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/* memcontrol.c - Memory Controller
 *
 * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2007
 * Author Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
 *
 * Copyright 2007 OpenVZ SWsoft Inc
 * Author: Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 */

#include <linux/res_counter.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/page-flags.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/bit_spinlock.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>

struct cgroup_subsys mem_cgroup_subsys __read_mostly;
static struct kmem_cache *page_cgroup_cache __read_mostly;
#define MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_RETRIES	5

/*
 * Statistics for memory cgroup.
 */
enum mem_cgroup_stat_index {
	/*
	 * For MEM_CONTAINER_TYPE_ALL, usage = pagecache + rss.
	 */
	MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE, 	   /* # of pages charged as cache */
	MEM_CGROUP_STAT_RSS,	   /* # of pages charged as rss */
	MEM_CGROUP_STAT_PGPGIN_COUNT,	/* # of pages paged in */
	MEM_CGROUP_STAT_PGPGOUT_COUNT,	/* # of pages paged out */

	MEM_CGROUP_STAT_NSTATS,
};

struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu {
	s64 count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_NSTATS];
} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;

struct mem_cgroup_stat {
	struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu cpustat[NR_CPUS];
};

/*
 * For accounting under irq disable, no need for increment preempt count.
 */
static void __mem_cgroup_stat_add_safe(struct mem_cgroup_stat *stat,
		enum mem_cgroup_stat_index idx, int val)
{
	int cpu = smp_processor_id();
	stat->cpustat[cpu].count[idx] += val;
}

static s64 mem_cgroup_read_stat(struct mem_cgroup_stat *stat,
		enum mem_cgroup_stat_index idx)
{
	int cpu;
	s64 ret = 0;
	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
		ret += stat->cpustat[cpu].count[idx];
	return ret;
}

/*
 * per-zone information in memory controller.
 */

enum mem_cgroup_zstat_index {
	MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_ACTIVE,
	MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_INACTIVE,

	NR_MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT,
};

struct mem_cgroup_per_zone {
	/*
	 * spin_lock to protect the per cgroup LRU
	 */
	spinlock_t		lru_lock;
	struct list_head	active_list;
	struct list_head	inactive_list;
	unsigned long count[NR_MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT];
};
/* Macro for accessing counter */
#define MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, idx)	((mz)->count[(idx)])

struct mem_cgroup_per_node {
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone zoneinfo[MAX_NR_ZONES];
};

struct mem_cgroup_lru_info {
	struct mem_cgroup_per_node *nodeinfo[MAX_NUMNODES];
};

/*
 * The memory controller data structure. The memory controller controls both
 * page cache and RSS per cgroup. We would eventually like to provide
 * statistics based on the statistics developed by Rik Van Riel for clock-pro,
 * to help the administrator determine what knobs to tune.
 *
 * TODO: Add a water mark for the memory controller. Reclaim will begin when
 * we hit the water mark. May be even add a low water mark, such that
 * no reclaim occurs from a cgroup at it's low water mark, this is
 * a feature that will be implemented much later in the future.
 */
struct mem_cgroup {
	struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
	/*
	 * the counter to account for memory usage
	 */
	struct res_counter res;
	/*
	 * Per cgroup active and inactive list, similar to the
	 * per zone LRU lists.
	 */
	struct mem_cgroup_lru_info info;

	int	prev_priority;	/* for recording reclaim priority */
	/*
	 * statistics.
	 */
	struct mem_cgroup_stat stat;
};
static struct mem_cgroup init_mem_cgroup;

/*
 * We use the lower bit of the page->page_cgroup pointer as a bit spin
 * lock.  We need to ensure that page->page_cgroup is at least two
 * byte aligned (based on comments from Nick Piggin).  But since
 * bit_spin_lock doesn't actually set that lock bit in a non-debug
 * uniprocessor kernel, we should avoid setting it here too.
 */
#define PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK_BIT 	0x0
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK)
#define PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK 	(1 << PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK_BIT)
#else
#define PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK	0x0
#endif

