Home Home > GIT Browse
summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
blob: 26c93cf9f6be4a083f47615318699e3110d39983 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
/*
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2009, Microsoft Corporation.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
 * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
 * more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
 * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple
 * Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
 *
 * Authors:
 *   Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@microsoft.com>
 *   Hank Janssen  <hjanssen@microsoft.com>
 *   K. Y. Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com>
 *
 */
#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/hyperv.h>

#include "hyperv_vmbus.h"

void hv_begin_read(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi)
{
	rbi->ring_buffer->interrupt_mask = 1;
	mb();
}

u32 hv_end_read(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi)
{
	u32 read;
	u32 write;

	rbi->ring_buffer->interrupt_mask = 0;
	mb();

	/*
	 * Now check to see if the ring buffer is still empty.
	 * If it is not, we raced and we need to process new
	 * incoming messages.
	 */
	hv_get_ringbuffer_availbytes(rbi, &read, &write);

	return read;
}

/*
 * When we write to the ring buffer, check if the host needs to
 * be signaled. Here is the details of this protocol:
 *
 *	1. The host guarantees that while it is draining the
 *	   ring buffer, it will set the interrupt_mask to
 *	   indicate it does not need to be interrupted when
 *	   new data is placed.
 *
 *	2. The host guarantees that it will completely drain
 *	   the ring buffer before exiting the read loop. Further,
 *	   once the ring buffer is empty, it will clear the
 *	   interrupt_mask and re-check to see if new data has
 *	   arrived.
 */

static bool hv_need_to_signal(u32 old_write, struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi)
{
	mb();
	if (rbi->ring_buffer->interrupt_mask)
		return false;

	/* check interrupt_mask before read_index */
	rmb();
	/*
	 * This is the only case we need to signal when the
	 * ring transitions from being empty to non-empty.
	 */
	if (old_write == rbi->ring_buffer->read_index)
		return true;

	return false;
}

/*
 * To optimize the flow management on the send-side,
 * when the sender is blocked because of lack of
 * sufficient space in the ring buffer, potential the
 * consumer of the ring buffer can signal the producer.
 * This is controlled by the following parameters:
 *
 * 1. pending_send_sz: This is the size in bytes that the
 *    producer is trying to send.
 * 2. The feature bit feat_pending_send_sz set to indicate if
 *    the consumer of the ring will signal when the ring
 *    state transitions from being full to a state where
 *    there is room for the producer to send the pending packet.
 */

static bool hv_need_to_signal_on_read(u32 old_rd,
					 struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi)
{
	u32 prev_write_sz;
	u32 cur_write_sz;
	u32 r_size;
	u32 write_loc = rbi->ring_buffer->write_index;
	u32 read_loc = rbi->ring_buffer->read_index;
	u32 pending_sz = rbi->ring_buffer->pending_send_sz;

	/*
	 * If the other end is not blocked on write don't bother.
	 */
	if (pending_sz == 0)
		return false;

	r_size = rbi->ring_datasize;
	cur_write_sz = write_loc >= read_loc ? r_size - (write_loc - read_loc) :
			read_loc - write_loc;

	prev_write_sz = write_loc >= old_rd ? r_size - (write_loc - old_rd) :
			old_rd - write_loc;


	if ((prev_write_sz < pending_sz) && (cur_write_sz >= pending_sz))
		return true;

	return false;
}

/*
 * hv_get_next_write_location()
 *
 * Get the next write location for the specified ring buffer
 *
 */
static inline u32
hv_get_next_write_location(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info)
{
	u32 next = ring_info->ring_buffer->write_index;

	return next;
}

/*
 * hv_set_next_write_location()
 *
 * Set the next write location for the specified ring buffer
 *
 */
static inline void
hv_set_next_write_location(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
		     u32 next_write_location)
{
	ring_info->ring_buffer->write_index = next_write_location;
}

/*
 * hv_get_next_read_location()
 *
 * Get the next read location for the specified ring buffer
 */
static inline u32
hv_get_next_read_location(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info)
{
	u32 next = ring_info->ring_buffer->read_index;

	return next;
}

/*
 * hv_get_next_readlocation_withoffset()
 *
 * Get the next read location + offset for the specified ring buffer.
 * This allows the caller to skip
 */
static inline u32
hv_get_next_readlocation_withoffset(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
				 u32 offset)
{
	u32 next = ring_info->ring_buffer->read_index;

	next += offset;
	next %= ring_info->ring_datasize;

	return next;
}

/*
 *
 * hv_set_next_read_location()
 *
 * Set the next read location for the specified ring buffer
 *
 */
static inline void
hv_set_next_read_location(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
		    u32 next_read_location)
{
	ring_info->ring_buffer->read_index = next_read_location;
}


