Home Home > GIT Browse
summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
blob: 000e7b3b9896f2a9479687befd2442c43193614e (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601

#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <trace/events/writeback.h>

static atomic_long_t bdi_seq = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0);

struct backing_dev_info noop_backing_dev_info = {
	.name		= "noop",
	.capabilities	= BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_AND_WRITEBACK,
};

static struct class *bdi_class;

/*
 * bdi_lock protects updates to bdi_list. bdi_list has RCU reader side
 * locking.
 */
DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bdi_lock);
LIST_HEAD(bdi_list);

/* bdi_wq serves all asynchronous writeback tasks */
struct workqueue_struct *bdi_wq;

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>

static struct dentry *bdi_debug_root;

static void bdi_debug_init(void)
{
	bdi_debug_root = debugfs_create_dir("bdi", NULL);
}

static int bdi_debug_stats_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
	struct backing_dev_info *bdi = m->private;
	struct bdi_writeback *wb = &bdi->wb;
	unsigned long background_thresh;
	unsigned long dirty_thresh;
	unsigned long bdi_thresh;
	unsigned long nr_dirty, nr_io, nr_more_io, nr_dirty_time;
	struct inode *inode;

	nr_dirty = nr_io = nr_more_io = nr_dirty_time = 0;
	spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
	list_for_each_entry(inode, &wb->b_dirty, i_wb_list)
		nr_dirty++;
	list_for_each_entry(inode, &wb->b_io, i_wb_list)
		nr_io++;
	list_for_each_entry(inode, &wb->b_more_io, i_wb_list)
		nr_more_io++;
	list_for_each_entry(inode, &wb->b_dirty_time, i_wb_list)
		if (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME)
			nr_dirty_time++;
	spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);

	global_dirty_limits(&background_thresh, &dirty_thresh);
	bdi_thresh = bdi_dirty_limit(bdi, dirty_thresh);

#define K(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10))
	seq_printf(m,
		   "BdiWriteback:       %10lu kB\n"
		   "BdiReclaimable:     %10lu kB\n"
		   "BdiDirtyThresh:     %10lu kB\n"
		   "DirtyThresh:        %10lu kB\n"
		   "BackgroundThresh:   %10lu kB\n"
		   "BdiDirtied:         %10lu kB\n"
		   "BdiWritten:         %10lu kB\n"
		   "BdiWriteBandwidth:  %10lu kBps\n"
		   "b_dirty:            %10lu\n"
		   "b_io:               %10lu\n"
		   "b_more_io:          %10lu\n"
		   "b_dirty_time:       %10lu\n"
		   "bdi_list:           %10u\n"
		   "state:              %10lx\n",
		   (unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITEBACK)),
		   (unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_RECLAIMABLE)),
		   K(bdi_thresh),
		   K(dirty_thresh),
		   K(background_thresh),
		   (unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_DIRTIED)),
		   (unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITTEN)),
		   (unsigned long) K(bdi->write_bandwidth),
		   nr_dirty,
		   nr_io,
		   nr_more_io,
		   nr_dirty_time,
		   !list_empty(&bdi->bdi_list), bdi->state);
#undef K

	return 0;
}

static int bdi_debug_stats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	return single_open(file, bdi_debug_stats_show, inode->i_private);
}

static const struct file_operations bdi_debug_stats_fops = {
	.open		= bdi_debug_stats_open,
	.read		= seq_read,
	.llseek		= seq_lseek,
	.release	= single_release,
};

static void bdi_debug_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *name)
{
	bdi->debug_dir = debugfs_create_dir(name, bdi_debug_root);
	bdi->debug_stats = debugfs_create_file("stats", 0444, bdi->debug_dir,
					       bdi, &bdi_debug_stats_fops);
}

static void bdi_debug_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	debugfs_remove(bdi->debug_stats);
	debugfs_remove(bdi->debug_dir);
}
#else
static inline void bdi_debug_init(void)
{
}
static inline void bdi_debug_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
				      const char *name)
{
}
static inline void bdi_debug_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
}
#endif

static ssize_t read_ahead_kb_store(struct device *dev,
				  struct device_attribute *attr,
				  const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct backing_dev_info *bdi = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
	unsigned long read_ahead_kb;
	ssize_t ret;

	ret = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &read_ahead_kb);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	bdi->ra_pages = read_ahead_kb >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10);

	return count;
}

#define K(pages) ((pages) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10))