/*
 * A page_cgroup page is associated with every page descriptor. The
 * page_cgroup helps us identify information about the cgroup
 */
struct page_cgroup {
	struct list_head lru;		/* per cgroup LRU list */
	struct page *page;
	struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup;
	int flags;
};
#define PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_CACHE	(0x1)	/* charged as cache */
#define PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_ACTIVE (0x2)	/* page is active in this cgroup */

static int page_cgroup_nid(struct page_cgroup *pc)
{
	return page_to_nid(pc->page);
}

static enum zone_type page_cgroup_zid(struct page_cgroup *pc)
{
	return page_zonenum(pc->page);
}

enum charge_type {
	MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE = 0,
	MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED,
	MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_FORCE,	/* used by force_empty */
};

/*
 * Always modified under lru lock. Then, not necessary to preempt_disable()
 */
static void mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(struct mem_cgroup *mem, int flags,
					bool charge)
{
	int val = (charge)? 1 : -1;
	struct mem_cgroup_stat *stat = &mem->stat;

	VM_BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
	if (flags & PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_CACHE)
		__mem_cgroup_stat_add_safe(stat, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE, val);
	else
		__mem_cgroup_stat_add_safe(stat, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_RSS, val);

	if (charge)
		__mem_cgroup_stat_add_safe(stat,
				MEM_CGROUP_STAT_PGPGIN_COUNT, 1);
	else
		__mem_cgroup_stat_add_safe(stat,
				MEM_CGROUP_STAT_PGPGOUT_COUNT, 1);
}

static struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *
mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(struct mem_cgroup *mem, int nid, int zid)
{
	return &mem->info.nodeinfo[nid]->zoneinfo[zid];
}

static struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *
page_cgroup_zoneinfo(struct page_cgroup *pc)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *mem = pc->mem_cgroup;
	int nid = page_cgroup_nid(pc);
	int zid = page_cgroup_zid(pc);

	return mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(mem, nid, zid);
}

static unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_all_zonestat(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
					enum mem_cgroup_zstat_index idx)
{
	int nid, zid;
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
	u64 total = 0;

	for_each_online_node(nid)
		for (zid = 0; zid < MAX_NR_ZONES; zid++) {
			mz = mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(mem, nid, zid);
			total += MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, idx);
		}
	return total;
}

static struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_cont(struct cgroup *cont)
{
	return container_of(cgroup_subsys_state(cont,
				mem_cgroup_subsys_id), struct mem_cgroup,
				css);
}

struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_task(struct task_struct *p)
{
	/*
	 * mm_update_next_owner() may clear mm->owner to NULL
	 * if it races with swapoff, page migration, etc.
	 * So this can be called with p == NULL.
	 */
	if (unlikely(!p))
		return NULL;

	return container_of(task_subsys_state(p, mem_cgroup_subsys_id),
				struct mem_cgroup, css);
}

static inline int page_cgroup_locked(struct page *page)
{
	return bit_spin_is_locked(PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK_BIT, &page->page_cgroup);
}

static void page_assign_page_cgroup(struct page *page, struct page_cgroup *pc)
{
	VM_BUG_ON(!page_cgroup_locked(page));
	page->page_cgroup = ((unsigned long)pc | PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK);
}

struct page_cgroup *page_get_page_cgroup(struct page *page)
{
	return (struct page_cgroup *) (page->page_cgroup & ~PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK);
}

static void lock_page_cgroup(struct page *page)
{
	bit_spin_lock(PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK_BIT, &page->page_cgroup);
}

static int try_lock_page_cgroup(struct page *page)
{
	return bit_spin_trylock(PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK_BIT, &page->page_cgroup);
}

static void unlock_page_cgroup(struct page *page)
{
	bit_spin_unlock(PAGE_CGROUP_LOCK_BIT, &page->page_cgroup);
}

static void __mem_cgroup_remove_list(struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz,
			struct page_cgroup *pc)
{
	int from = pc->flags & PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_ACTIVE;

