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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _LINUX_PIPE_FS_I_H
#define _LINUX_PIPE_FS_I_H

#define PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS	16

#define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_LRU	0x01	/* page is on the LRU */
#define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_ATOMIC	0x02	/* was atomically mapped */
#define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_GIFT	0x04	/* page is a gift */
#define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_PACKET	0x08	/* read() as a packet */

/**
 *	struct pipe_buffer - a linux kernel pipe buffer
 *	@page: the page containing the data for the pipe buffer
 *	@offset: offset of data inside the @page
 *	@len: length of data inside the @page
 *	@ops: operations associated with this buffer. See @pipe_buf_operations.
 *	@flags: pipe buffer flags. See above.
 *	@private: private data owned by the ops.
 **/
struct pipe_buffer {
	struct page *page;
	unsigned int offset, len;
	const struct pipe_buf_operations *ops;
	unsigned int flags;
	unsigned long private;
};

/**
 *	struct pipe_inode_info - a linux kernel pipe
 *	@mutex: mutex protecting the whole thing
 *	@wait: reader/writer wait point in case of empty/full pipe
 *	@nrbufs: the number of non-empty pipe buffers in this pipe
 *	@buffers: total number of buffers (should be a power of 2)
 *	@curbuf: the current pipe buffer entry
 *	@tmp_page: cached released page
 *	@readers: number of current readers of this pipe
 *	@writers: number of current writers of this pipe
 *	@files: number of struct file referring this pipe (protected by ->i_lock)
 *	@waiting_writers: number of writers blocked waiting for room
 *	@r_counter: reader counter
 *	@w_counter: writer counter
 *	@fasync_readers: reader side fasync
 *	@fasync_writers: writer side fasync
 *	@bufs: the circular array of pipe buffers
 *	@user: the user who created this pipe
 **/
struct pipe_inode_info {
	struct mutex mutex;
	wait_queue_head_t wait;
	unsigned int nrbufs, curbuf, buffers;
	unsigned int readers;
	unsigned int writers;
	unsigned int files;
	unsigned int waiting_writers;
	unsigned int r_counter;
	unsigned int w_counter;
	struct page *tmp_page;
	struct fasync_struct *fasync_readers;
	struct fasync_struct *fasync_writers;
	struct pipe_buffer *bufs;
	struct user_struct *user;
};

/*
 * Note on the nesting of these functions:
 *
 * ->confirm()
 *	->steal()
 *
 * That is, ->steal() must be called on a confirmed buffer.
 * See below for the meaning of each operation. Also see kerneldoc
 * in fs/pipe.c for the pipe and generic variants of these hooks.
 */
struct pipe_buf_operations {
	/*
	 * ->confirm() verifies that the data in the pipe buffer is there
	 * and that the contents are good. If the pages in the pipe belong
	 * to a file system, we may need to wait for IO completion in this
	 * hook. Returns 0 for good, or a negative error value in case of
	 * error.
	 */
	int (*confirm)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *);

	/*
	 * When the contents of this pipe buffer has been completely
	 * consumed by a reader, ->release() is called.
	 */
	void (*release)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *);

	/*
	 * Attempt to take ownership of the pipe buffer and its contents.
	 * ->steal() returns 0 for success, in which case the contents
	 * of the pipe (the buf->page) is locked and now completely owned
	 * by the caller. The page may then be transferred to a different
	 * mapping, the most often used case is insertion into different
	 * file address space cache.
	 */
	int (*steal)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *);

	/*
	 * Get a reference to the pipe buffer.
	 */
	bool (*get)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *);
};

/**
 * pipe_buf_get - get a reference to a pipe_buffer
 * @pipe:	the pipe that the buffer belongs to
 * @buf:	the buffer to get a reference to
 *
 * Return: %true if the reference was successfully obtained.
 */
static inline __must_check bool pipe_buf_get(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe,
				struct pipe_buffer *buf)
{
	return buf->ops->get(pipe, buf);
}

/**
 * pipe_buf_release - put a reference to a pipe_buffer
 * @pipe:	the pipe that the buffer belongs to
 * @buf:	the buffer to put a reference to
 */
static inline void pipe_buf_release(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe,
				    struct pipe_buffer *buf)
{
	const struct pipe_buf_operations *ops = buf->ops;

	buf->ops = NULL;
	ops->release(pipe, buf);
}

/**
 * pipe_buf_confirm - verify contents of the pipe buffer
 * @pipe:	the pipe that the buffer belongs to
 * @buf:	the buffer to confirm
 */
static inline int pipe_buf_confirm(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe,
				   struct pipe_buffer *buf)
{
	return buf->ops->confirm(pipe, buf);
}

/**
 * pipe_buf_steal - attempt to take ownership of a pipe_buffer
 * @pipe:	the pipe that the buffer belongs to
 * @buf:	the buffer to attempt to steal
 */
static inline int pipe_buf_steal(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe,
				 struct pipe_buffer *buf)
{
	return buf->ops->steal(pipe, buf);
}

/* Differs from PIPE_BUF in that PIPE_SIZE is the length of the actual
   memory allocation, whereas PIPE_BUF makes atomicity guarantees.  */
#define PIPE_SIZE		PAGE_SIZE

/* Pipe lock and unlock operations */
void pipe_lock(struct pipe_inode_info *);
void pipe_unlock(struct pipe_inode_info *);
void pipe_double_lock(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_inode_info *);

extern unsigned int pipe_max_size;
extern unsigned long pipe_user_pages_hard;
extern unsigned long pipe_user_pages_soft;

/* Drop the inode semaphore and wait for a pipe event, atomically */
void pipe_wait(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe);

struct pipe_inode_info *alloc_pipe_info(void);
void free_pipe_info(struct pipe_inode_info *);

/* Generic pipe buffer ops functions */
bool generic_pipe_buf_get(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *);
int generic_pipe_buf_confirm(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *);
int generic_pipe_buf_steal(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *);
int generic_pipe_buf_nosteal(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *);
void generic_pipe_buf_release(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *);
void pipe_buf_mark_unmergeable(struct pipe_buffer *buf);

extern const struct pipe_buf_operations nosteal_pipe_buf_ops;

/* for F_SETPIPE_SZ and F_GETPIPE_SZ */
long pipe_fcntl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long arg);
struct pipe_inode_info *get_pipe_info(struct file *file);

int create_pipe_files(struct file **, int);
unsigned int round_pipe_size(unsigned long size);

#endif