &&
		    (current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC))
			prot |= PROT_EXEC;
	}

	/* allow the security API to have its say */
	ret = security_file_mmap(file, reqprot, prot, flags, addr, 0);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	/* looks okay */
	*_capabilities = capabilities;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * we've determined that we can make the mapping, now translate what we
 * now know into VMA flags
 */
static unsigned long determine_vm_flags(struct file *file,
					unsigned long prot,
					unsigned long flags,
					unsigned long capabilities)
{
	unsigned long vm_flags;

	vm_flags = calc_vm_prot_bits(prot) | calc_vm_flag_bits(flags);
	vm_flags |= VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC;
	/* vm_flags |= mm->def_flags; */

	if (!(capabilities & BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT)) {
		/* attempt to share read-only copies of mapped file chunks */
		if (file && !(prot & PROT_WRITE))
			vm_flags |= VM_MAYSHARE;
	}
	else {
		/* overlay a shareable mapping on the backing device or inode
		 * if possible - used for chardevs, ramfs/tmpfs/shmfs and
		 * romfs/cramfs */
		if (flags & MAP_SHARED)
			vm_flags |= VM_MAYSHARE | VM_SHARED;
		else if ((((vm_flags & capabilities) ^ vm_flags) & BDI_CAP_VMFLAGS) == 0)
			vm_flags |= VM_MAYSHARE;
	}

	/* refuse to let anyone share private mappings with this process if
	 * it's being traced - otherwise breakpoints set in it may interfere
	 * with another untraced process
	 */
	if ((flags & MAP_PRIVATE) && tracehook_expect_breakpoints(current))
		vm_flags &= ~VM_MAYSHARE;

	return vm_flags;
}

/*
 * set up a shared mapping on a file
 */
static int do_mmap_shared_file(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long len)
{
	int ret;

	ret = vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap(vma->vm_file, vma);
	if (ret != -ENOSYS)
		return ret;

	/* getting an ENOSYS error indicates that direct mmap isn't
	 * possible (as opposed to tried but failed) so we'll fall
	 * through to making a private copy of the data and mapping
	 * that if we can */
	return -ENODEV;
}

/*
 * set up a private mapping or an anonymous shared mapping
 */
static int do_mmap_private(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long len)
{
	void *base;
	int ret;

	/* invoke the file's mapping function so that it can keep track of
	 * shared mappings on devices or memory
	 * - VM_MAYSHARE will be set if it may attempt to share
	 */
	if (vma->vm_file) {
		ret = vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap(vma->vm_file, vma);
		if (ret != -ENOSYS) {
			/* shouldn't return success if we're not sharing */
			BUG_ON(ret == 0 && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE));
			return ret; /* success or a real error */
		}

		/* getting an ENOSYS error indicates that direct mmap isn't
		 * possible (as opposed to tried but failed) so we'll try to
		 * make a private copy of the data and map that instead */
	}

	/* allocate some memory to hold the mapping
	 * - note that this may not return a page-aligned address if the object
	 *   we're allocating is smaller than a page
	 */
	base = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_COMP);
	if (!base)
		goto enomem;

	vma->vm_start = (unsigned long) base;
	vma->vm_end = vma->vm_start + len;
	vma->vm_flags |= VM_MAPPED_COPY;

#ifdef WARN_ON_SLACK
	if (len + WARN_ON_SLACK <= kobjsize(result))
		printk("Allocation of %lu bytes from process %d has %lu bytes of slack\n",
		       len, current->pid, kobjsize(result) - len);
#endif

	if (vma->vm_file) {
		/* read the contents of a file into the copy */
		mm_segment_t old_fs;
		loff_t fpos;

		fpos = vma->vm_pgoff;
		fpos <<= PAGE_SHIFT;

		old_fs = get_fs();
		set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
		ret = vma->vm_file->f_op->read(vma->vm_file, base, len, &fpos);
		set_fs(old_fs);

		if (ret < 0)
			goto error_free;