	if (from)
		MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_ACTIVE) -= 1;
	else
		MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_INACTIVE) -= 1;

	mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(pc->mem_cgroup, pc->flags, false);
	list_del(&pc->lru);
}

static void __mem_cgroup_add_list(struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz,
				struct page_cgroup *pc)
{
	int to = pc->flags & PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_ACTIVE;

	if (!to) {
		MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_INACTIVE) += 1;
		list_add(&pc->lru, &mz->inactive_list);
	} else {
		MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_ACTIVE) += 1;
		list_add(&pc->lru, &mz->active_list);
	}
	mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(pc->mem_cgroup, pc->flags, true);
}

static void __mem_cgroup_move_lists(struct page_cgroup *pc, bool active)
{
	int from = pc->flags & PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_ACTIVE;
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc);

	if (from)
		MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_ACTIVE) -= 1;
	else
		MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_INACTIVE) -= 1;

	if (active) {
		MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_ACTIVE) += 1;
		pc->flags |= PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_ACTIVE;
		list_move(&pc->lru, &mz->active_list);
	} else {
		MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_INACTIVE) += 1;
		pc->flags &= ~PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_ACTIVE;
		list_move(&pc->lru, &mz->inactive_list);
	}
}

int task_in_mem_cgroup(struct task_struct *task, const struct mem_cgroup *mem)
{
	int ret;

	task_lock(task);
	ret = task->mm && mm_match_cgroup(task->mm, mem);
	task_unlock(task);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * This routine assumes that the appropriate zone's lru lock is already held
 */
void mem_cgroup_move_lists(struct page *page, bool active)
{
	struct page_cgroup *pc;
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
		return;

	/*
	 * We cannot lock_page_cgroup while holding zone's lru_lock,
	 * because other holders of lock_page_cgroup can be interrupted
	 * with an attempt to rotate_reclaimable_page.  But we cannot
	 * safely get to page_cgroup without it, so just try_lock it:
	 * mem_cgroup_isolate_pages allows for page left on wrong list.
	 */
	if (!try_lock_page_cgroup(page))
		return;

	pc = page_get_page_cgroup(page);
	if (pc) {
		mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc);
		spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
		__mem_cgroup_move_lists(pc, active);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
	}
	unlock_page_cgroup(page);
}

/*
 * Calculate mapped_ratio under memory controller. This will be used in
 * vmscan.c for deteremining we have to reclaim mapped pages.
 */
int mem_cgroup_calc_mapped_ratio(struct mem_cgroup *mem)
{
	long total, rss;

	/*
	 * usage is recorded in bytes. But, here, we assume the number of
	 * physical pages can be represented by "long" on any arch.
	 */
	total = (long) (mem->res.usage >> PAGE_SHIFT) + 1L;
	rss = (long)mem_cgroup_read_stat(&mem->stat, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_RSS);
	return (int)((rss * 100L) / total);
}

/*
 * This function is called from vmscan.c. In page reclaiming loop. balance
 * between active and inactive list is calculated. For memory controller
 * page reclaiming, we should use using mem_cgroup's imbalance rather than
 * zone's global lru imbalance.
 */
long mem_cgroup_reclaim_imbalance(struct mem_cgroup *mem)
{
	unsigned long active, inactive;
	/* active and inactive are the number of pages. 'long' is ok.*/
	active = mem_cgroup_get_all_zonestat(mem, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_ACTIVE);
	inactive = mem_cgroup_get_all_zonestat(mem, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_INACTIVE);
	return (long) (active / (inactive + 1));
}

/*
 * prev_priority control...this will be used in memory reclaim path.
 */
int mem_cgroup_get_reclaim_priority(struct mem_cgroup *mem)
{
	return mem->prev_priority;
}

void mem_cgroup_note_reclaim_priority(struct mem_cgroup *mem, int priority)
{
	if (priority < mem->prev_priority)
		mem->prev_priority = priority;
}

void mem_cgroup_record_reclaim_priority(struct mem_cgroup *mem, int priority)
{
	mem->prev_priority = priority;
}