#define BDI_SHOW(name, expr)						\
static ssize_t name##_show(struct device *dev,				\
			   struct device_attribute *attr, char *page)	\
{									\
	struct backing_dev_info *bdi = dev_get_drvdata(dev);		\
									\
	return snprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE-1, "%lld\n", (long long)expr);	\
}									\
static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(name);

BDI_SHOW(read_ahead_kb, K(bdi->ra_pages))

static ssize_t min_ratio_store(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct backing_dev_info *bdi = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
	unsigned int ratio;
	ssize_t ret;

	ret = kstrtouint(buf, 10, &ratio);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	ret = bdi_set_min_ratio(bdi, ratio);
	if (!ret)
		ret = count;

	return ret;
}
BDI_SHOW(min_ratio, bdi->min_ratio)

static ssize_t max_ratio_store(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct backing_dev_info *bdi = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
	unsigned int ratio;
	ssize_t ret;

	ret = kstrtouint(buf, 10, &ratio);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	ret = bdi_set_max_ratio(bdi, ratio);
	if (!ret)
		ret = count;

	return ret;
}
BDI_SHOW(max_ratio, bdi->max_ratio)

static ssize_t stable_pages_required_show(struct device *dev,
					  struct device_attribute *attr,
					  char *page)
{
	struct backing_dev_info *bdi = dev_get_drvdata(dev);

	return snprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE-1, "%d\n",
			bdi_cap_stable_pages_required(bdi) ? 1 : 0);
}
static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(stable_pages_required);

static struct attribute *bdi_dev_attrs[] = {
	&dev_attr_read_ahead_kb.attr,
	&dev_attr_min_ratio.attr,
	&dev_attr_max_ratio.attr,
	&dev_attr_stable_pages_required.attr,
	NULL,
};
ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(bdi_dev);

static __init int bdi_class_init(void)
{
	bdi_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "bdi");
	if (IS_ERR(bdi_class))
		return PTR_ERR(bdi_class);

	bdi_class->dev_groups = bdi_dev_groups;
	bdi_debug_init();
	return 0;
}
postcore_initcall(bdi_class_init);

static int __init default_bdi_init(void)
{
	int err;

	bdi_wq = alloc_workqueue("writeback", WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_FREEZABLE |
					      WQ_UNBOUND | WQ_SYSFS, 0);
	if (!bdi_wq)
		return -ENOMEM;

	err = bdi_init(&noop_backing_dev_info);

	return err;
}
subsys_initcall(default_bdi_init);

int bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	return wb_has_dirty_io(&bdi->wb);
}

/*
 * This function is used when the first inode for this bdi is marked dirty. It
 * wakes-up the corresponding bdi thread which should then take care of the
 * periodic background write-out of dirty inodes. Since the write-out would
 * starts only 'dirty_writeback_interval' centisecs from now anyway, we just
 * set up a timer which wakes the bdi thread up later.
 *
 * Note, we wouldn't bother setting up the timer, but this function is on the
 * fast-path (used by '__mark_inode_dirty()'), so we save few context switches
 * by delaying the wake-up.
 *
 * We have to be careful not to postpone flush work if it is scheduled for
 * earlier. Thus we use queue_delayed_work().
 */
void bdi_wakeup_thread_delayed(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	unsigned long timeout;

	timeout = msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_writeback_interval * 10);
	spin_lock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
	if (test_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state))
		queue_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &bdi->wb.dwork, timeout);
	spin_unlock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
}

