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/*
 * Basic Node interface support
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/memory.h>
#include <linux/vmstat.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/node.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/compaction.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>
#include <linux/topology.h>
#include <linux/nodemask.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

static struct bus_type node_subsys = {
	.name = "node",
	.dev_name = "node",
};


static ssize_t node_read_cpumap(struct device *dev, bool list, char *buf)
{
	struct node *node_dev = to_node(dev);
	const struct cpumask *mask = cpumask_of_node(node_dev->dev.id);

	/* 2008/04/07: buf currently PAGE_SIZE, need 9 chars per 32 bits. */
	BUILD_BUG_ON((NR_CPUS/32 * 9) > (PAGE_SIZE-1));

	return cpumap_print_to_pagebuf(list, buf, mask);
}

static inline ssize_t node_read_cpumask(struct device *dev,
				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	return node_read_cpumap(dev, false, buf);
}
static inline ssize_t node_read_cpulist(struct device *dev,
				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	return node_read_cpumap(dev, true, buf);
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(cpumap,  S_IRUGO, node_read_cpumask, NULL);
static DEVICE_ATTR(cpulist, S_IRUGO, node_read_cpulist, NULL);

#define K(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10))
static ssize_t node_read_meminfo(struct device *dev,
			struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	int n;
	int nid = dev->id;
	struct pglist_data *pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);
	struct sysinfo i;

	si_meminfo_node(&i, nid);
	n = sprintf(buf,
		       "Node %d MemTotal:       %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d MemFree:        %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d MemUsed:        %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Active:         %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Inactive:       %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Active(anon):   %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Inactive(anon): %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Active(file):   %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Inactive(file): %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Unevictable:    %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Mlocked:        %8lu kB\n",
		       nid, K(i.totalram),
		       nid, K(i.freeram),
		       nid, K(i.totalram - i.freeram),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ACTIVE_ANON) +
				node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ACTIVE_FILE)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_ANON) +
				node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_FILE)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ACTIVE_ANON)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_ANON)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ACTIVE_FILE)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_FILE)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_UNEVICTABLE)),
		       nid, K(sum_zone_node_page_state(nid, NR_MLOCK)));

#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
	n += sprintf(buf + n,
		       "Node %d HighTotal:      %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d HighFree:       %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d LowTotal:       %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d LowFree:        %8lu kB\n",
		       nid, K(i.totalhigh),
		       nid, K(i.freehigh),
		       nid, K(i.totalram - i.totalhigh),
		       nid, K(i.freeram - i.freehigh));
#endif
	n += sprintf(buf + n,
		       "Node %d Dirty:          %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Writeback:      %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d FilePages:      %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Mapped:         %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d AnonPages:      %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Shmem:          %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d KernelStack:    %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d PageTables:     %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d NFS_Unstable:   %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Bounce:         %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d WritebackTmp:   %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d Slab:           %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d SReclaimable:   %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d SUnreclaim:     %8lu kB\n"
#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
		       "Node %d AnonHugePages:  %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d ShmemHugePages: %8lu kB\n"
		       "Node %d ShmemPmdMapped: %8lu kB\n"
#endif
			,
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_FILE_DIRTY)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_WRITEBACK)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_FILE_PAGES)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_FILE_MAPPED)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ANON_MAPPED)),
		       nid, K(i.sharedram),
		       nid, sum_zone_node_page_state(nid, NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB),
		       nid, K(sum_zone_node_page_state(nid, NR_PAGETABLE)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_UNSTABLE_NFS)),
		       nid, K(sum_zone_node_page_state(nid, NR_BOUNCE)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE) +
			      node_page_state(pgdat, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE)),
#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE)),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ANON_THPS) *
				       HPAGE_PMD_NR),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_SHMEM_THPS) *
				       HPAGE_PMD_NR),
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED) *
				       HPAGE_PMD_NR));
#else
		       nid, K(node_page_state(pgdat, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE)));
#endif
	n += hugetlb_report_node_meminfo(nid, buf + n);
	return n;
}