/*
 * Calculate # of pages to be scanned in this priority/zone.
 * See also vmscan.c
 *
 * priority starts from "DEF_PRIORITY" and decremented in each loop.
 * (see include/linux/mmzone.h)
 */

long mem_cgroup_calc_reclaim_active(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
				   struct zone *zone, int priority)
{
	long nr_active;
	int nid = zone->zone_pgdat->node_id;
	int zid = zone_idx(zone);
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz = mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(mem, nid, zid);

	nr_active = MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_ACTIVE);
	return (nr_active >> priority);
}

long mem_cgroup_calc_reclaim_inactive(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
					struct zone *zone, int priority)
{
	long nr_inactive;
	int nid = zone->zone_pgdat->node_id;
	int zid = zone_idx(zone);
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz = mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(mem, nid, zid);

	nr_inactive = MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_INACTIVE);
	return (nr_inactive >> priority);
}

unsigned long mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
					struct list_head *dst,
					unsigned long *scanned, int order,
					int mode, struct zone *z,
					struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont,
					int active)
{
	unsigned long nr_taken = 0;
	struct page *page;
	unsigned long scan;
	LIST_HEAD(pc_list);
	struct list_head *src;
	struct page_cgroup *pc, *tmp;
	int nid = z->zone_pgdat->node_id;
	int zid = zone_idx(z);
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;

	BUG_ON(!mem_cont);
	mz = mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(mem_cont, nid, zid);
	if (active)
		src = &mz->active_list;
	else
		src = &mz->inactive_list;


	spin_lock(&mz->lru_lock);
	scan = 0;
	list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(pc, tmp, src, lru) {
		if (scan >= nr_to_scan)
			break;
		page = pc->page;

		if (unlikely(!PageLRU(page)))
			continue;

		if (PageActive(page) && !active) {
			__mem_cgroup_move_lists(pc, true);
			continue;
		}
		if (!PageActive(page) && active) {
			__mem_cgroup_move_lists(pc, false);
			continue;
		}

		scan++;
		list_move(&pc->lru, &pc_list);

		if (__isolate_lru_page(page, mode) == 0) {
			list_move(&page->lru, dst);
			nr_taken++;
		}
	}

	list_splice(&pc_list, src);
	spin_unlock(&mz->lru_lock);

	*scanned = scan;
	return nr_taken;
}

/*
 * Charge the memory controller for page usage.
 * Return
 * 0 if the charge was successful
 * < 0 if the cgroup is over its limit
 */
static int mem_cgroup_charge_common(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
				gfp_t gfp_mask, enum charge_type ctype,
				struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *mem;
	struct page_cgroup *pc;
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned long nr_retries = MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_RETRIES;
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;

	pc = kmem_cache_alloc(page_cgroup_cache, gfp_mask);
	if (unlikely(pc == NULL))
		goto err;

	/*
	 * We always charge the cgroup the mm_struct belongs to.
	 * The mm_struct's mem_cgroup changes on task migration if the
	 * thread group leader migrates. It's possible that mm is not
	 * set, if so charge the init_mm (happens for pagecache usage).
	 */
	if (likely(!memcg)) {
		rcu_read_lock();
		mem = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference(mm->owner));
		if (unlikely(!mem)) {
			rcu_read_unlock();
			kmem_cache_free(page_cgroup_cache, pc);
			return 0;
		}
		/*
		 * For every charge from the cgroup, increment reference count
		 */
		css_get(&mem->css);
		rcu_read_unlock();
	} else {
		mem = memcg;
		css_get(&memcg->css);
	}

	while (res_counter_charge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE)) {
		if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT))
			goto out;

		if (try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem, gfp_mask))
			continue;