		/* clear the last little bit */
		if (ret < len)
			memset(base + ret, 0, len - ret);

	} else {
		/* if it's an anonymous mapping, then just clear it */
		memset(base, 0, len);
	}

	return 0;

error_free:
	kfree(base);
	vma->vm_start = 0;
	return ret;

enomem:
	printk("Allocation of length %lu from process %d failed\n",
	       len, current->pid);
	show_free_areas();
	return -ENOMEM;
}

/*
 * handle mapping creation for uClinux
 */
unsigned long do_mmap_pgoff(struct file *file,
			    unsigned long addr,
			    unsigned long len,
			    unsigned long prot,
			    unsigned long flags,
			    unsigned long pgoff)
{
	struct vm_list_struct *vml = NULL;
	struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL;
	struct rb_node *rb;
	unsigned long capabilities, vm_flags;
	void *result;
	int ret;

	if (!(flags & MAP_FIXED))
		addr = round_hint_to_min(addr);

	/* decide whether we should attempt the mapping, and if so what sort of
	 * mapping */
	ret = validate_mmap_request(file, addr, len, prot, flags, pgoff,
				    &capabilities);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	/* we've determined that we can make the mapping, now translate what we
	 * now know into VMA flags */
	vm_flags = determine_vm_flags(file, prot, flags, capabilities);

	/* we're going to need to record the mapping if it works */
	vml = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vm_list_struct), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!vml)
		goto error_getting_vml;

	down_write(&nommu_vma_sem);

	/* if we want to share, we need to check for VMAs created by other
	 * mmap() calls that overlap with our proposed mapping
	 * - we can only share with an exact match on most regular files
	 * - shared mappings on character devices and memory backed files are
	 *   permitted to overlap inexactly as far as we are concerned for in
	 *   these cases, sharing is handled in the driver or filesystem rather
	 *   than here
	 */
	if (vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) {
		unsigned long pglen = (len + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
		unsigned long vmpglen;

		/* suppress VMA sharing for shared regions */
		if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED &&
		    capabilities & BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT)
			goto dont_share_VMAs;

		for (rb = rb_first(&nommu_vma_tree); rb; rb = rb_next(rb)) {
			vma = rb_entry(rb, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb);

			if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE))
				continue;

			/* search for overlapping mappings on the same file */
			if (vma->vm_file->f_path.dentry->d_inode != file->f_path.dentry->d_inode)
				continue;

			if (vma->vm_pgoff >= pgoff + pglen)
				continue;

			vmpglen = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start + PAGE_SIZE - 1;
			vmpglen >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
			if (pgoff >= vma->vm_pgoff + vmpglen)
				continue;

			/* handle inexactly overlapping matches between mappings */
			if (vma->vm_pgoff != pgoff || vmpglen != pglen) {
				if (!(capabilities & BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT))
					goto sharing_violation;
				continue;
			}

			/* we've found a VMA we can share */
			atomic_inc(&vma->vm_usage);

			vml->vma = vma;
			result = (void *) vma->vm_start;
			goto shared;
		}

	dont_share_VMAs:
		vma = NULL;

		/* obtain the address at which to make a shared mapping
		 * - this is the hook for quasi-memory character devices to
		 *   tell us the location of a shared mapping
		 */
		if (file && file->f_op->get_unmapped_area) {
			addr = file->f_op->get_unmapped_area(file, addr, len,
							     pgoff, flags);
			if (IS_ERR((void *) addr)) {
				ret = addr;
				if (ret != (unsigned long) -ENOSYS)
					goto error;

				/* the driver refused to tell us where to site
				 * the mapping so we'll have to attempt to copy
				 * it */
				ret = (unsigned long) -ENODEV;
				if (!(capabilities & BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY))
					goto error;

				capabilities &= ~BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT;
			}
		}
	}

