Home Home > GIT Browse
summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
blob: 1361637c369dd06ed7ed869078450ca6c9be7444 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
/*
 * i2c.h - definitions for the Linux i2c bus interface
 * Copyright (C) 1995-2000 Simon G. Vogl
 * Copyright (C) 2013-2019 Wolfram Sang <wsa@the-dreams.de>
 *
 * With some changes from Kyösti Mälkki <kmalkki@cc.hut.fi> and
 * Frodo Looijaard <frodol@dds.nl>
 */
#ifndef _LINUX_I2C_H
#define _LINUX_I2C_H

#include <linux/acpi.h>		/* for acpi_handle */
#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
#include <linux/device.h>	/* for struct device */
#include <linux/sched.h>	/* for completion */
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/rtmutex.h>
#include <linux/irqdomain.h>		/* for Host Notify IRQ */
#include <linux/of.h>		/* for struct device_node */
#include <linux/swab.h>		/* for swab16 */
#include <uapi/linux/i2c.h>

extern struct bus_type i2c_bus_type;
extern struct device_type i2c_adapter_type;
extern struct device_type i2c_client_type;

/* --- General options ------------------------------------------------	*/

struct i2c_msg;
struct i2c_algorithm;
struct i2c_adapter;
struct i2c_client;
struct i2c_driver;
struct i2c_device_identity;
union i2c_smbus_data;
struct i2c_board_info;
enum i2c_slave_event;
typedef int (*i2c_slave_cb_t)(struct i2c_client *client,
			      enum i2c_slave_event event, u8 *val);

struct module;
struct property_entry;

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C)
/*
 * The master routines are the ones normally used to transmit data to devices
 * on a bus (or read from them). Apart from two basic transfer functions to
 * transmit one message at a time, a more complex version can be used to
 * transmit an arbitrary number of messages without interruption.
 * @count must be be less than 64k since msg.len is u16.
 */
extern int i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(const struct i2c_client *client,
				     char *buf, int count, u16 flags);

/**
 * i2c_master_recv - issue a single I2C message in master receive mode
 * @client: Handle to slave device
 * @buf: Where to store data read from slave
 * @count: How many bytes to read, must be less than 64k since msg.len is u16
 *
 * Returns negative errno, or else the number of bytes read.
 */
static inline int i2c_master_recv(const struct i2c_client *client,
				  char *buf, int count)
{
	return i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(client, buf, count, I2C_M_RD);
};

/**
 * i2c_master_recv_dmasafe - issue a single I2C message in master receive mode
 *			     using a DMA safe buffer
 * @client: Handle to slave device
 * @buf: Where to store data read from slave, must be safe to use with DMA
 * @count: How many bytes to read, must be less than 64k since msg.len is u16
 *
 * Returns negative errno, or else the number of bytes read.
 */
static inline int i2c_master_recv_dmasafe(const struct i2c_client *client,
					  char *buf, int count)
{
	return i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(client, buf, count,
					 I2C_M_RD | I2C_M_DMA_SAFE);
};

/**
 * i2c_master_send - issue a single I2C message in master transmit mode
 * @client: Handle to slave device
 * @buf: Data that will be written to the slave
 * @count: How many bytes to write, must be less than 64k since msg.len is u16
 *
 * Returns negative errno, or else the number of bytes written.
 */
static inline int i2c_master_send(const struct i2c_client *client,
				  const char *buf, int count)
{
	return i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(client, (char *)buf, count, 0);
};

/**
 * i2c_master_send_dmasafe - issue a single I2C message in master transmit mode
 *			     using a DMA safe buffer
 * @client: Handle to slave device
 * @buf: Data that will be written to the slave, must be safe to use with DMA
 * @count: How many bytes to write, must be less than 64k since msg.len is u16
 *
 * Returns negative errno, or else the number of bytes written.
 */
static inline int i2c_master_send_dmasafe(const struct i2c_client *client,
					  const char *buf, int count)
{
	return i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(client, (char *)buf, count,
					 I2C_M_DMA_SAFE);
};

/* Transfer num messages.
 */
extern int i2c_transfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msgs,
			int num);
/* Unlocked flavor */
extern int __i2c_transfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msgs,
			  int num);

/* This is the very generalized SMBus access routine. You probably do not
   want to use this, though; one of the functions below may be much easier,
   and probably just as fast.
   Note that we use i2c_adapter here, because you do not need a specific
   smbus adapter to call this function. */
s32 i2c_smbus_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, u16 addr,
		   unsigned short flags, char read_write, u8 command,
		   int protocol, union i2c_smbus_data *data);