		/*
		 * try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages() might not give us a full
		 * picture of reclaim. Some pages are reclaimed and might be
		 * moved to swap cache or just unmapped from the cgroup.
		 * Check the limit again to see if the reclaim reduced the
		 * current usage of the cgroup before giving up
		 */
		if (res_counter_check_under_limit(&mem->res))
			continue;

		if (!nr_retries--) {
			mem_cgroup_out_of_memory(mem, gfp_mask);
			goto out;
		}
	}

	pc->mem_cgroup = mem;
	pc->page = page;
	/*
	 * If a page is accounted as a page cache, insert to inactive list.
	 * If anon, insert to active list.
	 */
	if (ctype == MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE)
		pc->flags = PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_CACHE;
	else
		pc->flags = PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_ACTIVE;

	lock_page_cgroup(page);
	if (unlikely(page_get_page_cgroup(page))) {
		unlock_page_cgroup(page);
		res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE);
		css_put(&mem->css);
		kmem_cache_free(page_cgroup_cache, pc);
		goto done;
	}
	page_assign_page_cgroup(page, pc);

	mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc);
	spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
	__mem_cgroup_add_list(mz, pc);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);

	unlock_page_cgroup(page);
done:
	return 0;
out:
	css_put(&mem->css);
	kmem_cache_free(page_cgroup_cache, pc);
err:
	return -ENOMEM;
}

int mem_cgroup_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
	if (mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
		return 0;

	/*
	 * If already mapped, we don't have to account.
	 * If page cache, page->mapping has address_space.
	 * But page->mapping may have out-of-use anon_vma pointer,
	 * detecit it by PageAnon() check. newly-mapped-anon's page->mapping
	 * is NULL.
  	 */
	if (page_mapped(page) || (page->mapping && !PageAnon(page)))
		return 0;
	if (unlikely(!mm))
		mm = &init_mm;
	return mem_cgroup_charge_common(page, mm, gfp_mask,
				MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED, NULL);
}

int mem_cgroup_cache_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
				gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
	if (mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
		return 0;

	/*
	 * Corner case handling. This is called from add_to_page_cache()
	 * in usual. But some FS (shmem) precharges this page before calling it
	 * and call add_to_page_cache() with GFP_NOWAIT.
	 *
	 * For GFP_NOWAIT case, the page may be pre-charged before calling
	 * add_to_page_cache(). (See shmem.c) check it here and avoid to call
	 * charge twice. (It works but has to pay a bit larger cost.)
	 */
	if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT)) {
		struct page_cgroup *pc;

		lock_page_cgroup(page);
		pc = page_get_page_cgroup(page);
		if (pc) {
			VM_BUG_ON(pc->page != page);
			VM_BUG_ON(!pc->mem_cgroup);
			unlock_page_cgroup(page);
			return 0;
		}
		unlock_page_cgroup(page);
	}

	if (unlikely(!mm))
		mm = &init_mm;

	return mem_cgroup_charge_common(page, mm, gfp_mask,
				MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE, NULL);
}

/*
 * uncharge if !page_mapped(page)
 */
static void
__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(struct page *page, enum charge_type ctype)
{
	struct page_cgroup *pc;
	struct mem_cgroup *mem;
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
		return;

	/*
	 * Check if our page_cgroup is valid
	 */
	lock_page_cgroup(page);
	pc = page_get_page_cgroup(page);
	if (unlikely(!pc))
		goto unlock;

	VM_BUG_ON(pc->page != page);

	if ((ctype == MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED)
	    && ((pc->flags & PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_CACHE)
		|| page_mapped(page)))
		goto unlock;

	mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc);
	spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
	__mem_cgroup_remove_list(mz, pc);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);

	page_assign_page_cgroup(page, NULL);
	unlock_page_cgroup(page);

	mem = pc->mem_cgroup;
	res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE);
	css_put(&mem->css);

	kmem_cache_free(page_cgroup_cache, pc);
	return;
unlock:
	unlock_page_cgroup(page);
}

void mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(struct page *page)
{
	__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(page, MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED);
}

void mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(struct page *page)
{
	VM_BUG_ON(page_mapped(page));
	__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(page, MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE);
}

