Home Home > GIT Browse
summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
blob: 358446247ccdce01f58a127e08e515d6012d0f4a (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _LINUX_TTY_DRIVER_H
#define _LINUX_TTY_DRIVER_H

/*
 * This structure defines the interface between the low-level tty
 * driver and the tty routines.  The following routines can be
 * defined; unless noted otherwise, they are optional, and can be
 * filled in with a null pointer.
 *
 * struct tty_struct * (*lookup)(struct tty_driver *self, struct file *, int idx)
 *
 *	Return the tty device corresponding to idx, NULL if there is not
 *	one currently in use and an ERR_PTR value on error. Called under
 *	tty_mutex (for now!)
 *
 *	Optional method. Default behaviour is to use the ttys array
 *
 * int (*install)(struct tty_driver *self, struct tty_struct *tty)
 *
 *	Install a new tty into the tty driver internal tables. Used in
 *	conjunction with lookup and remove methods.
 *
 *	Optional method. Default behaviour is to use the ttys array
 *
 * void (*remove)(struct tty_driver *self, struct tty_struct *tty)
 *
 *	Remove a closed tty from the tty driver internal tables. Used in
 *	conjunction with lookup and remove methods.
 *
 *	Optional method. Default behaviour is to use the ttys array
 *
 * int  (*open)(struct tty_struct * tty, struct file * filp);
 *
 * 	This routine is called when a particular tty device is opened.
 * 	This routine is mandatory; if this routine is not filled in,
 * 	the attempted open will fail with ENODEV.
 *
 *	Required method. Called with tty lock held.
 *
 * void (*close)(struct tty_struct * tty, struct file * filp);
 *
 * 	This routine is called when a particular tty device is closed.
 *	Note: called even if the corresponding open() failed.
 *
 *	Required method. Called with tty lock held.
 *
 * void (*shutdown)(struct tty_struct * tty);
 *
 * 	This routine is called under the tty lock when a particular tty device
 *	is closed for the last time. It executes before the tty resources
 *	are freed so may execute while another function holds a tty kref.
 *
 * void (*cleanup)(struct tty_struct * tty);
 *
 *	This routine is called asynchronously when a particular tty device
 *	is closed for the last time freeing up the resources. This is
 *	actually the second part of shutdown for routines that might sleep.
 *
 *
 * int (*write)(struct tty_struct * tty,
 * 		 const unsigned char *buf, int count);
 *
 * 	This routine is called by the kernel to write a series of
 * 	characters to the tty device.  The characters may come from
 * 	user space or kernel space.  This routine will return the
 *	number of characters actually accepted for writing.
 *
 *	Optional: Required for writable devices.
 *
 * int (*put_char)(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned char ch);
 *
 * 	This routine is called by the kernel to write a single
 * 	character to the tty device.  If the kernel uses this routine,
 * 	it must call the flush_chars() routine (if defined) when it is
 * 	done stuffing characters into the driver.  If there is no room
 * 	in the queue, the character is ignored.
 *
 *	Optional: Kernel will use the write method if not provided.
 *
 *	Note: Do not call this function directly, call tty_put_char
 *
 * void (*flush_chars)(struct tty_struct *tty);
 *
 * 	This routine is called by the kernel after it has written a
 * 	series of characters to the tty device using put_char().  
 *
 *	Optional:
 *
 *	Note: Do not call this function directly, call tty_driver_flush_chars
 * 
 * int  (*write_room)(struct tty_struct *tty);
 *
 * 	This routine returns the numbers of characters the tty driver
 * 	will accept for queuing to be written.  This number is subject
 * 	to change as output buffers get emptied, or if the output flow
 *	control is acted.
 *
 *	Required if write method is provided else not needed.
 *
 *	Note: Do not call this function directly, call tty_write_room
 * 
 * int  (*ioctl)(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
 *
 * 	This routine allows the tty driver to implement
 *	device-specific ioctls.  If the ioctl number passed in cmd
 * 	is not recognized by the driver, it should return ENOIOCTLCMD.
 *
 *	Optional
 *
 * long (*compat_ioctl)(struct tty_struct *tty,,
 * 	                unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
 *