#undef K
static DEVICE_ATTR(meminfo, S_IRUGO, node_read_meminfo, NULL);

static ssize_t node_read_numastat(struct device *dev,
				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	return sprintf(buf,
		       "numa_hit %lu\n"
		       "numa_miss %lu\n"
		       "numa_foreign %lu\n"
		       "interleave_hit %lu\n"
		       "local_node %lu\n"
		       "other_node %lu\n",
		       sum_zone_node_page_state(dev->id, NUMA_HIT),
		       sum_zone_node_page_state(dev->id, NUMA_MISS),
		       sum_zone_node_page_state(dev->id, NUMA_FOREIGN),
		       sum_zone_node_page_state(dev->id, NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT),
		       sum_zone_node_page_state(dev->id, NUMA_LOCAL),
		       sum_zone_node_page_state(dev->id, NUMA_OTHER));
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(numastat, S_IRUGO, node_read_numastat, NULL);

static ssize_t node_read_vmstat(struct device *dev,
				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	int nid = dev->id;
	struct pglist_data *pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);
	int i;
	int n = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
		n += sprintf(buf+n, "%s %lu\n", vmstat_text[i],
			     sum_zone_node_page_state(nid, i));

	for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
		n += sprintf(buf+n, "%s %lu\n",
			     vmstat_text[i + NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS],
			     node_page_state(pgdat, i));

	return n;
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(vmstat, S_IRUGO, node_read_vmstat, NULL);

static ssize_t node_read_distance(struct device *dev,
			struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	int nid = dev->id;
	int len = 0;
	int i;

	/*
	 * buf is currently PAGE_SIZE in length and each node needs 4 chars
	 * at the most (distance + space or newline).
	 */
	BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_NUMNODES * 4 > PAGE_SIZE);

	for_each_online_node(i)
		len += sprintf(buf + len, "%s%d", i ? " " : "", node_distance(nid, i));

	len += sprintf(buf + len, "\n");
	return len;
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(distance, S_IRUGO, node_read_distance, NULL);

static struct attribute *node_dev_attrs[] = {
	&dev_attr_cpumap.attr,
	&dev_attr_cpulist.attr,
	&dev_attr_meminfo.attr,
	&dev_attr_numastat.attr,
	&dev_attr_distance.attr,
	&dev_attr_vmstat.attr,
	NULL
};
ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(node_dev);

#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS
/*
 * hugetlbfs per node attributes registration interface:
 * When/if hugetlb[fs] subsystem initializes [sometime after this module],
 * it will register its per node attributes for all online nodes with
 * memory.  It will also call register_hugetlbfs_with_node(), below, to
 * register its attribute registration functions with this node driver.
 * Once these hooks have been initialized, the node driver will call into
 * the hugetlb module to [un]register attributes for hot-plugged nodes.
 */
static node_registration_func_t __hugetlb_register_node;
static node_registration_func_t __hugetlb_unregister_node;

static inline bool hugetlb_register_node(struct node *node)
{
	if (__hugetlb_register_node &&
			node_state(node->dev.id, N_MEMORY)) {
		__hugetlb_register_node(node);
		return true;
	}
	return false;
}

static inline void hugetlb_unregister_node(struct node *node)
{
	if (__hugetlb_unregister_node)
		__hugetlb_unregister_node(node);
}

void register_hugetlbfs_with_node(node_registration_func_t doregister,
				  node_registration_func_t unregister)
{
	__hugetlb_register_node   = doregister;
	__hugetlb_unregister_node = unregister;
}
#else
static inline void hugetlb_register_node(struct node *node) {}

static inline void hugetlb_unregister_node(struct node *node) {}
#endif

static void node_device_release(struct device *dev)
{
	struct node *node = to_node(dev);

#if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE) && defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS)
	/*
	 * We schedule the work only when a memory section is
	 * onlined/offlined on this node. When we come here,
	 * all the memory on this node has been offlined,
	 * so we won't enqueue new work to this work.
	 *
	 * The work is using node->node_work, so we should
	 * flush work before freeing the memory.
	 */
	flush_work(&node->node_work);
#endif
	kfree(node);
}

/*
 * register_node - Setup a sysfs device for a node.
 * @num - Node number to use when creating the device.
 *
 * Initialize and register the node device.
 */
static int register_node(struct node *node, int num)
{
	int error;

	node->dev.id = num;
	node->dev.bus = &node_subsys;
	node->dev.release = node_device_release;
	node->dev.groups = node_dev_groups;
	error = device_register(&node->dev);

	if (!error){
		hugetlb_register_node(node);

		compaction_register_node(node);
	}
	return error;
}

/**
 * unregister_node - unregister a node device
 * @node: node going away
 *
 * Unregisters a node device @node.  All the devices on the node must be
 * unregistered before calling this function.
 */
void unregister_node(struct node *node)
{
	hugetlb_unregister_node(node);		/* no-op, if memoryless node */

	device_unregister(&node->dev);
}

struct node *node_devices[MAX_NUMNODES];