/*
 * Remove bdi from bdi_list, and ensure that it is no longer visible
 */
static void bdi_remove_from_list(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
	list_del_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list);
	spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);

	synchronize_rcu_expedited();
}

int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *parent,
		const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list args;
	struct device *dev;

	if (bdi->dev)	/* The driver needs to use separate queues per device */
		return 0;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	dev = device_create_vargs(bdi_class, parent, MKDEV(0, 0), bdi, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
	if (IS_ERR(dev))
		return PTR_ERR(dev);

	bdi->dev = dev;

	bdi_debug_register(bdi, dev_name(dev));
	set_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state);

	spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
	list_add_tail_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_list);
	spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);

	trace_writeback_bdi_register(bdi);
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register);

int bdi_register_dev(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, dev_t dev)
{
	return bdi_register(bdi, NULL, "%u:%u", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register_dev);

/*
 * Remove bdi from the global list and shutdown any threads we have running
 */
static void bdi_wb_shutdown(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	/* Make sure nobody queues further work */
	spin_lock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
	if (!test_and_clear_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state)) {
		spin_unlock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);
		return;
	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&bdi->wb_lock);

	/*
	 * Make sure nobody finds us on the bdi_list anymore
	 */
	bdi_remove_from_list(bdi);

	/*
	 * Drain work list and shutdown the delayed_work.  At this point,
	 * @bdi->bdi_list is empty telling bdi_Writeback_workfn() that @bdi
	 * is dying and its work_list needs to be drained no matter what.
	 */
	mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &bdi->wb.dwork, 0);
	flush_delayed_work(&bdi->wb.dwork);
}

static void bdi_wb_init(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	memset(wb, 0, sizeof(*wb));

	wb->bdi = bdi;
	wb->last_old_flush = jiffies;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_dirty);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_io);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_more_io);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_dirty_time);
	spin_lock_init(&wb->list_lock);
	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&wb->dwork, bdi_writeback_workfn);
}

/*
 * Initial write bandwidth: 100 MB/s
 */
#define INIT_BW		(100 << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT))

int bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	int i, err;

	bdi->dev = NULL;

	bdi->min_ratio = 0;
	bdi->max_ratio = 100;
	bdi->max_prop_frac = FPROP_FRAC_BASE;
	spin_lock_init(&bdi->wb_lock);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->bdi_list);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->work_list);

	bdi_wb_init(&bdi->wb, bdi);

	for (i = 0; i < NR_BDI_STAT_ITEMS; i++) {
		err = percpu_counter_init(&bdi->bdi_stat[i], 0, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (err)
			goto err;
	}

	bdi->dirty_exceeded = 0;

	bdi->bw_time_stamp = jiffies;
	bdi->written_stamp = 0;

	bdi->balanced_dirty_ratelimit = INIT_BW;
	bdi->dirty_ratelimit = INIT_BW;
	bdi->write_bandwidth = INIT_BW;
	bdi->avg_write_bandwidth = INIT_BW;

	err = fprop_local_init_percpu(&bdi->completions, GFP_KERNEL);

	if (err) {
err:
		while (i--)
			percpu_counter_destroy(&bdi->bdi_stat[i]);
	}

	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_init);

void bdi_destroy(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	int i;

	bdi_wb_shutdown(bdi);
	bdi_set_min_ratio(bdi, 0);

	WARN_ON(!list_empty(&bdi->work_list));
	WARN_ON(delayed_work_pending(&bdi->wb.dwork));

	if (bdi->dev) {
		bdi_debug_unregister(bdi);
		device_unregister(bdi->dev);
		bdi->dev = NULL;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < NR_BDI_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
		percpu_counter_destroy(&bdi->bdi_stat[i]);
	fprop_local_destroy_percpu(&bdi->completions);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_destroy);

/*
 * For use from filesystems to quickly init and register a bdi associated
 * with dirty writeback
 */
int bdi_setup_and_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, char *name)
{
	int err;

	bdi->name = name;
	bdi->capabilities = 0;
	err = bdi_init(bdi);
	if (err)
		return err;

	err = bdi_register(bdi, NULL, "%.28s-%ld", name,
			   atomic_long_inc_return(&bdi_seq));
	if (err) {
		bdi_destroy(bdi);
		return err;
	}