/*
 * Before starting migration, account against new page.
 */
int mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page, struct page *newpage)
{
	struct page_cgroup *pc;
	struct mem_cgroup *mem = NULL;
	enum charge_type ctype = MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED;
	int ret = 0;

	if (mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
		return 0;

	lock_page_cgroup(page);
	pc = page_get_page_cgroup(page);
	if (pc) {
		mem = pc->mem_cgroup;
		css_get(&mem->css);
		if (pc->flags & PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_CACHE)
			ctype = MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE;
	}
	unlock_page_cgroup(page);
	if (mem) {
		ret = mem_cgroup_charge_common(newpage, NULL, GFP_KERNEL,
			ctype, mem);
		css_put(&mem->css);
	}
	return ret;
}

/* remove redundant charge if migration failed*/
void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct page *newpage)
{
	/*
	 * At success, page->mapping is not NULL.
	 * special rollback care is necessary when
	 * 1. at migration failure. (newpage->mapping is cleared in this case)
	 * 2. the newpage was moved but not remapped again because the task
	 *    exits and the newpage is obsolete. In this case, the new page
	 *    may be a swapcache. So, we just call mem_cgroup_uncharge_page()
	 *    always for avoiding mess. The  page_cgroup will be removed if
	 *    unnecessary. File cache pages is still on radix-tree. Don't
	 *    care it.
	 */
	if (!newpage->mapping)
		__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(newpage,
					 MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_FORCE);
	else if (PageAnon(newpage))
		mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(newpage);
}

/*
 * A call to try to shrink memory usage under specified resource controller.
 * This is typically used for page reclaiming for shmem for reducing side
 * effect of page allocation from shmem, which is used by some mem_cgroup.
 */
int mem_cgroup_shrink_usage(struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *mem;
	int progress = 0;
	int retry = MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_RETRIES;

	if (mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
		return 0;
	if (!mm)
		return 0;

	rcu_read_lock();
	mem = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference(mm->owner));
	if (unlikely(!mem)) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
		return 0;
	}
	css_get(&mem->css);
	rcu_read_unlock();

	do {
		progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem, gfp_mask);
		progress += res_counter_check_under_limit(&mem->res);
	} while (!progress && --retry);

	css_put(&mem->css);
	if (!retry)
		return -ENOMEM;
	return 0;
}

int mem_cgroup_resize_limit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long long val)
{

	int retry_count = MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_RETRIES;
	int progress;
	int ret = 0;

	while (res_counter_set_limit(&memcg->res, val)) {
		if (signal_pending(current)) {
			ret = -EINTR;
			break;
		}
		if (!retry_count) {
			ret = -EBUSY;
			break;
		}
		progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(memcg, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!progress)
			retry_count--;
	}
	return ret;
}


/*
 * This routine traverse page_cgroup in given list and drop them all.
 * *And* this routine doesn't reclaim page itself, just removes page_cgroup.
 */
#define FORCE_UNCHARGE_BATCH	(128)
static void mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
			    struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz,
			    int active)
{
	struct page_cgroup *pc;
	struct page *page;
	int count = FORCE_UNCHARGE_BATCH;
	unsigned long flags;
	struct list_head *list;

	if (active)
		list = &mz->active_list;
	else
		list = &mz->inactive_list;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
	while (!list_empty(list)) {
		pc = list_entry(list->prev, struct page_cgroup, lru);
		page = pc->page;
		get_page(page);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
		/*
		 * Check if this page is on LRU. !LRU page can be found
		 * if it's under page migration.
		 */
		if (PageLRU(page)) {
			__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(page,
					MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_FORCE);
			put_page(page);
			if (--count <= 0) {
				count = FORCE_UNCHARGE_BATCH;
				cond_resched();
			}
		} else
			cond_resched();
		spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
}

