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authorVlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>2014-06-04 16:10:41 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-06-04 16:54:11 -0700
commitbe9765722e6b7ece8263cbab857490332339bd6f (patch)
parent6e6870d4fd19e25332e7d975604497c8568949d9 (diff)
mm, compaction: properly signal and act upon lock and need_sched() contention
Compaction uses compact_checklock_irqsave() function to periodically check for lock contention and need_resched() to either abort async compaction, or to free the lock, schedule and retake the lock. When aborting, cc->contended is set to signal the contended state to the caller. Two problems have been identified in this mechanism. First, compaction also calls directly cond_resched() in both scanners when no lock is yet taken. This call either does not abort async compaction, or set cc->contended appropriately. This patch introduces a new compact_should_abort() function to achieve both. In isolate_freepages(), the check frequency is reduced to once by SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX pageblocks to match what the migration scanner does in the preliminary page checks. In case a pageblock is found suitable for calling isolate_freepages_block(), the checks within there are done on higher frequency. Second, isolate_freepages() does not check if isolate_freepages_block() aborted due to contention, and advances to the next pageblock. This violates the principle of aborting on contention, and might result in pageblocks not being scanned completely, since the scanning cursor is advanced. This problem has been noticed in the code by Joonsoo Kim when reviewing related patches. This patch makes isolate_freepages_block() check the cc->contended flag and abort. In case isolate_freepages() has already isolated some pages before aborting due to contention, page migration will proceed, which is OK since we do not want to waste the work that has been done, and page migration has own checks for contention. However, we do not want another isolation attempt by either of the scanners, so cc->contended flag check is added also to compaction_alloc() and compact_finished() to make sure compaction is aborted right after the migration. The outcome of the patch should be reduced lock contention by async compaction and lower latencies for higher-order allocations where direct compaction is involved. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo in comment] Reported-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com> Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Tested-by: Shawn Guo <shawn.guo@linaro.org> Tested-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org> Tested-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com> Tested-by: Fabio Estevam <fabio.estevam@freescale.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 files changed, 48 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index 58441220b953..21bf292b642a 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -222,6 +222,30 @@ static bool compact_checklock_irqsave(spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags,
return true;
+ * Aside from avoiding lock contention, compaction also periodically checks
+ * need_resched() and either schedules in sync compaction or aborts async
+ * compaction. This is similar to what compact_checklock_irqsave() does, but
+ * is used where no lock is concerned.
+ *
+ * Returns false when no scheduling was needed, or sync compaction scheduled.
+ * Returns true when async compaction should abort.
+ */
+static inline bool compact_should_abort(struct compact_control *cc)
+ /* async compaction aborts if contended */
+ if (need_resched()) {
+ if (cc->mode == MIGRATE_ASYNC) {
+ cc->contended = true;
+ return true;
+ }
+ cond_resched();
+ }
+ return false;
/* Returns true if the page is within a block suitable for migration to */
static bool suitable_migration_target(struct page *page)
@@ -494,11 +518,8 @@ isolate_migratepages_range(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc,
return 0;
- if (cond_resched()) {
- /* Async terminates prematurely on need_resched() */
- if (cc->mode == MIGRATE_ASYNC)
- return 0;
- }
+ if (compact_should_abort(cc))
+ return 0;
/* Time to isolate some pages for migration */
for (; low_pfn < end_pfn; low_pfn++) {
@@ -720,9 +741,11 @@ static void isolate_freepages(struct zone *zone,
* This can iterate a massively long zone without finding any
* suitable migration targets, so periodically check if we need
- * to schedule.
+ * to schedule, or even abort async compaction.
- cond_resched();
+ if (!(block_start_pfn % (SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX * pageblock_nr_pages))
+ && compact_should_abort(cc))
+ break;
if (!pfn_valid(block_start_pfn))
@@ -760,6 +783,13 @@ static void isolate_freepages(struct zone *zone,
if (isolated)
cc->finished_update_free = true;
+ /*
+ * isolate_freepages_block() might have aborted due to async
+ * compaction being contended
+ */
+ if (cc->contended)
+ break;
/* split_free_page does not map the pages */
@@ -786,9 +816,13 @@ static struct page *compaction_alloc(struct page *migratepage,
struct compact_control *cc = (struct compact_control *)data;
struct page *freepage;
- /* Isolate free pages if necessary */
+ /*
+ * Isolate free pages if necessary, and if we are not aborting due to
+ * contention.
+ */
if (list_empty(&cc->freepages)) {
- isolate_freepages(cc->zone, cc);
+ if (!cc->contended)
+ isolate_freepages(cc->zone, cc);
if (list_empty(&cc->freepages))
return NULL;
@@ -858,7 +892,7 @@ static int compact_finished(struct zone *zone,
unsigned int order;
unsigned long watermark;
- if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
+ if (cc->contended || fatal_signal_pending(current))
/* Compaction run completes if the migrate and free scanner meet */
diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
index 802c3a4fc03a..7f22a11fcc66 100644
--- a/mm/internal.h
+++ b/mm/internal.h
@@ -144,7 +144,10 @@ struct compact_control {
int order; /* order a direct compactor needs */
int migratetype; /* MOVABLE, RECLAIMABLE etc */
struct zone *zone;
- bool contended; /* True if a lock was contended */
+ bool contended; /* True if a lock was contended, or
+ * need_resched() true during async
+ * compaction
+ */
unsigned long