/*
 *
 * hv_get_ring_buffer()
 *
 * Get the start of the ring buffer
 */
static inline void *
hv_get_ring_buffer(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info)
{
	return (void *)ring_info->ring_buffer->buffer;
}


/*
 *
 * hv_get_ring_buffersize()
 *
 * Get the size of the ring buffer
 */
static inline u32
hv_get_ring_buffersize(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info)
{
	return ring_info->ring_datasize;
}

/*
 *
 * hv_get_ring_bufferindices()
 *
 * Get the read and write indices as u64 of the specified ring buffer
 *
 */
static inline u64
hv_get_ring_bufferindices(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info)
{
	return (u64)ring_info->ring_buffer->write_index << 32;
}

/*
 *
 * hv_copyfrom_ringbuffer()
 *
 * Helper routine to copy to source from ring buffer.
 * Assume there is enough room. Handles wrap-around in src case only!!
 *
 */
static u32 hv_copyfrom_ringbuffer(
	struct hv_ring_buffer_info	*ring_info,
	void				*dest,
	u32				destlen,
	u32				start_read_offset)
{
	void *ring_buffer = hv_get_ring_buffer(ring_info);
	u32 ring_buffer_size = hv_get_ring_buffersize(ring_info);

	u32 frag_len;

	/* wrap-around detected at the src */
	if (destlen > ring_buffer_size - start_read_offset) {
		frag_len = ring_buffer_size - start_read_offset;

		memcpy(dest, ring_buffer + start_read_offset, frag_len);
		memcpy(dest + frag_len, ring_buffer, destlen - frag_len);
	} else

		memcpy(dest, ring_buffer + start_read_offset, destlen);


	start_read_offset += destlen;
	start_read_offset %= ring_buffer_size;

	return start_read_offset;
}


/*
 *
 * hv_copyto_ringbuffer()
 *
 * Helper routine to copy from source to ring buffer.
 * Assume there is enough room. Handles wrap-around in dest case only!!
 *
 */
static u32 hv_copyto_ringbuffer(
	struct hv_ring_buffer_info	*ring_info,
	u32				start_write_offset,
	void				*src,
	u32				srclen)
{
	void *ring_buffer = hv_get_ring_buffer(ring_info);
	u32 ring_buffer_size = hv_get_ring_buffersize(ring_info);
	u32 frag_len;

	/* wrap-around detected! */
	if (srclen > ring_buffer_size - start_write_offset) {
		frag_len = ring_buffer_size - start_write_offset;
		memcpy(ring_buffer + start_write_offset, src, frag_len);
		memcpy(ring_buffer, src + frag_len, srclen - frag_len);
	} else
		memcpy(ring_buffer + start_write_offset, src, srclen);

	start_write_offset += srclen;
	start_write_offset %= ring_buffer_size;

	return start_write_offset;
}

/*
 *
 * hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo()
 *
 * Get various debug metrics for the specified ring buffer
 *
 */
void hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
			    struct hv_ring_buffer_debug_info *debug_info)
{
	u32 bytes_avail_towrite;
	u32 bytes_avail_toread;

	if (ring_info->ring_buffer) {
		hv_get_ringbuffer_availbytes(ring_info,
					&bytes_avail_toread,
					&bytes_avail_towrite);

		debug_info->bytes_avail_toread = bytes_avail_toread;
		debug_info->bytes_avail_towrite = bytes_avail_towrite;
		debug_info->current_read_index =
			ring_info->ring_buffer->read_index;
		debug_info->current_write_index =
			ring_info->ring_buffer->write_index;
		debug_info->current_interrupt_mask =
			ring_info->ring_buffer->interrupt_mask;
	}
}

/*
 *
 * hv_ringbuffer_init()
 *
 *Initialize the ring buffer
 *
 */
int hv_ringbuffer_init(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
		   void *buffer, u32 buflen)
{
	if (sizeof(struct hv_ring_buffer) != PAGE_SIZE)
		return -EINVAL;

	memset(ring_info, 0, sizeof(struct hv_ring_buffer_info));

	ring_info->ring_buffer = (struct hv_ring_buffer *)buffer;
	ring_info->ring_buffer->read_index =
		ring_info->ring_buffer->write_index = 0;

	ring_info->ring_size = buflen;
	ring_info->ring_datasize = buflen - sizeof(struct hv_ring_buffer);

	spin_lock_init(&ring_info->ring_lock);

	return 0;
}

/*
 *
 * hv_ringbuffer_cleanup()
 *
 * Cleanup the ring buffer
 *
 */
void hv_ringbuffer_cleanup(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info)
{
}