/*
 * make mem_cgroup's charge to be 0 if there is no task.
 * This enables deleting this mem_cgroup.
 */
static int mem_cgroup_force_empty(struct mem_cgroup *mem)
{
	int ret = -EBUSY;
	int node, zid;

	css_get(&mem->css);
	/*
	 * page reclaim code (kswapd etc..) will move pages between
	 * active_list <-> inactive_list while we don't take a lock.
	 * So, we have to do loop here until all lists are empty.
	 */
	while (mem->res.usage > 0) {
		if (atomic_read(&mem->css.cgroup->count) > 0)
			goto out;
		for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE)
			for (zid = 0; zid < MAX_NR_ZONES; zid++) {
				struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
				mz = mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(mem, node, zid);
				/* drop all page_cgroup in active_list */
				mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(mem, mz, 1);
				/* drop all page_cgroup in inactive_list */
				mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(mem, mz, 0);
			}
	}
	ret = 0;
out:
	css_put(&mem->css);
	return ret;
}

static u64 mem_cgroup_read(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft)
{
	return res_counter_read_u64(&mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont)->res,
				    cft->private);
}
/*
 * The user of this function is...
 * RES_LIMIT.
 */
static int mem_cgroup_write(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft,
			    const char *buffer)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont);
	unsigned long long val;
	int ret;

	switch (cft->private) {
	case RES_LIMIT:
		/* This function does all necessary parse...reuse it */
		ret = res_counter_memparse_write_strategy(buffer, &val);
		if (!ret)
			ret = mem_cgroup_resize_limit(memcg, val);
		break;
	default:
		ret = -EINVAL; /* should be BUG() ? */
		break;
	}
	return ret;
}

static int mem_cgroup_reset(struct cgroup *cont, unsigned int event)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *mem;

	mem = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont);
	switch (event) {
	case RES_MAX_USAGE:
		res_counter_reset_max(&mem->res);
		break;
	case RES_FAILCNT:
		res_counter_reset_failcnt(&mem->res);
		break;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int mem_force_empty_write(struct cgroup *cont, unsigned int event)
{
	return mem_cgroup_force_empty(mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont));
}

static const struct mem_cgroup_stat_desc {
	const char *msg;
	u64 unit;
} mem_cgroup_stat_desc[] = {
	[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE] = { "cache", PAGE_SIZE, },
	[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_RSS] = { "rss", PAGE_SIZE, },
	[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_PGPGIN_COUNT] = {"pgpgin", 1, },
	[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_PGPGOUT_COUNT] = {"pgpgout", 1, },
};

static int mem_control_stat_show(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft,
				 struct cgroup_map_cb *cb)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont);
	struct mem_cgroup_stat *stat = &mem_cont->stat;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(stat->cpustat[0].count); i++) {
		s64 val;

		val = mem_cgroup_read_stat(stat, i);
		val *= mem_cgroup_stat_desc[i].unit;
		cb->fill(cb, mem_cgroup_stat_desc[i].msg, val);
	}
	/* showing # of active pages */
	{
		unsigned long active, inactive;

		inactive = mem_cgroup_get_all_zonestat(mem_cont,
						MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_INACTIVE);
		active = mem_cgroup_get_all_zonestat(mem_cont,
						MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT_ACTIVE);
		cb->fill(cb, "active", (active) * PAGE_SIZE);
		cb->fill(cb, "inactive", (inactive) * PAGE_SIZE);
	}
	return 0;
}

static struct cftype mem_cgroup_files[] = {
	{
		.name = "usage_in_bytes",
		.private = RES_USAGE,
		.read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read,
	},
	{
		.name = "max_usage_in_bytes",
		.private = RES_MAX_USAGE,
		.trigger = mem_cgroup_reset,
		.read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read,
	},
	{
		.name = "limit_in_bytes",
		.private = RES_LIMIT,
		.write_string = mem_cgroup_write,
		.read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read,
	},
	{
		.name = "failcnt",
		.private = RES_FAILCNT,
		.trigger = mem_cgroup_reset,
		.read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read,
	},
	{
		.name = "force_empty",
		.trigger = mem_force_empty_write,
	},
	{
		.name = "stat",
		.read_map = mem_control_stat_show,
	},
};