/*
 * register cpu under node
 */
int register_cpu_under_node(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int nid)
{
	int ret;
	struct device *obj;

	if (!node_online(nid))
		return 0;

	obj = get_cpu_device(cpu);
	if (!obj)
		return 0;

	ret = sysfs_create_link(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
				&obj->kobj,
				kobject_name(&obj->kobj));
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	return sysfs_create_link(&obj->kobj,
				 &node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
				 kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));
}

int unregister_cpu_under_node(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int nid)
{
	struct device *obj;

	if (!node_online(nid))
		return 0;

	obj = get_cpu_device(cpu);
	if (!obj)
		return 0;

	sysfs_remove_link(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
			  kobject_name(&obj->kobj));
	sysfs_remove_link(&obj->kobj,
			  kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));

	return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE
static int __ref get_nid_for_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
{
	if (!pfn_valid_within(pfn))
		return -1;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
	if (system_state < SYSTEM_RUNNING)
		return early_pfn_to_nid(pfn);
#endif
	return pfn_to_nid(pfn);
}

/* register memory section under specified node if it spans that node */
int register_mem_sect_under_node(struct memory_block *mem_blk, int nid)
{
	int ret;
	unsigned long pfn, sect_start_pfn, sect_end_pfn;

	if (!mem_blk)
		return -EFAULT;
	if (!node_online(nid))
		return 0;

	sect_start_pfn = section_nr_to_pfn(mem_blk->start_section_nr);
	sect_end_pfn = section_nr_to_pfn(mem_blk->end_section_nr);
	sect_end_pfn += PAGES_PER_SECTION - 1;
	for (pfn = sect_start_pfn; pfn <= sect_end_pfn; pfn++) {
		int page_nid;

		/*
		 * memory block could have several absent sections from start.
		 * skip pfn range from absent section
		 */
		if (!pfn_present(pfn)) {
			pfn = round_down(pfn + PAGES_PER_SECTION,
					 PAGES_PER_SECTION) - 1;
			continue;
		}

		page_nid = get_nid_for_pfn(pfn);
		if (page_nid < 0)
			continue;
		if (page_nid != nid)
			continue;
		ret = sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
					&mem_blk->dev.kobj,
					kobject_name(&mem_blk->dev.kobj));
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		return sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&mem_blk->dev.kobj,
				&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
				kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));
	}
	/* mem section does not span the specified node */
	return 0;
}

/* unregister memory section under all nodes that it spans */
int unregister_mem_sect_under_nodes(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
				    unsigned long phys_index)
{
	NODEMASK_ALLOC(nodemask_t, unlinked_nodes, GFP_KERNEL);
	unsigned long pfn, sect_start_pfn, sect_end_pfn;

	if (!mem_blk) {
		NODEMASK_FREE(unlinked_nodes);
		return -EFAULT;
	}
	if (!unlinked_nodes)
		return -ENOMEM;
	nodes_clear(*unlinked_nodes);

	sect_start_pfn = section_nr_to_pfn(phys_index);
	sect_end_pfn = sect_start_pfn + PAGES_PER_SECTION - 1;
	for (pfn = sect_start_pfn; pfn <= sect_end_pfn; pfn++) {
		int nid;

		nid = get_nid_for_pfn(pfn);
		if (nid < 0)
			continue;
		if (!node_online(nid))
			continue;
		if (node_test_and_set(nid, *unlinked_nodes))
			continue;
		sysfs_remove_link(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
			 kobject_name(&mem_blk->dev.kobj));
		sysfs_remove_link(&mem_blk->dev.kobj,
			 kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));
	}
	NODEMASK_FREE(unlinked_nodes);
	return 0;
}

int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
{
	unsigned long end_pfn = start_pfn + nr_pages;
	unsigned long pfn;
	struct memory_block *mem_blk = NULL;
	int err = 0;

	for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn += PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
		unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
		struct mem_section *mem_sect;
		int ret;

		if (!present_section_nr(section_nr))
			continue;
		mem_sect = __nr_to_section(section_nr);

		/* same memblock ? */
		if (mem_blk)
			if ((section_nr >= mem_blk->start_section_nr) &&
			    (section_nr <= mem_blk->end_section_nr))
				continue;

		mem_blk = find_memory_block_hinted(mem_sect, mem_blk);

		ret = register_mem_sect_under_node(mem_blk, nid);
		if (!err)
			err = ret;

		/* discard ref obtained in find_memory_block() */
	}

	if (mem_blk)
		kobject_put(&mem_blk->dev.kobj);
	return err;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS
/*
 * Handle per node hstate attribute [un]registration on transistions
 * to/from memoryless state.
 */
static void node_hugetlb_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct node *node = container_of(work, struct node, node_work);