/* Unlocked flavor */
s32 __i2c_smbus_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, u16 addr,
		     unsigned short flags, char read_write, u8 command,
		     int protocol, union i2c_smbus_data *data);

/* Now follow the 'nice' access routines. These also document the calling
   conventions of i2c_smbus_xfer. */

extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_byte(const struct i2c_client *client);
extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_byte(const struct i2c_client *client, u8 value);
extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
				    u8 command);
extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
				     u8 command, u8 value);
extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_word_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
				    u8 command);
extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_word_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
				     u8 command, u16 value);

static inline s32
i2c_smbus_read_word_swapped(const struct i2c_client *client, u8 command)
{
	s32 value = i2c_smbus_read_word_data(client, command);

	return (value < 0) ? value : swab16(value);
}

static inline s32
i2c_smbus_write_word_swapped(const struct i2c_client *client,
			     u8 command, u16 value)
{
	return i2c_smbus_write_word_data(client, command, swab16(value));
}

/* Returns the number of read bytes */
extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_block_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
				     u8 command, u8 *values);
extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_block_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
				      u8 command, u8 length, const u8 *values);
/* Returns the number of read bytes */
extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_i2c_block_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
					 u8 command, u8 length, u8 *values);
extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_i2c_block_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
					  u8 command, u8 length,
					  const u8 *values);
extern s32
i2c_smbus_read_i2c_block_data_or_emulated(const struct i2c_client *client,
					  u8 command, u8 length, u8 *values);
int i2c_get_device_id(const struct i2c_client *client,
		      struct i2c_device_identity *id);
#endif /* I2C */

/**
 * struct i2c_device_identity - i2c client device identification
 * @manufacturer_id: 0 - 4095, database maintained by NXP
 * @part_id: 0 - 511, according to manufacturer
 * @die_revision: 0 - 7, according to manufacturer
 */
struct i2c_device_identity {
	u16 manufacturer_id;
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NXP_SEMICONDUCTORS                0
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NXP_SEMICONDUCTORS_1              1
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NXP_SEMICONDUCTORS_2              2
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NXP_SEMICONDUCTORS_3              3
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_RAMTRON_INTERNATIONAL             4
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_ANALOG_DEVICES                    5
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_STMICROELECTRONICS                6
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_ON_SEMICONDUCTOR                  7
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_SPRINTEK_CORPORATION              8
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_ESPROS_PHOTONICS_AG               9
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_FUJITSU_SEMICONDUCTOR            10
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_FLIR                             11
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_O2MICRO                          12
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_ATMEL                            13
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NONE                         0xffff
	u16 part_id;
	u8 die_revision;
};

enum i2c_alert_protocol {
	I2C_PROTOCOL_SMBUS_ALERT,
	I2C_PROTOCOL_SMBUS_HOST_NOTIFY,
};

/**
 * struct i2c_driver - represent an I2C device driver
 * @class: What kind of i2c device we instantiate (for detect)
 * @probe: Callback for device binding - soon to be deprecated
 * @probe_new: New callback for device binding
 * @remove: Callback for device unbinding
 * @shutdown: Callback for device shutdown
 * @alert: Alert callback, for example for the SMBus alert protocol
 * @command: Callback for bus-wide signaling (optional)
 * @driver: Device driver model driver
 * @id_table: List of I2C devices supported by this driver
 * @detect: Callback for device detection
 * @address_list: The I2C addresses to probe (for detect)
 * @clients: List of detected clients we created (for i2c-core use only)
 * @disable_i2c_core_irq_mapping: Tell the i2c-core to not do irq-mapping
 *
 * The driver.owner field should be set to the module owner of this driver.
 * The driver.name field should be set to the name of this driver.
 *
 * For automatic device detection, both @detect and @address_list must
 * be defined. @class should also be set, otherwise only devices forced
 * with module parameters will be created. The detect function must
 * fill at least the name field of the i2c_board_info structure it is
 * handed upon successful detection, and possibly also the flags field.
 *
 * If @detect is missing, the driver will still work fine for enumerated
 * devices. Detected devices simply won't be supported. This is expected
 * for the many I2C/SMBus devices which can't be detected reliably, and
 * the ones which can always be enumerated in practice.
 *
 * The i2c_client structure which is handed to the @detect callback is
 * not a real i2c_client. It is initialized just enough so that you can
 * call i2c_smbus_read_byte_data and friends on it. Don't do anything
 * else with it. In particular, calling dev_dbg and friends on it is
 * not allowed.
 */
struct i2c_driver {
	unsigned int class;