static int alloc_mem_cgroup_per_zone_info(struct mem_cgroup *mem, int node)
{
	struct mem_cgroup_per_node *pn;
	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
	int zone, tmp = node;
	/*
	 * This routine is called against possible nodes.
	 * But it's BUG to call kmalloc() against offline node.
	 *
	 * TODO: this routine can waste much memory for nodes which will
	 *       never be onlined. It's better to use memory hotplug callback
	 *       function.
	 */
	if (!node_state(node, N_NORMAL_MEMORY))
		tmp = -1;
	pn = kmalloc_node(sizeof(*pn), GFP_KERNEL, tmp);
	if (!pn)
		return 1;

	mem->info.nodeinfo[node] = pn;
	memset(pn, 0, sizeof(*pn));

	for (zone = 0; zone < MAX_NR_ZONES; zone++) {
		mz = &pn->zoneinfo[zone];
		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mz->active_list);
		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mz->inactive_list);
		spin_lock_init(&mz->lru_lock);
	}
	return 0;
}

static void free_mem_cgroup_per_zone_info(struct mem_cgroup *mem, int node)
{
	kfree(mem->info.nodeinfo[node]);
}

static struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_alloc(void)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *mem;

	if (sizeof(*mem) < PAGE_SIZE)
		mem = kmalloc(sizeof(*mem), GFP_KERNEL);
	else
		mem = vmalloc(sizeof(*mem));

	if (mem)
		memset(mem, 0, sizeof(*mem));
	return mem;
}

static void mem_cgroup_free(struct mem_cgroup *mem)
{
	if (sizeof(*mem) < PAGE_SIZE)
		kfree(mem);
	else
		vfree(mem);
}


static struct cgroup_subsys_state *
mem_cgroup_create(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cont)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *mem;
	int node;

	if (unlikely((cont->parent) == NULL)) {
		mem = &init_mem_cgroup;
		page_cgroup_cache = KMEM_CACHE(page_cgroup, SLAB_PANIC);
	} else {
		mem = mem_cgroup_alloc();
		if (!mem)
			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
	}

	res_counter_init(&mem->res);

	for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE)
		if (alloc_mem_cgroup_per_zone_info(mem, node))
			goto free_out;

	return &mem->css;
free_out:
	for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE)
		free_mem_cgroup_per_zone_info(mem, node);
	if (cont->parent != NULL)
		mem_cgroup_free(mem);
	return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}

static void mem_cgroup_pre_destroy(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
					struct cgroup *cont)
{
	struct mem_cgroup *mem = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont);
	mem_cgroup_force_empty(mem);
}

static void mem_cgroup_destroy(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
				struct cgroup *cont)
{
	int node;
	struct mem_cgroup *mem = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont);

	for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE)
		free_mem_cgroup_per_zone_info(mem, node);

	mem_cgroup_free(mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont));
}

static int mem_cgroup_populate(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
				struct cgroup *cont)
{
	return cgroup_add_files(cont, ss, mem_cgroup_files,
					ARRAY_SIZE(mem_cgroup_files));
}

static void mem_cgroup_move_task(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
				struct cgroup *cont,
				struct cgroup *old_cont,
				struct task_struct *p)
{
	struct mm_struct *mm;
	struct mem_cgroup *mem, *old_mem;

	mm = get_task_mm(p);
	if (mm == NULL)
		return;

	mem = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont);
	old_mem = mem_cgroup_from_cont(old_cont);

	/*
	 * Only thread group leaders are allowed to migrate, the mm_struct is
	 * in effect owned by the leader
	 */
	if (!thread_group_leader(p))
		goto out;

out:
	mmput(mm);
}

struct cgroup_subsys mem_cgroup_subsys = {
	.name = "memory",
	.subsys_id = mem_cgroup_subsys_id,
	.create = mem_cgroup_create,
	.pre_destroy = mem_cgroup_pre_destroy,
	.destroy = mem_cgroup_destroy,
	.populate = mem_cgroup_populate,
	.attach = mem_cgroup_move_task,
	.early_init = 0,
};