 * 	implement ioctl processing for 32 bit process on 64 bit system
 *
 *	Optional
 * 
 * void (*set_termios)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct ktermios * old);
 *
 * 	This routine allows the tty driver to be notified when
 * 	device's termios settings have changed.
 *
 *	Optional: Called under the termios lock
 *
 *
 * void (*set_ldisc)(struct tty_struct *tty);
 *
 * 	This routine allows the tty driver to be notified when the
 * 	device's termios settings have changed.
 *
 *	Optional: Called under BKL (currently)
 * 
 * void (*throttle)(struct tty_struct * tty);
 *
 * 	This routine notifies the tty driver that input buffers for
 * 	the line discipline are close to full, and it should somehow
 * 	signal that no more characters should be sent to the tty.
 *
 *	Optional: Always invoke via tty_throttle(), called under the
 *	termios lock.
 * 
 * void (*unthrottle)(struct tty_struct * tty);
 *
 * 	This routine notifies the tty drivers that it should signals
 * 	that characters can now be sent to the tty without fear of
 * 	overrunning the input buffers of the line disciplines.
 * 
 *	Optional: Always invoke via tty_unthrottle(), called under the
 *	termios lock.
 *
 * void (*stop)(struct tty_struct *tty);
 *
 * 	This routine notifies the tty driver that it should stop
 * 	outputting characters to the tty device.  
 *
 *	Called with ->flow_lock held. Serialized with start() method.
 *
 *	Optional:
 *
 *	Note: Call stop_tty not this method.
 * 
 * void (*start)(struct tty_struct *tty);
 *
 * 	This routine notifies the tty driver that it resume sending
 *	characters to the tty device.
 *
 *	Called with ->flow_lock held. Serialized with stop() method.
 *
 *	Optional:
 *
 *	Note: Call start_tty not this method.
 * 
 * void (*hangup)(struct tty_struct *tty);
 *
 * 	This routine notifies the tty driver that it should hang up the
 * 	tty device.
 *
 *	Optional:
 *
 *	Called with tty lock held.
 *
 * int (*break_ctl)(struct tty_struct *tty, int state);
 *
 * 	This optional routine requests the tty driver to turn on or
 * 	off BREAK status on the RS-232 port.  If state is -1,
 * 	then the BREAK status should be turned on; if state is 0, then
 * 	BREAK should be turned off.
 *
 * 	If this routine is implemented, the high-level tty driver will
 * 	handle the following ioctls: TCSBRK, TCSBRKP, TIOCSBRK,
 * 	TIOCCBRK.
 *
 *	If the driver sets TTY_DRIVER_HARDWARE_BREAK then the interface
 *	will also be called with actual times and the hardware is expected
 *	to do the delay work itself. 0 and -1 are still used for on/off.
 *
 *	Optional: Required for TCSBRK/BRKP/etc handling.
 *
 * void (*wait_until_sent)(struct tty_struct *tty, int timeout);
 * 
 * 	This routine waits until the device has written out all of the
 * 	characters in its transmitter FIFO.
 *
 *	Optional: If not provided the device is assumed to have no FIFO
 *
 *	Note: Usually correct to call tty_wait_until_sent
 *
 * void (*send_xchar)(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch);
 *
 * 	This routine is used to send a high-priority XON/XOFF
 * 	character to the device.
 *
 *	Optional: If not provided then the write method is called under
 *	the atomic write lock to keep it serialized with the ldisc.
 *
 * int (*resize)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize *ws)
 *
 *	Called when a termios request is issued which changes the
 *	requested terminal geometry.
 *
 *	Optional: the default action is to update the termios structure
 *	without error. This is usually the correct behaviour. Drivers should
 *	not force errors here if they are not resizable objects (eg a serial
 *	line). See tty_do_resize() if you need to wrap the standard method
 *	in your own logic - the usual case.
 *
 * void (*set_termiox)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct termiox *new);
 *
 *	Called when the device receives a termiox based ioctl. Passes down
 *	the requested data from user space. This method will not be invoked
 *	unless the tty also has a valid tty->termiox pointer.
 *
 *	Optional: Called under the termios lock
 *
 * int (*get_icount)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct serial_icounter *icount);
 *
 *	Called when the device receives a TIOCGICOUNT ioctl. Passed a kernel
 *	structure to complete. This method is optional and will only be called
 *	if provided (otherwise EINVAL will be returned).
 */