	/* Standard driver model interfaces */
	int (*probe)(struct i2c_client *client, const struct i2c_device_id *id);
	int (*remove)(struct i2c_client *client);

	/* New driver model interface to aid the seamless removal of the
	 * current probe()'s, more commonly unused than used second parameter.
	 */
	int (*probe_new)(struct i2c_client *client);

	/* driver model interfaces that don't relate to enumeration  */
	void (*shutdown)(struct i2c_client *client);

	/* Alert callback, for example for the SMBus alert protocol.
	 * The format and meaning of the data value depends on the protocol.
	 * For the SMBus alert protocol, there is a single bit of data passed
	 * as the alert response's low bit ("event flag").
	 * For the SMBus Host Notify protocol, the data corresponds to the
	 * 16-bit payload data reported by the slave device acting as master.
	 */
	void (*alert)(struct i2c_client *client, enum i2c_alert_protocol protocol,
		      unsigned int data);

	/* a ioctl like command that can be used to perform specific functions
	 * with the device.
	 */
	int (*command)(struct i2c_client *client, unsigned int cmd, void *arg);

	struct device_driver driver;
	const struct i2c_device_id *id_table;

	/* Device detection callback for automatic device creation */
	int (*detect)(struct i2c_client *client, struct i2c_board_info *info);
	const unsigned short *address_list;
	struct list_head clients;

	bool disable_i2c_core_irq_mapping;
};
#define to_i2c_driver(d) container_of(d, struct i2c_driver, driver)

/**
 * struct i2c_client - represent an I2C slave device
 * @flags: see I2C_CLIENT_* for possible flags
 * @addr: Address used on the I2C bus connected to the parent adapter.
 * @name: Indicates the type of the device, usually a chip name that's
 *	generic enough to hide second-sourcing and compatible revisions.
 * @adapter: manages the bus segment hosting this I2C device
 * @dev: Driver model device node for the slave.
 * @irq: indicates the IRQ generated by this device (if any)
 * @detected: member of an i2c_driver.clients list or i2c-core's
 *	userspace_devices list
 * @slave_cb: Callback when I2C slave mode of an adapter is used. The adapter
 *	calls it to pass on slave events to the slave driver.
 *
 * An i2c_client identifies a single device (i.e. chip) connected to an
 * i2c bus. The behaviour exposed to Linux is defined by the driver
 * managing the device.
 */
struct i2c_client {
	unsigned short flags;		/* div., see below		*/
#define I2C_CLIENT_PEC		0x04	/* Use Packet Error Checking */
#define I2C_CLIENT_TEN		0x10	/* we have a ten bit chip address */
					/* Must equal I2C_M_TEN below */
#define I2C_CLIENT_SLAVE	0x20	/* we are the slave */
#define I2C_CLIENT_HOST_NOTIFY	0x40	/* We want to use I2C host notify */
#define I2C_CLIENT_WAKE		0x80	/* for board_info; true iff can wake */
#define I2C_CLIENT_SCCB		0x9000	/* Use Omnivision SCCB protocol */
					/* Must match I2C_M_STOP|IGNORE_NAK */

	unsigned short addr;		/* chip address - NOTE: 7bit	*/
					/* addresses are stored in the	*/
					/* _LOWER_ 7 bits		*/
	char name[I2C_NAME_SIZE];
	struct i2c_adapter *adapter;	/* the adapter we sit on	*/
	struct device dev;		/* the device structure		*/
	int init_irq;			/* irq set at initialization	*/
	int irq;			/* irq issued by device		*/
	struct list_head detected;
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
	i2c_slave_cb_t slave_cb;	/* callback for slave mode	*/
#endif
};
#define to_i2c_client(d) container_of(d, struct i2c_client, dev)

extern struct i2c_client *i2c_verify_client(struct device *dev);
extern struct i2c_adapter *i2c_verify_adapter(struct device *dev);
extern const struct i2c_device_id *i2c_match_id(const struct i2c_device_id *id,
					const struct i2c_client *client);

static inline struct i2c_client *kobj_to_i2c_client(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct device * const dev = container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj);
	return to_i2c_client(dev);
}

static inline void *i2c_get_clientdata(const struct i2c_client *dev)
{
	return dev_get_drvdata(&dev->dev);
}

static inline void i2c_set_clientdata(struct i2c_client *dev, void *data)
{
	dev_set_drvdata(&dev->dev, data);
}

