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authorJann Horn <jannh@google.com>2018-08-28 22:14:20 +0200
committerThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2018-09-03 15:12:09 +0200
commit9da3f2b74054406f87dff7101a569217ffceb29b (patch)
tree12dc39602e4c134a2becbe843925b1e65b6971d8
parent81fd9c18444ed1199b5a6f6776a395292d4256fb (diff)
x86/fault: BUG() when uaccess helpers fault on kernel addresses
There have been multiple kernel vulnerabilities that permitted userspace to pass completely unchecked pointers through to userspace accessors: - the waitid() bug - commit 96ca579a1ecc ("waitid(): Add missing access_ok() checks") - the sg/bsg read/write APIs - the infiniband read/write APIs These don't happen all that often, but when they do happen, it is hard to test for them properly; and it is probably also hard to discover them with fuzzing. Even when an unmapped kernel address is supplied to such buggy code, it just returns -EFAULT instead of doing a proper BUG() or at least WARN(). Try to make such misbehaving code a bit more visible by refusing to do a fixup in the pagefault handler code when a userspace accessor causes a #PF on a kernel address and the current context isn't whitelisted. Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Tested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com Cc: dvyukov@google.com Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Cc: "Naveen N. Rao" <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180828201421.157735-7-jannh@google.com
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/mm/extable.c58
-rw-r--r--fs/namespace.c2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched.h6
-rw-r--r--mm/maccess.c6
4 files changed, 72 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/extable.c b/arch/x86/mm/extable.c
index 856fa409c536..6521134057e8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/extable.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/extable.c
@@ -117,11 +117,67 @@ __visible bool ex_handler_fprestore(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ex_handler_fprestore);
+/* Helper to check whether a uaccess fault indicates a kernel bug. */
+static bool bogus_uaccess(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr,
+ unsigned long fault_addr)
+{
+ /* This is the normal case: #PF with a fault address in userspace. */
+ if (trapnr == X86_TRAP_PF && fault_addr < TASK_SIZE_MAX)
+ return false;
+
+ /*
+ * This code can be reached for machine checks, but only if the #MC
+ * handler has already decided that it looks like a candidate for fixup.
+ * This e.g. happens when attempting to access userspace memory which
+ * the CPU can't access because of uncorrectable bad memory.
+ */
+ if (trapnr == X86_TRAP_MC)
+ return false;
+
+ /*
+ * There are two remaining exception types we might encounter here:
+ * - #PF for faulting accesses to kernel addresses
+ * - #GP for faulting accesses to noncanonical addresses
+ * Complain about anything else.
+ */
+ if (trapnr != X86_TRAP_PF && trapnr != X86_TRAP_GP) {
+ WARN(1, "unexpected trap %d in uaccess\n", trapnr);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * This is a faulting memory access in kernel space, on a kernel
+ * address, in a usercopy function. This can e.g. be caused by improper
+ * use of helpers like __put_user and by improper attempts to access
+ * userspace addresses in KERNEL_DS regions.
+ * The one (semi-)legitimate exception are probe_kernel_{read,write}(),
+ * which can be invoked from places like kgdb, /dev/mem (for reading)
+ * and privileged BPF code (for reading).
+ * The probe_kernel_*() functions set the kernel_uaccess_faults_ok flag
+ * to tell us that faulting on kernel addresses, and even noncanonical
+ * addresses, in a userspace accessor does not necessarily imply a
+ * kernel bug, root might just be doing weird stuff.
+ */
+ if (current->kernel_uaccess_faults_ok)
+ return false;
+
+ /* This is bad. Refuse the fixup so that we go into die(). */
+ if (trapnr == X86_TRAP_PF) {
+ pr_emerg("BUG: pagefault on kernel address 0x%lx in non-whitelisted uaccess\n",
+ fault_addr);
+ } else {
+ pr_emerg("BUG: GPF in non-whitelisted uaccess (non-canonical address?)\n");
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
__visible bool ex_handler_uaccess(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup,
struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr,
unsigned long error_code,
unsigned long fault_addr)
{
+ if (bogus_uaccess(regs, trapnr, fault_addr))
+ return false;
regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup);
return true;
}
@@ -132,6 +188,8 @@ __visible bool ex_handler_ext(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup,
unsigned long error_code,
unsigned long fault_addr)
{
+ if (bogus_uaccess(regs, trapnr, fault_addr))
+ return false;
/* Special hack for uaccess_err */
current->thread.uaccess_err = 1;
regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup);
diff --git a/fs/namespace.c b/fs/namespace.c
index 99186556f8d3..d86830c86ce8 100644
--- a/fs/namespace.c
+++ b/fs/namespace.c
@@ -2642,6 +2642,7 @@ static long exact_copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user * from,
if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, from, n))
return n;
+ current->kernel_uaccess_faults_ok++;
while (n) {
if (__get_user(c, f)) {
memset(t, 0, n);
@@ -2651,6 +2652,7 @@ static long exact_copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user * from,
f++;
n--;
}
+ current->kernel_uaccess_faults_ok--;
return n;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 977cb57d7bc9..56dd65f1be4f 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -739,6 +739,12 @@ struct task_struct {
unsigned use_memdelay:1;
#endif
+ /*
+ * May usercopy functions fault on kernel addresses?
+ * This is not just a single bit because this can potentially nest.
+ */
+ unsigned int kernel_uaccess_faults_ok;
+
unsigned long atomic_flags; /* Flags requiring atomic access. */
struct restart_block restart_block;
diff --git a/mm/maccess.c b/mm/maccess.c
index ec00be51a24f..f3416632e5a4 100644
--- a/mm/maccess.c
+++ b/mm/maccess.c
@@ -30,8 +30,10 @@ long __probe_kernel_read(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size)
set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
pagefault_disable();
+ current->kernel_uaccess_faults_ok++;
ret = __copy_from_user_inatomic(dst,
(__force const void __user *)src, size);
+ current->kernel_uaccess_faults_ok--;
pagefault_enable();
set_fs(old_fs);
@@ -58,7 +60,9 @@ long __probe_kernel_write(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size)
set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
pagefault_disable();
+ current->kernel_uaccess_faults_ok++;
ret = __copy_to_user_inatomic((__force void __user *)dst, src, size);
+ current->kernel_uaccess_faults_ok--;
pagefault_enable();
set_fs(old_fs);
@@ -94,11 +98,13 @@ long strncpy_from_unsafe(char *dst, const void *unsafe_addr, long count)
set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
pagefault_disable();
+ current->kernel_uaccess_faults_ok++;
do {
ret = __get_user(*dst++, (const char __user __force *)src++);
} while (dst[-1] && ret == 0 && src - unsafe_addr < count);
+ current->kernel_uaccess_faults_ok--;
dst[-1] = '\0';
pagefault_enable();
set_fs(old_fs);