/*
 *
 * hv_ringbuffer_write()
 *
 * Write to the ring buffer
 *
 */
int hv_ringbuffer_write(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *outring_info,
		    struct scatterlist *sglist, u32 sgcount, bool *signal)
{
	int i = 0;
	u32 bytes_avail_towrite;
	u32 bytes_avail_toread;
	u32 totalbytes_towrite = 0;

	struct scatterlist *sg;
	u32 next_write_location;
	u32 old_write;
	u64 prev_indices = 0;
	unsigned long flags;

	for_each_sg(sglist, sg, sgcount, i)
	{
		totalbytes_towrite += sg->length;
	}

	totalbytes_towrite += sizeof(u64);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&outring_info->ring_lock, flags);

	hv_get_ringbuffer_availbytes(outring_info,
				&bytes_avail_toread,
				&bytes_avail_towrite);


	/* If there is only room for the packet, assume it is full. */
	/* Otherwise, the next time around, we think the ring buffer */
	/* is empty since the read index == write index */
	if (bytes_avail_towrite <= totalbytes_towrite) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&outring_info->ring_lock, flags);
		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	/* Write to the ring buffer */
	next_write_location = hv_get_next_write_location(outring_info);

	old_write = next_write_location;

	for_each_sg(sglist, sg, sgcount, i)
	{
		next_write_location = hv_copyto_ringbuffer(outring_info,
						     next_write_location,
						     sg_virt(sg),
						     sg->length);
	}

	/* Set previous packet start */
	prev_indices = hv_get_ring_bufferindices(outring_info);

	next_write_location = hv_copyto_ringbuffer(outring_info,
					     next_write_location,
					     &prev_indices,
					     sizeof(u64));

	/* Issue a full memory barrier before updating the write index */
	mb();

	/* Now, update the write location */
	hv_set_next_write_location(outring_info, next_write_location);


	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&outring_info->ring_lock, flags);

	*signal = hv_need_to_signal(old_write, outring_info);
	return 0;
}


/*
 *
 * hv_ringbuffer_peek()
 *
 * Read without advancing the read index
 *
 */
int hv_ringbuffer_peek(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *Inring_info,
		   void *Buffer, u32 buflen)
{
	u32 bytes_avail_towrite;
	u32 bytes_avail_toread;
	u32 next_read_location = 0;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&Inring_info->ring_lock, flags);

	hv_get_ringbuffer_availbytes(Inring_info,
				&bytes_avail_toread,
				&bytes_avail_towrite);

	/* Make sure there is something to read */
	if (bytes_avail_toread < buflen) {

		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&Inring_info->ring_lock, flags);

		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	/* Convert to byte offset */
	next_read_location = hv_get_next_read_location(Inring_info);

	next_read_location = hv_copyfrom_ringbuffer(Inring_info,
						Buffer,
						buflen,
						next_read_location);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&Inring_info->ring_lock, flags);

	return 0;
}


/*
 *
 * hv_ringbuffer_read()
 *
 * Read and advance the read index
 *
 */
int hv_ringbuffer_read(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *inring_info, void *buffer,
		   u32 buflen, u32 offset, bool *signal)
{
	u32 bytes_avail_towrite;
	u32 bytes_avail_toread;
	u32 next_read_location = 0;
	u64 prev_indices = 0;
	unsigned long flags;
	u32 old_read;

	if (buflen <= 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&inring_info->ring_lock, flags);

	hv_get_ringbuffer_availbytes(inring_info,
				&bytes_avail_toread,
				&bytes_avail_towrite);

	old_read = bytes_avail_toread;

	/* Make sure there is something to read */
	if (bytes_avail_toread < buflen) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&inring_info->ring_lock, flags);

		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	next_read_location =
		hv_get_next_readlocation_withoffset(inring_info, offset);

	next_read_location = hv_copyfrom_ringbuffer(inring_info,
						buffer,
						buflen,
						next_read_location);

	next_read_location = hv_copyfrom_ringbuffer(inring_info,
						&prev_indices,
						sizeof(u64),
						next_read_location);

	/* Make sure all reads are done before we update the read index since */
	/* the writer may start writing to the read area once the read index */
	/*is updated */
	mb();

	/* Update the read index */
	hv_set_next_read_location(inring_info, next_read_location);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&inring_info->ring_lock, flags);

	*signal = hv_need_to_signal_on_read(old_read, inring_info);

	return 0;
}