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/*
 * Resizable simple ram filesystem for Linux.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2000 Linus Torvalds.
 *               2000 Transmeta Corp.
 *
 * Usage limits added by David Gibson, Linuxcare Australia.
 * This file is released under the GPL.
 */

/*
 * NOTE! This filesystem is probably most useful
 * not as a real filesystem, but as an example of
 * how virtual filesystems can be written.
 *
 * It doesn't get much simpler than this. Consider
 * that this file implements the full semantics of
 * a POSIX-compliant read-write filesystem.
 *
 * Note in particular how the filesystem does not
 * need to implement any data structures of its own
 * to keep track of the virtual data: using the VFS
 * caches is sufficient.
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/ramfs.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include "internal.h"

/* some random number */
#define RAMFS_MAGIC	0x858458f6

static const struct super_operations ramfs_ops;
static const struct inode_operations ramfs_dir_inode_operations;

static struct backing_dev_info ramfs_backing_dev_info = {
	.ra_pages	= 0,	/* No readahead */
	.capabilities	= BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_DIRTY | BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK |
			  BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT | BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY |
			  BDI_CAP_READ_MAP | BDI_CAP_WRITE_MAP | BDI_CAP_EXEC_MAP,
};

struct inode *ramfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, int mode, dev_t dev)
{
	struct inode * inode = new_inode(sb);

	if (inode) {
		inode->i_mode = mode;
		inode->i_uid = current->fsuid;
		inode->i_gid = current->fsgid;
		inode->i_blocks = 0;
		inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ramfs_aops;
		inode->i_mapping->backing_dev_info = &ramfs_backing_dev_info;
		inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
		switch (mode & S_IFMT) {
		default:
			init_special_inode(inode, mode, dev);
			break;
		case S_IFREG:
			inode->i_op = &ramfs_file_inode_operations;
			inode->i_fop = &ramfs_file_operations;
			break;
		case S_IFDIR:
			inode->i_op = &ramfs_dir_inode_operations;
			inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations;

			/* directory inodes start off with i_nlink == 2 (for "." entry) */
			inc_nlink(inode);
			break;
		case S_IFLNK:
			inode->i_op = &page_symlink_inode_operations;
			break;
		}
	}
	return inode;
}

/*
 * File creation. Allocate an inode, and we're done..
 */
/* SMP-safe */
static int
ramfs_mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, int mode, dev_t dev)
{
	struct inode * inode = ramfs_get_inode(dir->i_sb, mode, dev);
	int error = -ENOSPC;

	if (inode) {
		if (dir->i_mode & S_ISGID) {
			inode->i_gid = dir->i_gid;
			if (S_ISDIR(mode))
				inode->i_mode |= S_ISGID;
		}
		d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
		dget(dentry);	/* Extra count - pin the dentry in core */
		error = 0;
		dir->i_mtime = dir->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
	}
	return error;
}

static int ramfs_mkdir(struct inode * dir, struct dentry * dentry, int mode)
{
	int retval = ramfs_mknod(dir, dentry, mode | S_IFDIR, 0);
	if (!retval)
		inc_nlink(dir);
	return retval;
}

static int ramfs_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, int mode, struct nameidata *nd)
{
	return ramfs_mknod(dir, dentry, mode | S_IFREG, 0);
}

static int ramfs_symlink(struct inode * dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char * symname)
{
	struct inode *inode;
	int error = -ENOSPC;

	inode = ramfs_get_inode(dir->i_sb, S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO, 0);
	if (inode) {
		int l = strlen(symname)+1;
		error = page_symlink(inode, symname, l);
		if (!error) {
			if (dir->i_mode & S_ISGID)
				inode->i_gid = dir->i_gid;
			d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
			dget(dentry);
			dir->i_mtime = dir->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
		} else
			iput(inode);
	}
	return error;
}

static const struct inode_operations ramfs_dir_inode_operations = {
	.create		= ramfs_create,
	.lookup		= simple_lookup,
	.link		= simple_link,
	.unlink		= simple_unlink,
	.symlink	= ramfs_symlink,
	.mkdir		= ramfs_mkdir,
	.rmdir		= simple_rmdir,
	.mknod		= ramfs_mknod,
	.rename		= simple_rename,
};

static const struct super_operations ramfs_ops = {
	.statfs		= simple_statfs,
	.drop_inode	= generic_delete_inode,
};

static int ramfs_fill_super(struct super_block * sb, void * data, int silent)
{
	struct inode * inode;
	struct dentry * root;

	sb->s_maxbytes = MAX_LFS_FILESIZE;
	sb->s_blocksize = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
	sb->s_blocksize_bits = PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
	sb->s_magic = RAMFS_MAGIC;
	sb->s_op = &ramfs_ops;
	sb->s_time_gran = 1;
	inode = ramfs_get_inode(sb, S_IFDIR | 0755, 0);
	if (!inode)
		return -ENOMEM;

	root = d_alloc_root(inode);
	if (!root) {
		iput(inode);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
	sb->s_root = root;
	return 0;
}

int ramfs_get_sb(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
	int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
	return get_sb_nodev(fs_type, flags, data, ramfs_fill_super, mnt);
}

static int rootfs_get_sb(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
	int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
	return get_sb_nodev(fs_type, flags|MS_NOUSER, data, ramfs_fill_super,
			    mnt);
}

static struct file_system_type ramfs_fs_type = {
	.name		= "ramfs",
	.get_sb		= ramfs_get_sb,
	.kill_sb	= kill_litter_super,
};
static struct file_system_type rootfs_fs_type = {
	.name		= "rootfs",
	.get_sb		= rootfs_get_sb,
	.kill_sb	= kill_litter_super,
};

static int __init init_ramfs_fs(void)
{
	return register_filesystem(&ramfs_fs_type);
}

static void __exit exit_ramfs_fs(void)
{
	unregister_filesystem(&ramfs_fs_type);
}

module_init(init_ramfs_fs)
module_exit(exit_ramfs_fs)

int __init init_rootfs(void)
{
	return register_filesystem(&rootfs_fs_type);
}

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");