/* I2C slave support */

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
enum i2c_slave_event {
	I2C_SLAVE_READ_REQUESTED,
	I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED,
	I2C_SLAVE_READ_PROCESSED,
	I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED,
	I2C_SLAVE_STOP,
};

extern int i2c_slave_register(struct i2c_client *client, i2c_slave_cb_t slave_cb);
extern int i2c_slave_unregister(struct i2c_client *client);
extern bool i2c_detect_slave_mode(struct device *dev);

static inline int i2c_slave_event(struct i2c_client *client,
				  enum i2c_slave_event event, u8 *val)
{
	return client->slave_cb(client, event, val);
}
#else
static inline bool i2c_detect_slave_mode(struct device *dev) { return false; }
#endif

/**
 * struct i2c_board_info - template for device creation
 * @type: chip type, to initialize i2c_client.name
 * @flags: to initialize i2c_client.flags
 * @addr: stored in i2c_client.addr
 * @dev_name: Overrides the default <busnr>-<addr> dev_name if set
 * @platform_data: stored in i2c_client.dev.platform_data
 * @of_node: pointer to OpenFirmware device node
 * @fwnode: device node supplied by the platform firmware
 * @properties: additional device properties for the device
 * @resources: resources associated with the device
 * @num_resources: number of resources in the @resources array
 * @irq: stored in i2c_client.irq
 *
 * I2C doesn't actually support hardware probing, although controllers and
 * devices may be able to use I2C_SMBUS_QUICK to tell whether or not there's
 * a device at a given address.  Drivers commonly need more information than
 * that, such as chip type, configuration, associated IRQ, and so on.
 *
 * i2c_board_info is used to build tables of information listing I2C devices
 * that are present.  This information is used to grow the driver model tree.
 * For mainboards this is done statically using i2c_register_board_info();
 * bus numbers identify adapters that aren't yet available.  For add-on boards,
 * i2c_new_device() does this dynamically with the adapter already known.
 */
struct i2c_board_info {
	char		type[I2C_NAME_SIZE];
	unsigned short	flags;
	unsigned short	addr;
	const char	*dev_name;
	void		*platform_data;
	struct device_node *of_node;
	struct fwnode_handle *fwnode;
	const struct property_entry *properties;
	const struct resource *resources;
	unsigned int	num_resources;
	int		irq;
};

/**
 * I2C_BOARD_INFO - macro used to list an i2c device and its address
 * @dev_type: identifies the device type
 * @dev_addr: the device's address on the bus.
 *
 * This macro initializes essential fields of a struct i2c_board_info,
 * declaring what has been provided on a particular board.  Optional
 * fields (such as associated irq, or device-specific platform_data)
 * are provided using conventional syntax.
 */
#define I2C_BOARD_INFO(dev_type, dev_addr) \
	.type = dev_type, .addr = (dev_addr)


#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C)
/* Add-on boards should register/unregister their devices; e.g. a board
 * with integrated I2C, a config eeprom, sensors, and a codec that's
 * used in conjunction with the primary hardware.
 */
extern struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_device(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_board_info const *info);

extern struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_client_device(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_board_info const *info);

/* If you don't know the exact address of an I2C device, use this variant
 * instead, which can probe for device presence in a list of possible
 * addresses. The "probe" callback function is optional. If it is provided,
 * it must return 1 on successful probe, 0 otherwise. If it is not provided,
 * a default probing method is used.
 */
extern struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_probed_device(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
		      struct i2c_board_info *info,
		      unsigned short const *addr_list,
		      int (*probe)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, unsigned short addr));

/* Common custom probe functions */
extern int i2c_probe_func_quick_read(struct i2c_adapter *adap, unsigned short addr);

/* For devices that use several addresses, use i2c_new_dummy() to make
 * client handles for the extra addresses.
 */
extern struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_dummy(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 address);

extern struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_dummy_device(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, u16 address);

extern struct i2c_client *
devm_i2c_new_dummy_device(struct device *dev, struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 address);

extern struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_ancillary_device(struct i2c_client *client,
				const char *name,
				u16 default_addr);

extern void i2c_unregister_device(struct i2c_client *client);
#endif /* I2C */

/* Mainboard arch_initcall() code should register all its I2C devices.
 * This is done at arch_initcall time, before declaring any i2c adapters.
 * Modules for add-on boards must use other calls.
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_I2C_BOARDINFO
extern int
i2c_register_board_info(int busnum, struct i2c_board_info const *info,
			unsigned n);
#else
static inline int
i2c_register_board_info(int busnum, struct i2c_board_info const *info,
			unsigned n)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif /* I2C_BOARDINFO */