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_setup_and_register);

static wait_queue_head_t congestion_wqh[2] = {
		__WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(congestion_wqh[0]),
		__WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(congestion_wqh[1])
	};
static atomic_t nr_bdi_congested[2];

void clear_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync)
{
	enum bdi_state bit;
	wait_queue_head_t *wqh = &congestion_wqh[sync];

	bit = sync ? BDI_sync_congested : BDI_async_congested;
	if (test_and_clear_bit(bit, &bdi->state))
		atomic_dec(&nr_bdi_congested[sync]);
	smp_mb__after_atomic();
	if (waitqueue_active(wqh))
		wake_up(wqh);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(clear_bdi_congested);

void set_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync)
{
	enum bdi_state bit;

	bit = sync ? BDI_sync_congested : BDI_async_congested;
	if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, &bdi->state))
		atomic_inc(&nr_bdi_congested[sync]);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_bdi_congested);

/**
 * congestion_wait - wait for a backing_dev to become uncongested
 * @sync: SYNC or ASYNC IO
 * @timeout: timeout in jiffies
 *
 * Waits for up to @timeout jiffies for a backing_dev (any backing_dev) to exit
 * write congestion.  If no backing_devs are congested then just wait for the
 * next write to be completed.
 */
long congestion_wait(int sync, long timeout)
{
	long ret;
	unsigned long start = jiffies;
	DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
	wait_queue_head_t *wqh = &congestion_wqh[sync];

	prepare_to_wait(wqh, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
	ret = io_schedule_timeout(timeout);
	finish_wait(wqh, &wait);

	trace_writeback_congestion_wait(jiffies_to_usecs(timeout),
					jiffies_to_usecs(jiffies - start));

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(congestion_wait);

/**
 * wait_iff_congested - Conditionally wait for a backing_dev to become uncongested or a zone to complete writes
 * @zone: A zone to check if it is heavily congested
 * @sync: SYNC or ASYNC IO
 * @timeout: timeout in jiffies
 *
 * In the event of a congested backing_dev (any backing_dev) and the given
 * @zone has experienced recent congestion, this waits for up to @timeout
 * jiffies for either a BDI to exit congestion of the given @sync queue
 * or a write to complete.
 *
 * In the absence of zone congestion, cond_resched() is called to yield
 * the processor if necessary but otherwise does not sleep.
 *
 * The return value is 0 if the sleep is for the full timeout. Otherwise,
 * it is the number of jiffies that were still remaining when the function
 * returned. return_value == timeout implies the function did not sleep.
 */
long wait_iff_congested(struct zone *zone, int sync, long timeout)
{
	long ret;
	unsigned long start = jiffies;
	DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
	wait_queue_head_t *wqh = &congestion_wqh[sync];

	/*
	 * If there is no congestion, or heavy congestion is not being
	 * encountered in the current zone, yield if necessary instead
	 * of sleeping on the congestion queue
	 */
	if (atomic_read(&nr_bdi_congested[sync]) == 0 ||
	    !test_bit(ZONE_CONGESTED, &zone->flags)) {
		cond_resched();

		/* In case we scheduled, work out time remaining */
		ret = timeout - (jiffies - start);
		if (ret < 0)
			ret = 0;

		goto out;
	}

	/* Sleep until uncongested or a write happens */
	prepare_to_wait(wqh, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
	ret = io_schedule_timeout(timeout);
	finish_wait(wqh, &wait);

out:
	trace_writeback_wait_iff_congested(jiffies_to_usecs(timeout),
					jiffies_to_usecs(jiffies - start));

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(wait_iff_congested);

int pdflush_proc_obsolete(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
			void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
	char kbuf[] = "0\n";

	if (*ppos || *lenp < sizeof(kbuf)) {
		*lenp = 0;
		return 0;
	}

	if (copy_to_user(buffer, kbuf, sizeof(kbuf)))
		return -EFAULT;
	printk_once(KERN_WARNING "%s exported in /proc is scheduled for removal\n",
			table->procname);

	*lenp = 2;
	*ppos += *lenp;
	return 2;
}