	/* we're going to need a VMA struct as well */
	vma = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vm_area_struct), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!vma)
		goto error_getting_vma;

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_node);
	atomic_set(&vma->vm_usage, 1);
	if (file) {
		get_file(file);
		if (vm_flags & VM_EXECUTABLE) {
			added_exe_file_vma(current->mm);
			vma->vm_mm = current->mm;
		}
	}
	vma->vm_file	= file;
	vma->vm_flags	= vm_flags;
	vma->vm_start	= addr;
	vma->vm_end	= addr + len;
	vma->vm_pgoff	= pgoff;

	vml->vma = vma;

	/* set up the mapping */
	if (file && vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
		ret = do_mmap_shared_file(vma, len);
	else
		ret = do_mmap_private(vma, len);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto error;

	/* okay... we have a mapping; now we have to register it */
	result = (void *) vma->vm_start;

	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAPPED_COPY) {
		realalloc += kobjsize(result);
		askedalloc += len;
	}

	realalloc += kobjsize(vma);
	askedalloc += sizeof(*vma);

	current->mm->total_vm += len >> PAGE_SHIFT;

	add_nommu_vma(vma);

 shared:
	realalloc += kobjsize(vml);
	askedalloc += sizeof(*vml);

	add_vma_to_mm(current->mm, vml);

	up_write(&nommu_vma_sem);

	if (prot & PROT_EXEC)
		flush_icache_range((unsigned long) result,
				   (unsigned long) result + len);

#ifdef DEBUG
	printk("do_mmap:\n");
	show_process_blocks();
#endif

	return (unsigned long) result;

 error:
	up_write(&nommu_vma_sem);
	kfree(vml);
	if (vma) {
		if (vma->vm_file) {
			fput(vma->vm_file);
			if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXECUTABLE)
				removed_exe_file_vma(vma->vm_mm);
		}
		kfree(vma);
	}
	return ret;

 sharing_violation:
	up_write(&nommu_vma_sem);
	printk("Attempt to share mismatched mappings\n");
	kfree(vml);
	return -EINVAL;

 error_getting_vma:
	up_write(&nommu_vma_sem);
	kfree(vml);
	printk("Allocation of vma for %lu byte allocation from process %d failed\n",
	       len, current->pid);
	show_free_areas();
	return -ENOMEM;

 error_getting_vml:
	printk("Allocation of vml for %lu byte allocation from process %d failed\n",
	       len, current->pid);
	show_free_areas();
	return -ENOMEM;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_mmap_pgoff);

/*
 * handle mapping disposal for uClinux
 */
static void put_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	if (vma) {
		down_write(&nommu_vma_sem);

		if (atomic_dec_and_test(&vma->vm_usage)) {
			delete_nommu_vma(vma);

			if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->close)
				vma->vm_ops->close(vma);

			/* IO memory and memory shared directly out of the pagecache from
			 * ramfs/tmpfs mustn't be released here */
			if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAPPED_COPY) {
				realalloc -= kobjsize((void *) vma->vm_start);
				askedalloc -= vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
				kfree((void *) vma->vm_start);
			}

			realalloc -= kobjsize(vma);
			askedalloc -= sizeof(*vma);

			if (vma->vm_file) {
				fput(vma->vm_file);
				if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXECUTABLE)
					removed_exe_file_vma(mm);
			}
			kfree(vma);
		}

		up_write(&nommu_vma_sem);
	}
}

/*
 * release a mapping
 * - under NOMMU conditions the parameters must match exactly to the mapping to
 *   be removed
 */
int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, size_t len)
{
	struct vm_list_struct *vml, **parent;
	unsigned long end = addr + len;

#ifdef DEBUG
	printk("do_munmap:\n");
#endif

	for (parent = &mm->context.vmlist; *parent; parent = &(*parent)->next) {
		if ((*parent)->vma->vm_start > addr)
			break;
		if ((*parent)->vma->vm_start == addr &&
		    ((len == 0) || ((*parent)->vma->vm_end == end)))
			goto found;
	}

	printk("munmap of non-mmaped memory by process %d (%s): %p\n",
	       current->pid, current->comm, (void *) addr);
	return -EINVAL;

 found:
	vml = *parent;

	put_vma(mm, vml->vma);