/**
 * struct i2c_algorithm - represent I2C transfer method
 * @master_xfer: Issue a set of i2c transactions to the given I2C adapter
 *   defined by the msgs array, with num messages available to transfer via
 *   the adapter specified by adap.
 * @master_xfer_atomic: same as @master_xfer. Yet, only using atomic context
 *   so e.g. PMICs can be accessed very late before shutdown. Optional.
 * @smbus_xfer: Issue smbus transactions to the given I2C adapter. If this
 *   is not present, then the bus layer will try and convert the SMBus calls
 *   into I2C transfers instead.
 * @smbus_xfer_atomic: same as @smbus_xfer. Yet, only using atomic context
 *   so e.g. PMICs can be accessed very late before shutdown. Optional.
 * @functionality: Return the flags that this algorithm/adapter pair supports
 *   from the I2C_FUNC_* flags.
 * @reg_slave: Register given client to I2C slave mode of this adapter
 * @unreg_slave: Unregister given client from I2C slave mode of this adapter
 *
 * The following structs are for those who like to implement new bus drivers:
 * i2c_algorithm is the interface to a class of hardware solutions which can
 * be addressed using the same bus algorithms - i.e. bit-banging or the PCF8584
 * to name two of the most common.
 *
 * The return codes from the @master_xfer{_atomic} fields should indicate the
 * type of error code that occurred during the transfer, as documented in the
 * Kernel Documentation file Documentation/i2c/fault-codes.rst.
 */
struct i2c_algorithm {
	/*
	 * If an adapter algorithm can't do I2C-level access, set master_xfer
	 * to NULL. If an adapter algorithm can do SMBus access, set
	 * smbus_xfer. If set to NULL, the SMBus protocol is simulated
	 * using common I2C messages.
	 *
	 * master_xfer should return the number of messages successfully
	 * processed, or a negative value on error
	 */
	int (*master_xfer)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msgs,
			   int num);
	int (*master_xfer_atomic)(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
				   struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num);
	int (*smbus_xfer)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 addr,
			  unsigned short flags, char read_write,
			  u8 command, int size, union i2c_smbus_data *data);
	int (*smbus_xfer_atomic)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 addr,
				 unsigned short flags, char read_write,
				 u8 command, int size, union i2c_smbus_data *data);

	/* To determine what the adapter supports */
	u32 (*functionality)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
	int (*reg_slave)(struct i2c_client *client);
	int (*unreg_slave)(struct i2c_client *client);
#endif
};

/**
 * struct i2c_lock_operations - represent I2C locking operations
 * @lock_bus: Get exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @trylock_bus: Try to get exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @unlock_bus: Release exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 *
 * The main operations are wrapped by i2c_lock_bus and i2c_unlock_bus.
 */
struct i2c_lock_operations {
	void (*lock_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags);
	int (*trylock_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags);
	void (*unlock_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags);
};

/**
 * struct i2c_timings - I2C timing information
 * @bus_freq_hz: the bus frequency in Hz
 * @scl_rise_ns: time SCL signal takes to rise in ns; t(r) in the I2C specification
 * @scl_fall_ns: time SCL signal takes to fall in ns; t(f) in the I2C specification
 * @scl_int_delay_ns: time IP core additionally needs to setup SCL in ns
 * @sda_fall_ns: time SDA signal takes to fall in ns; t(f) in the I2C specification
 * @sda_hold_ns: time IP core additionally needs to hold SDA in ns
 */
struct i2c_timings {
	u32 bus_freq_hz;
	u32 scl_rise_ns;
	u32 scl_fall_ns;
	u32 scl_int_delay_ns;
	u32 sda_fall_ns;
	u32 sda_hold_ns;
};

/**
 * struct i2c_bus_recovery_info - I2C bus recovery information
 * @recover_bus: Recover routine. Either pass driver's recover_bus() routine, or
 *	i2c_generic_scl_recovery().
 * @get_scl: This gets current value of SCL line. Mandatory for generic SCL
 *      recovery. Populated internally for generic GPIO recovery.
 * @set_scl: This sets/clears the SCL line. Mandatory for generic SCL recovery.
 *      Populated internally for generic GPIO recovery.
 * @get_sda: This gets current value of SDA line. This or set_sda() is mandatory
 *	for generic SCL recovery. Populated internally, if sda_gpio is a valid
 *	GPIO, for generic GPIO recovery.
 * @set_sda: This sets/clears the SDA line. This or get_sda() is mandatory for
 *	generic SCL recovery. Populated internally, if sda_gpio is a valid GPIO,
 *	for generic GPIO recovery.
 * @get_bus_free: Returns the bus free state as seen from the IP core in case it
 *	has a more complex internal logic than just reading SDA. Optional.
 * @prepare_recovery: This will be called before starting recovery. Platform may
 *	configure padmux here for SDA/SCL line or something else they want.
 * @unprepare_recovery: This will be called after completing recovery. Platform
 *	may configure padmux here for SDA/SCL line or something else they want.
 * @scl_gpiod: gpiod of the SCL line. Only required for GPIO recovery.
 * @sda_gpiod: gpiod of the SDA line. Only required for GPIO recovery.
 */
struct i2c_bus_recovery_info {
	int (*recover_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

	int (*get_scl)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
	void (*set_scl)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, int val);
	int (*get_sda)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
	void (*set_sda)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, int val);
	int (*get_bus_free)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

	void (*prepare_recovery)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
	void (*unprepare_recovery)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