	/*
	 * We only get here when a node transitions to/from memoryless state.
	 * We can detect which transition occurred by examining whether the
	 * node has memory now.  hugetlb_register_node() already check this
	 * so we try to register the attributes.  If that fails, then the
	 * node has transitioned to memoryless, try to unregister the
	 * attributes.
	 */
	if (!hugetlb_register_node(node))
		hugetlb_unregister_node(node);
}

static void init_node_hugetlb_work(int nid)
{
	INIT_WORK(&node_devices[nid]->node_work, node_hugetlb_work);
}

static int node_memory_callback(struct notifier_block *self,
				unsigned long action, void *arg)
{
	struct memory_notify *mnb = arg;
	int nid = mnb->status_change_nid;

	switch (action) {
	case MEM_ONLINE:
	case MEM_OFFLINE:
		/*
		 * offload per node hstate [un]registration to a work thread
		 * when transitioning to/from memoryless state.
		 */
		if (nid != NUMA_NO_NODE)
			schedule_work(&node_devices[nid]->node_work);
		break;

	case MEM_GOING_ONLINE:
	case MEM_GOING_OFFLINE:
	case MEM_CANCEL_ONLINE:
	case MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE:
	default:
		break;
	}

	return NOTIFY_OK;
}
#endif	/* CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */
#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE */

#if !defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE) || \
    !defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS)
static inline int node_memory_callback(struct notifier_block *self,
				unsigned long action, void *arg)
{
	return NOTIFY_OK;
}

static void init_node_hugetlb_work(int nid) { }

#endif

int __register_one_node(int nid)
{
	int error;
	int cpu;

	node_devices[nid] = kzalloc(sizeof(struct node), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!node_devices[nid])
		return -ENOMEM;

	error = register_node(node_devices[nid], nid);

	/* link cpu under this node */
	for_each_present_cpu(cpu) {
		if (cpu_to_node(cpu) == nid)
			register_cpu_under_node(cpu, nid);
	}

	/* initialize work queue for memory hot plug */
	init_node_hugetlb_work(nid);

	return error;
}

void unregister_one_node(int nid)
{
	if (!node_devices[nid])
		return;

	unregister_node(node_devices[nid]);
	node_devices[nid] = NULL;
}

/*
 * node states attributes
 */

static ssize_t print_nodes_state(enum node_states state, char *buf)
{
	int n;

	n = scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE - 1, "%*pbl",
		      nodemask_pr_args(&node_states[state]));
	buf[n++] = '\n';
	buf[n] = '\0';
	return n;
}

struct node_attr {
	struct device_attribute attr;
	enum node_states state;
};

static ssize_t show_node_state(struct device *dev,
			       struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct node_attr *na = container_of(attr, struct node_attr, attr);
	return print_nodes_state(na->state, buf);
}

#define _NODE_ATTR(name, state) \
	{ __ATTR(name, 0444, show_node_state, NULL), state }

static struct node_attr node_state_attr[] = {
	[N_POSSIBLE] = _NODE_ATTR(possible, N_POSSIBLE),
	[N_ONLINE] = _NODE_ATTR(online, N_ONLINE),
	[N_NORMAL_MEMORY] = _NODE_ATTR(has_normal_memory, N_NORMAL_MEMORY),
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
	[N_HIGH_MEMORY] = _NODE_ATTR(has_high_memory, N_HIGH_MEMORY),
#endif
	[N_MEMORY] = _NODE_ATTR(has_memory, N_MEMORY),
	[N_CPU] = _NODE_ATTR(has_cpu, N_CPU),
};

static struct attribute *node_state_attrs[] = {
	&node_state_attr[N_POSSIBLE].attr.attr,
	&node_state_attr[N_ONLINE].attr.attr,
	&node_state_attr[N_NORMAL_MEMORY].attr.attr,
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
	&node_state_attr[N_HIGH_MEMORY].attr.attr,
#endif
	&node_state_attr[N_MEMORY].attr.attr,
	&node_state_attr[N_CPU].attr.attr,
	NULL
};

static struct attribute_group memory_root_attr_group = {
	.attrs = node_state_attrs,
};

static const struct attribute_group *cpu_root_attr_groups[] = {
	&memory_root_attr_group,
	NULL,
};

#define NODE_CALLBACK_PRI	2	/* lower than SLAB */
static int __init register_node_type(void)
{
	int ret;

 	BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(node_state_attr) != NR_NODE_STATES);
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(node_state_attrs)-1 != NR_NODE_STATES);

	ret = subsys_system_register(&node_subsys, cpu_root_attr_groups);
	if (!ret) {
		static struct notifier_block node_memory_callback_nb = {
			.notifier_call = node_memory_callback,
			.priority = NODE_CALLBACK_PRI,
		};
		register_hotmemory_notifier(&node_memory_callback_nb);
	}

	/*
	 * Note:  we're not going to unregister the node class if we fail
	 * to register the node state class attribute files.
	 */
	return ret;
}
postcore_initcall(register_node_type);