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/* Key to pathname encoder
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#include <linux/slab.h>
#include "internal.h"

static const char cachefiles_charmap[64] =
	"0123456789"			/* 0 - 9 */
	"abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"	/* 10 - 35 */
	"ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"	/* 36 - 61 */
	"_-"				/* 62 - 63 */
	;

static const char cachefiles_filecharmap[256] = {
	/* we skip space and tab and control chars */
	[33 ... 46] = 1,		/* '!' -> '.' */
	/* we skip '/' as it's significant to pathwalk */
	[48 ... 127] = 1,		/* '0' -> '~' */
};

/*
 * turn the raw key into something cooked
 * - the raw key should include the length in the two bytes at the front
 * - the key may be up to 514 bytes in length (including the length word)
 *   - "base64" encode the strange keys, mapping 3 bytes of raw to four of
 *     cooked
 *   - need to cut the cooked key into 252 char lengths (189 raw bytes)
 */
char *cachefiles_cook_key(const u8 *raw, int keylen, uint8_t type)
{
	unsigned char csum, ch;
	unsigned int acc;
	char *key;
	int loop, len, max, seg, mark, print;

	_enter(",%d", keylen);

	BUG_ON(keylen < 2 || keylen > 514);

	csum = raw[0] + raw[1];
	print = 1;
	for (loop = 2; loop < keylen; loop++) {
		ch = raw[loop];
		csum += ch;
		print &= cachefiles_filecharmap[ch];
	}

	if (print) {
		/* if the path is usable ASCII, then we render it directly */
		max = keylen - 2;
		max += 2;	/* two base64'd length chars on the front */
		max += 5;	/* @checksum/M */
		max += 3 * 2;	/* maximum number of segment dividers (".../M")
				 * is ((514 + 251) / 252) = 3
				 */
		max += 1;	/* NUL on end */
	} else {
		/* calculate the maximum length of the cooked key */
		keylen = (keylen + 2) / 3;

		max = keylen * 4;
		max += 5;	/* @checksum/M */
		max += 3 * 2;	/* maximum number of segment dividers (".../M")
				 * is ((514 + 188) / 189) = 3
				 */
		max += 1;	/* NUL on end */
	}

	max += 1;	/* 2nd NUL on end */

	_debug("max: %d", max);

	key = kmalloc(max, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!key)
		return NULL;

	len = 0;

	/* build the cooked key */
	sprintf(key, "@%02x%c+", (unsigned) csum, 0);
	len = 5;
	mark = len - 1;

	if (print) {
		acc = *(uint16_t *) raw;
		raw += 2;

		key[len + 1] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];
		acc >>= 6;
		key[len] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];
		len += 2;

		seg = 250;
		for (loop = keylen; loop > 0; loop--) {
			if (seg <= 0) {
				key[len++] = '\0';
				mark = len;
				key[len++] = '+';
				seg = 252;
			}

			key[len++] = *raw++;
			ASSERT(len < max);
		}

		switch (type) {
		case FSCACHE_COOKIE_TYPE_INDEX:		type = 'I';	break;
		case FSCACHE_COOKIE_TYPE_DATAFILE:	type = 'D';	break;
		default:				type = 'S';	break;
		}
	} else {
		seg = 252;
		for (loop = keylen; loop > 0; loop--) {
			if (seg <= 0) {
				key[len++] = '\0';
				mark = len;
				key[len++] = '+';
				seg = 252;
			}

			acc = *raw++;
			acc |= *raw++ << 8;
			acc |= *raw++ << 16;

			_debug("acc: %06x", acc);

			key[len++] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];
			acc >>= 6;
			key[len++] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];
			acc >>= 6;
			key[len++] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];
			acc >>= 6;
			key[len++] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];

			ASSERT(len < max);
		}

		switch (type) {
		case FSCACHE_COOKIE_TYPE_INDEX:		type = 'J';	break;
		case FSCACHE_COOKIE_TYPE_DATAFILE:	type = 'E';	break;
		default:				type = 'T';	break;
		}
	}

	key[mark] = type;
	key[len++] = 0;
	key[len] = 0;

	_leave(" = %p %d", key, len);
	return key;
}