	/* gpio recovery */
	struct gpio_desc *scl_gpiod;
	struct gpio_desc *sda_gpiod;
};

int i2c_recover_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

/* Generic recovery routines */
int i2c_generic_scl_recovery(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

/**
 * struct i2c_adapter_quirks - describe flaws of an i2c adapter
 * @flags: see I2C_AQ_* for possible flags and read below
 * @max_num_msgs: maximum number of messages per transfer
 * @max_write_len: maximum length of a write message
 * @max_read_len: maximum length of a read message
 * @max_comb_1st_msg_len: maximum length of the first msg in a combined message
 * @max_comb_2nd_msg_len: maximum length of the second msg in a combined message
 *
 * Note about combined messages: Some I2C controllers can only send one message
 * per transfer, plus something called combined message or write-then-read.
 * This is (usually) a small write message followed by a read message and
 * barely enough to access register based devices like EEPROMs. There is a flag
 * to support this mode. It implies max_num_msg = 2 and does the length checks
 * with max_comb_*_len because combined message mode usually has its own
 * limitations. Because of HW implementations, some controllers can actually do
 * write-then-anything or other variants. To support that, write-then-read has
 * been broken out into smaller bits like write-first and read-second which can
 * be combined as needed.
 */

struct i2c_adapter_quirks {
	u64 flags;
	int max_num_msgs;
	u16 max_write_len;
	u16 max_read_len;
	u16 max_comb_1st_msg_len;
	u16 max_comb_2nd_msg_len;
};

/* enforce max_num_msgs = 2 and use max_comb_*_len for length checks */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB			BIT(0)
/* first combined message must be write */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB_WRITE_FIRST		BIT(1)
/* second combined message must be read */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB_READ_SECOND		BIT(2)
/* both combined messages must have the same target address */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB_SAME_ADDR		BIT(3)
/* convenience macro for typical write-then read case */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB_WRITE_THEN_READ	(I2C_AQ_COMB | I2C_AQ_COMB_WRITE_FIRST | \
					 I2C_AQ_COMB_READ_SECOND | I2C_AQ_COMB_SAME_ADDR)
/* clock stretching is not supported */
#define I2C_AQ_NO_CLK_STRETCH		BIT(4)
/* message cannot have length of 0 */
#define I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN_READ		BIT(5)
#define I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN_WRITE	BIT(6)
#define I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN		(I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN_READ | I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN_WRITE)

/*
 * i2c_adapter is the structure used to identify a physical i2c bus along
 * with the access algorithms necessary to access it.
 */
struct i2c_adapter {
	struct module *owner;
	unsigned int class;		  /* classes to allow probing for */
	const struct i2c_algorithm *algo; /* the algorithm to access the bus */
	void *algo_data;

	/* data fields that are valid for all devices	*/
	const struct i2c_lock_operations *lock_ops;
	struct rt_mutex bus_lock;
	struct rt_mutex mux_lock;

	int timeout;			/* in jiffies */
	int retries;
	struct device dev;		/* the adapter device */
	unsigned long locked_flags;	/* owned by the I2C core */
#define I2C_ALF_IS_SUSPENDED		0
#define I2C_ALF_SUSPEND_REPORTED	1

	int nr;
	char name[48];
	struct completion dev_released;

	struct mutex userspace_clients_lock;
	struct list_head userspace_clients;

	struct i2c_bus_recovery_info *bus_recovery_info;
	const struct i2c_adapter_quirks *quirks;

	struct irq_domain *host_notify_domain;
};
#define to_i2c_adapter(d) container_of(d, struct i2c_adapter, dev)

static inline void *i2c_get_adapdata(const struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	return dev_get_drvdata(&adap->dev);
}

static inline void i2c_set_adapdata(struct i2c_adapter *adap, void *data)
{
	dev_set_drvdata(&adap->dev, data);
}

static inline struct i2c_adapter *
i2c_parent_is_i2c_adapter(const struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
{
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_MUX)
	struct device *parent = adapter->dev.parent;

	if (parent != NULL && parent->type == &i2c_adapter_type)
		return to_i2c_adapter(parent);
	else
#endif
		return NULL;
}

int i2c_for_each_dev(void *data, int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data));