#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/termios.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>

struct tty_struct;
struct tty_driver;
struct serial_icounter_struct;
struct serial_struct;

struct tty_operations {
	struct tty_struct * (*lookup)(struct tty_driver *driver,
			struct file *filp, int idx);
	int  (*install)(struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty);
	void (*remove)(struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty);
	int  (*open)(struct tty_struct * tty, struct file * filp);
	void (*close)(struct tty_struct * tty, struct file * filp);
	void (*shutdown)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	void (*cleanup)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	int  (*write)(struct tty_struct * tty,
		      const unsigned char *buf, int count);
	int  (*put_char)(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned char ch);
	void (*flush_chars)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	int  (*write_room)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	int  (*chars_in_buffer)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	int  (*ioctl)(struct tty_struct *tty,
		    unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
	long (*compat_ioctl)(struct tty_struct *tty,
			     unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
	void (*set_termios)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct ktermios * old);
	void (*throttle)(struct tty_struct * tty);
	void (*unthrottle)(struct tty_struct * tty);
	void (*stop)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	void (*start)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	void (*hangup)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	int (*break_ctl)(struct tty_struct *tty, int state);
	void (*flush_buffer)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	void (*set_ldisc)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	void (*wait_until_sent)(struct tty_struct *tty, int timeout);
	void (*send_xchar)(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch);
	int (*tiocmget)(struct tty_struct *tty);
	int (*tiocmset)(struct tty_struct *tty,
			unsigned int set, unsigned int clear);
	int (*resize)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize *ws);
	int (*set_termiox)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct termiox *tnew);
	int (*get_icount)(struct tty_struct *tty,
				struct serial_icounter_struct *icount);
	int  (*get_serial)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct serial_struct *p);
	int  (*set_serial)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct serial_struct *p);
	void (*show_fdinfo)(struct tty_struct *tty, struct seq_file *m);
#ifdef CONFIG_CONSOLE_POLL
	int (*poll_init)(struct tty_driver *driver, int line, char *options);
	int (*poll_get_char)(struct tty_driver *driver, int line);
	void (*poll_put_char)(struct tty_driver *driver, int line, char ch);
#endif
	int (*proc_show)(struct seq_file *, void *);
} __randomize_layout;

struct tty_driver {
	int	magic;		/* magic number for this structure */
	struct kref kref;	/* Reference management */
	struct cdev **cdevs;
	struct module	*owner;
	const char	*driver_name;
	const char	*name;
	int	name_base;	/* offset of printed name */
	int	major;		/* major device number */
	int	minor_start;	/* start of minor device number */
	unsigned int	num;	/* number of devices allocated */
	short	type;		/* type of tty driver */
	short	subtype;	/* subtype of tty driver */
	struct ktermios init_termios; /* Initial termios */
	unsigned long	flags;		/* tty driver flags */
	struct proc_dir_entry *proc_entry; /* /proc fs entry */
	struct tty_driver *other; /* only used for the PTY driver */

	/*
	 * Pointer to the tty data structures
	 */
	struct tty_struct **ttys;
	struct tty_port **ports;
	struct ktermios **termios;
	void *driver_state;

	/*
	 * Driver methods
	 */

	const struct tty_operations *ops;
	struct list_head tty_drivers;
} __randomize_layout;

extern struct list_head tty_drivers;

extern struct tty_driver *__tty_alloc_driver(unsigned int lines,
		struct module *owner, unsigned long flags);
extern void put_tty_driver(struct tty_driver *driver);
extern void tty_set_operations(struct tty_driver *driver,
			const struct tty_operations *op);
extern struct tty_driver *tty_find_polling_driver(char *name, int *line);

extern void tty_driver_kref_put(struct tty_driver *driver);

/* Use TTY_DRIVER_* flags below */
#define tty_alloc_driver(lines, flags) \
		__tty_alloc_driver(lines, THIS_MODULE, flags)