	*parent = vml->next;
	realalloc -= kobjsize(vml);
	askedalloc -= sizeof(*vml);
	kfree(vml);

	update_hiwater_vm(mm);
	mm->total_vm -= len >> PAGE_SHIFT;

#ifdef DEBUG
	show_process_blocks();
#endif

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_munmap);

SYSCALL_DEFINE2(munmap, unsigned long, addr, size_t, len)
{
	int ret;
	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;

	down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
	ret = do_munmap(mm, addr, len);
	up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Release all mappings
 */
void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct * mm)
{
	struct vm_list_struct *tmp;

	if (mm) {
#ifdef DEBUG
		printk("Exit_mmap:\n");
#endif

		mm->total_vm = 0;

		while ((tmp = mm->context.vmlist)) {
			mm->context.vmlist = tmp->next;
			put_vma(mm, tmp->vma);

			realalloc -= kobjsize(tmp);
			askedalloc -= sizeof(*tmp);
			kfree(tmp);
		}

#ifdef DEBUG
		show_process_blocks();
#endif
	}
}

unsigned long do_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
{
	return -ENOMEM;
}

/*
 * expand (or shrink) an existing mapping, potentially moving it at the same
 * time (controlled by the MREMAP_MAYMOVE flag and available VM space)
 *
 * under NOMMU conditions, we only permit changing a mapping's size, and only
 * as long as it stays within the hole allocated by the kmalloc() call in
 * do_mmap_pgoff() and the block is not shareable
 *
 * MREMAP_FIXED is not supported under NOMMU conditions
 */
unsigned long do_mremap(unsigned long addr,
			unsigned long old_len, unsigned long new_len,
			unsigned long flags, unsigned long new_addr)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;

	/* insanity checks first */
	if (new_len == 0)
		return (unsigned long) -EINVAL;

	if (flags & MREMAP_FIXED && new_addr != addr)
		return (unsigned long) -EINVAL;

	vma = find_vma_exact(current->mm, addr);
	if (!vma)
		return (unsigned long) -EINVAL;

	if (vma->vm_end != vma->vm_start + old_len)
		return (unsigned long) -EFAULT;

	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)
		return (unsigned long) -EPERM;

	if (new_len > kobjsize((void *) addr))
		return (unsigned long) -ENOMEM;

	/* all checks complete - do it */
	vma->vm_end = vma->vm_start + new_len;

	askedalloc -= old_len;
	askedalloc += new_len;

	return vma->vm_start;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_mremap);

SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mremap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, old_len,
		unsigned long, new_len, unsigned long, flags,
		unsigned long, new_addr)
{
	unsigned long ret;

	down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
	ret = do_mremap(addr, old_len, new_len, flags, new_addr);
	up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
	return ret;
}

struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
			unsigned int foll_flags)
{
	return NULL;
}

int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long from,
		unsigned long to, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot)
{
	vma->vm_start = vma->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range);

int remap_vmalloc_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *addr,
			unsigned long pgoff)
{
	unsigned int size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;

	if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_USERMAP))
		return -EINVAL;

	vma->vm_start = (unsigned long)(addr + (pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT));
	vma->vm_end = vma->vm_start + size;

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_vmalloc_range);

void swap_unplug_io_fn(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct page *page)
{
}

unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
	unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags)
{
	return -ENOMEM;
}

void arch_unmap_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
}

void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
			 loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen,
			 int even_cows)
{
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range);