/* Adapter locking functions, exported for shared pin cases */
#define I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER BIT(0)
#define I2C_LOCK_SEGMENT      BIT(1)

/**
 * i2c_lock_bus - Get exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @adapter: Target I2C bus segment
 * @flags: I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER locks the root i2c adapter, I2C_LOCK_SEGMENT
 *	locks only this branch in the adapter tree
 */
static inline void
i2c_lock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
{
	adapter->lock_ops->lock_bus(adapter, flags);
}

/**
 * i2c_trylock_bus - Try to get exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @adapter: Target I2C bus segment
 * @flags: I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER tries to locks the root i2c adapter,
 *	I2C_LOCK_SEGMENT tries to lock only this branch in the adapter tree
 *
 * Return: true if the I2C bus segment is locked, false otherwise
 */
static inline int
i2c_trylock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
{
	return adapter->lock_ops->trylock_bus(adapter, flags);
}

/**
 * i2c_unlock_bus - Release exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @adapter: Target I2C bus segment
 * @flags: I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER unlocks the root i2c adapter, I2C_LOCK_SEGMENT
 *	unlocks only this branch in the adapter tree
 */
static inline void
i2c_unlock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
{
	adapter->lock_ops->unlock_bus(adapter, flags);
}

/**
 * i2c_mark_adapter_suspended - Report suspended state of the adapter to the core
 * @adap: Adapter to mark as suspended
 *
 * When using this helper to mark an adapter as suspended, the core will reject
 * further transfers to this adapter. The usage of this helper is optional but
 * recommended for devices having distinct handlers for system suspend and
 * runtime suspend. More complex devices are free to implement custom solutions
 * to reject transfers when suspended.
 */
static inline void i2c_mark_adapter_suspended(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	i2c_lock_bus(adap, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
	set_bit(I2C_ALF_IS_SUSPENDED, &adap->locked_flags);
	i2c_unlock_bus(adap, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
}

/**
 * i2c_mark_adapter_resumed - Report resumed state of the adapter to the core
 * @adap: Adapter to mark as resumed
 *
 * When using this helper to mark an adapter as resumed, the core will allow
 * further transfers to this adapter. See also further notes to
 * @i2c_mark_adapter_suspended().
 */
static inline void i2c_mark_adapter_resumed(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	i2c_lock_bus(adap, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
	clear_bit(I2C_ALF_IS_SUSPENDED, &adap->locked_flags);
	i2c_unlock_bus(adap, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
}

/* i2c adapter classes (bitmask) */
#define I2C_CLASS_HWMON		(1<<0)	/* lm_sensors, ... */
#define I2C_CLASS_DDC		(1<<3)	/* DDC bus on graphics adapters */
#define I2C_CLASS_SPD		(1<<7)	/* Memory modules */
/* Warn users that the adapter doesn't support classes anymore */
#define I2C_CLASS_DEPRECATED	(1<<8)

/* Internal numbers to terminate lists */
#define I2C_CLIENT_END		0xfffeU

/* Construct an I2C_CLIENT_END-terminated array of i2c addresses */
#define I2C_ADDRS(addr, addrs...) \
	((const unsigned short []){ addr, ## addrs, I2C_CLIENT_END })


/* ----- functions exported by i2c.o */

/* administration...
 */
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C)
extern int i2c_add_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
extern void i2c_del_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
extern int i2c_add_numbered_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

extern int i2c_register_driver(struct module *owner, struct i2c_driver *driver);
extern void i2c_del_driver(struct i2c_driver *driver);

/* use a define to avoid include chaining to get THIS_MODULE */
#define i2c_add_driver(driver) \
	i2c_register_driver(THIS_MODULE, driver)

extern struct i2c_client *i2c_use_client(struct i2c_client *client);
extern void i2c_release_client(struct i2c_client *client);

/* call the i2c_client->command() of all attached clients with
 * the given arguments */
extern void i2c_clients_command(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
				unsigned int cmd, void *arg);

extern struct i2c_adapter *i2c_get_adapter(int nr);
extern void i2c_put_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
extern unsigned int i2c_adapter_depth(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);

void i2c_parse_fw_timings(struct device *dev, struct i2c_timings *t, bool use_defaults);

/* Return the functionality mask */
static inline u32 i2c_get_functionality(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	return adap->algo->functionality(adap);
}