/*
 * DEPRECATED Do not use this in new code, use tty_alloc_driver instead.
 * (And change the return value checks.)
 */
static inline struct tty_driver *alloc_tty_driver(unsigned int lines)
{
	struct tty_driver *ret = tty_alloc_driver(lines, 0);
	if (IS_ERR(ret))
		return NULL;
	return ret;
}

static inline struct tty_driver *tty_driver_kref_get(struct tty_driver *d)
{
	kref_get(&d->kref);
	return d;
}

/* tty driver magic number */
#define TTY_DRIVER_MAGIC		0x5402

/*
 * tty driver flags
 * 
 * TTY_DRIVER_RESET_TERMIOS --- requests the tty layer to reset the
 * 	termios setting when the last process has closed the device.
 * 	Used for PTY's, in particular.
 * 
 * TTY_DRIVER_REAL_RAW --- if set, indicates that the driver will
 * 	guarantee never not to set any special character handling
 * 	flags if ((IGNBRK || (!BRKINT && !PARMRK)) && (IGNPAR ||
 * 	!INPCK)).  That is, if there is no reason for the driver to
 * 	send notifications of parity and break characters up to the
 * 	line driver, it won't do so.  This allows the line driver to
 *	optimize for this case if this flag is set.  (Note that there
 * 	is also a promise, if the above case is true, not to signal
 * 	overruns, either.)
 *
 * TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_DEV --- if set, the individual tty devices need
 *	to be registered with a call to tty_register_device() when the
 *	device is found in the system and unregistered with a call to
 *	tty_unregister_device() so the devices will be show up
 *	properly in sysfs.  If not set, driver->num entries will be
 *	created by the tty core in sysfs when tty_register_driver() is
 *	called.  This is to be used by drivers that have tty devices
 *	that can appear and disappear while the main tty driver is
 *	registered with the tty core.
 *
 * TTY_DRIVER_DEVPTS_MEM -- don't use the standard arrays, instead
 *	use dynamic memory keyed through the devpts filesystem.  This
 *	is only applicable to the pty driver.
 *
 * TTY_DRIVER_HARDWARE_BREAK -- hardware handles break signals. Pass
 *	the requested timeout to the caller instead of using a simple
 *	on/off interface.
 *
 * TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_ALLOC -- do not allocate structures which are
 *	needed per line for this driver as it would waste memory.
 *	The driver will take care.
 *
 * TTY_DRIVER_UNNUMBERED_NODE -- do not create numbered /dev nodes. In
 *	other words create /dev/ttyprintk and not /dev/ttyprintk0.
 *	Applicable only when a driver for a single tty device is
 *	being allocated.
 */
#define TTY_DRIVER_INSTALLED		0x0001
#define TTY_DRIVER_RESET_TERMIOS	0x0002
#define TTY_DRIVER_REAL_RAW		0x0004
#define TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_DEV		0x0008
#define TTY_DRIVER_DEVPTS_MEM		0x0010
#define TTY_DRIVER_HARDWARE_BREAK	0x0020
#define TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_ALLOC	0x0040
#define TTY_DRIVER_UNNUMBERED_NODE	0x0080

/* tty driver types */
#define TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_SYSTEM		0x0001
#define TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_CONSOLE		0x0002
#define TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_SERIAL		0x0003
#define TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY		0x0004
#define TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_SCC		0x0005	/* scc driver */
#define TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_SYSCONS		0x0006

/* system subtypes (magic, used by tty_io.c) */
#define SYSTEM_TYPE_TTY			0x0001
#define SYSTEM_TYPE_CONSOLE		0x0002
#define SYSTEM_TYPE_SYSCONS		0x0003
#define SYSTEM_TYPE_SYSPTMX		0x0004

/* pty subtypes (magic, used by tty_io.c) */
#define PTY_TYPE_MASTER			0x0001
#define PTY_TYPE_SLAVE			0x0002

/* serial subtype definitions */
#define SERIAL_TYPE_NORMAL	1

#endif /* #ifdef _LINUX_TTY_DRIVER_H */