/*
 * ask for an unmapped area at which to create a mapping on a file
 */
unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
				unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff,
				unsigned long flags)
{
	unsigned long (*get_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long,
				  unsigned long, unsigned long);

	get_area = current->mm->get_unmapped_area;
	if (file && file->f_op && file->f_op->get_unmapped_area)
		get_area = file->f_op->get_unmapped_area;

	if (!get_area)
		return -ENOSYS;

	return get_area(file, addr, len, pgoff, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_unmapped_area);

/*
 * Check that a process has enough memory to allocate a new virtual
 * mapping. 0 means there is enough memory for the allocation to
 * succeed and -ENOMEM implies there is not.
 *
 * We currently support three overcommit policies, which are set via the
 * vm.overcommit_memory sysctl.  See Documentation/vm/overcommit-accounting
 *
 * Strict overcommit modes added 2002 Feb 26 by Alan Cox.
 * Additional code 2002 Jul 20 by Robert Love.
 *
 * cap_sys_admin is 1 if the process has admin privileges, 0 otherwise.
 *
 * Note this is a helper function intended to be used by LSMs which
 * wish to use this logic.
 */
int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin)
{
	unsigned long free, allowed;

	vm_acct_memory(pages);

	/*
	 * Sometimes we want to use more memory than we have
	 */
	if (sysctl_overcommit_memory == OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS)
		return 0;

	if (sysctl_overcommit_memory == OVERCOMMIT_GUESS) {
		unsigned long n;

		free = global_page_state(NR_FILE_PAGES);
		free += nr_swap_pages;

		/*
		 * Any slabs which are created with the
		 * SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT flag claim to have contents
		 * which are reclaimable, under pressure.  The dentry
		 * cache and most inode caches should fall into this
		 */
		free += global_page_state(NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE);

		/*
		 * Leave the last 3% for root
		 */
		if (!cap_sys_admin)
			free -= free / 32;

		if (free > pages)
			return 0;

		/*
		 * nr_free_pages() is very expensive on large systems,
		 * only call if we're about to fail.
		 */
		n = nr_free_pages();

		/*
		 * Leave reserved pages. The pages are not for anonymous pages.
		 */
		if (n <= totalreserve_pages)
			goto error;
		else
			n -= totalreserve_pages;

		/*
		 * Leave the last 3% for root
		 */
		if (!cap_sys_admin)
			n -= n / 32;
		free += n;

		if (free > pages)
			return 0;

		goto error;
	}

	allowed = totalram_pages * sysctl_overcommit_ratio / 100;
	/*
	 * Leave the last 3% for root
	 */
	if (!cap_sys_admin)
		allowed -= allowed / 32;
	allowed += total_swap_pages;

	/* Don't let a single process grow too big:
	   leave 3% of the size of this process for other processes */
	if (mm)
		allowed -= mm->total_vm / 32;

	/*
	 * cast `allowed' as a signed long because vm_committed_space
	 * sometimes has a negative value
	 */
	if (atomic_long_read(&vm_committed_space) < (long)allowed)
		return 0;
error:
	vm_unacct_memory(pages);

	return -ENOMEM;
}

int in_gate_area_no_task(unsigned long addr)
{
	return 0;
}

int filemap_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
	BUG();
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fault);

/*
 * Access another process' address space.
 * - source/target buffer must be kernel space
 */
int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
	struct mm_struct *mm;

	if (addr + len < addr)
		return 0;

	mm = get_task_mm(tsk);
	if (!mm)
		return 0;

	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);

	/* the access must start within one of the target process's mappings */
	vma = find_vma(mm, addr);
	if (vma) {
		/* don't overrun this mapping */
		if (addr + len >= vma->vm_end)
			len = vma->vm_end - addr;

		/* only read or write mappings where it is permitted */
		if (write && vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYWRITE)
			len -= copy_to_user((void *) addr, buf, len);
		else if (!write && vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYREAD)
			len -= copy_from_user(buf, (void *) addr, len);
		else
			len = 0;
	} else {
		len = 0;
	}

	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	mmput(mm);
	return len;
}