/* Return 1 if adapter supports everything we need, 0 if not. */
static inline int i2c_check_functionality(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u32 func)
{
	return (func & i2c_get_functionality(adap)) == func;
}

/**
 * i2c_check_quirks() - Function for checking the quirk flags in an i2c adapter
 * @adap: i2c adapter
 * @quirks: quirk flags
 *
 * Return: true if the adapter has all the specified quirk flags, false if not
 */
static inline bool i2c_check_quirks(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u64 quirks)
{
	if (!adap->quirks)
		return false;
	return (adap->quirks->flags & quirks) == quirks;
}

/* Return the adapter number for a specific adapter */
static inline int i2c_adapter_id(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	return adap->nr;
}

static inline u8 i2c_8bit_addr_from_msg(const struct i2c_msg *msg)
{
	return (msg->addr << 1) | (msg->flags & I2C_M_RD ? 1 : 0);
}

u8 *i2c_get_dma_safe_msg_buf(struct i2c_msg *msg, unsigned int threshold);
void i2c_put_dma_safe_msg_buf(u8 *buf, struct i2c_msg *msg, bool xferred);

int i2c_handle_smbus_host_notify(struct i2c_adapter *adap, unsigned short addr);
/**
 * module_i2c_driver() - Helper macro for registering a modular I2C driver
 * @__i2c_driver: i2c_driver struct
 *
 * Helper macro for I2C drivers which do not do anything special in module
 * init/exit. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each module may only
 * use this macro once, and calling it replaces module_init() and module_exit()
 */
#define module_i2c_driver(__i2c_driver) \
	module_driver(__i2c_driver, i2c_add_driver, \
			i2c_del_driver)

/**
 * builtin_i2c_driver() - Helper macro for registering a builtin I2C driver
 * @__i2c_driver: i2c_driver struct
 *
 * Helper macro for I2C drivers which do not do anything special in their
 * init. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each driver may only
 * use this macro once, and calling it replaces device_initcall().
 */
#define builtin_i2c_driver(__i2c_driver) \
	builtin_driver(__i2c_driver, i2c_add_driver)

#endif /* I2C */

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF)
/* must call put_device() when done with returned i2c_client device */
extern struct i2c_client *of_find_i2c_device_by_node(struct device_node *node);

/* must call put_device() when done with returned i2c_adapter device */
extern struct i2c_adapter *of_find_i2c_adapter_by_node(struct device_node *node);

/* must call i2c_put_adapter() when done with returned i2c_adapter device */
struct i2c_adapter *of_get_i2c_adapter_by_node(struct device_node *node);

extern const struct of_device_id
*i2c_of_match_device(const struct of_device_id *matches,
		     struct i2c_client *client);

int of_i2c_get_board_info(struct device *dev, struct device_node *node,
			  struct i2c_board_info *info);

#else

static inline struct i2c_client *of_find_i2c_device_by_node(struct device_node *node)
{
	return NULL;
}

static inline struct i2c_adapter *of_find_i2c_adapter_by_node(struct device_node *node)
{
	return NULL;
}

static inline struct i2c_adapter *of_get_i2c_adapter_by_node(struct device_node *node)
{
	return NULL;
}

static inline const struct of_device_id
*i2c_of_match_device(const struct of_device_id *matches,
		     struct i2c_client *client)
{
	return NULL;
}

static inline int of_i2c_get_board_info(struct device *dev,
					struct device_node *node,
					struct i2c_board_info *info)
{
	return -ENOTSUPP;
}

#endif /* CONFIG_OF */

struct acpi_resource;
struct acpi_resource_i2c_serialbus;

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ACPI)
bool i2c_acpi_get_i2c_resource(struct acpi_resource *ares,
			       struct acpi_resource_i2c_serialbus **i2c);
u32 i2c_acpi_find_bus_speed(struct device *dev);
struct i2c_client *i2c_acpi_new_device(struct device *dev, int index,
				       struct i2c_board_info *info);
struct i2c_adapter *i2c_acpi_find_adapter_by_handle(acpi_handle handle);
#else
static inline bool i2c_acpi_get_i2c_resource(struct acpi_resource *ares,
					     struct acpi_resource_i2c_serialbus **i2c)
{
	return false;
}
static inline u32 i2c_acpi_find_bus_speed(struct device *dev)
{
	return 0;
}
static inline struct i2c_client *i2c_acpi_new_device(struct device *dev,
					int index, struct i2c_board_info *info)
{
	return NULL;
}
static inline struct i2c_adapter *i2c_acpi_find_adapter_by_handle(acpi_handle handle)
{
	return NULL;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ACPI */

#endif /* _LINUX_I2C_H */