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authorPhil Auld <pauld@redhat.com>2018-10-08 10:36:40 -0400
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2018-11-10 07:39:23 -0800
commit6937db48a589ae2f57ad64d120877a30a3483a65 (patch)
treef4fd7c13486189ad9e977f051764ee6b3a157f2b
parent341d66bbf7f8fd00569da77897ec1c28c83c6201 (diff)
sched/fair: Fix throttle_list starvation with low CFS quota
commit baa9be4ffb55876923dc9716abc0a448e510ba30 upstream. With a very low cpu.cfs_quota_us setting, such as the minimum of 1000, distribute_cfs_runtime may not empty the throttled_list before it runs out of runtime to distribute. In that case, due to the change from c06f04c7048 to put throttled entries at the head of the list, later entries on the list will starve. Essentially, the same X processes will get pulled off the list, given CPU time and then, when expired, get put back on the head of the list where distribute_cfs_runtime will give runtime to the same set of processes leaving the rest. Fix the issue by setting a bit in struct cfs_bandwidth when distribute_cfs_runtime is running, so that the code in throttle_cfs_rq can decide to put the throttled entry on the tail or the head of the list. The bit is set/cleared by the callers of distribute_cfs_runtime while they hold cfs_bandwidth->lock. This is easy to reproduce with a handful of CPU consumers. I use 'crash' on the live system. In some cases you can simply look at the throttled list and see the later entries are not changing: crash> list cfs_rq.throttled_list -H 0xffff90b54f6ade40 -s cfs_rq.runtime_remaining | paste - - | awk '{print $1" "$4}' | pr -t -n3 1 ffff90b56cb2d200 -976050 2 ffff90b56cb2cc00 -484925 3 ffff90b56cb2bc00 -658814 4 ffff90b56cb2ba00 -275365 5 ffff90b166a45600 -135138 6 ffff90b56cb2da00 -282505 7 ffff90b56cb2e000 -148065 8 ffff90b56cb2fa00 -872591 9 ffff90b56cb2c000 -84687 10 ffff90b56cb2f000 -87237 11 ffff90b166a40a00 -164582 crash> list cfs_rq.throttled_list -H 0xffff90b54f6ade40 -s cfs_rq.runtime_remaining | paste - - | awk '{print $1" "$4}' | pr -t -n3 1 ffff90b56cb2d200 -994147 2 ffff90b56cb2cc00 -306051 3 ffff90b56cb2bc00 -961321 4 ffff90b56cb2ba00 -24490 5 ffff90b166a45600 -135138 6 ffff90b56cb2da00 -282505 7 ffff90b56cb2e000 -148065 8 ffff90b56cb2fa00 -872591 9 ffff90b56cb2c000 -84687 10 ffff90b56cb2f000 -87237 11 ffff90b166a40a00 -164582 Sometimes it is easier to see by finding a process getting starved and looking at the sched_info: crash> task ffff8eb765994500 sched_info PID: 7800 TASK: ffff8eb765994500 CPU: 16 COMMAND: "cputest" sched_info = { pcount = 8, run_delay = 697094208, last_arrival = 240260125039, last_queued = 240260327513 }, crash> task ffff8eb765994500 sched_info PID: 7800 TASK: ffff8eb765994500 CPU: 16 COMMAND: "cputest" sched_info = { pcount = 8, run_delay = 697094208, last_arrival = 240260125039, last_queued = 240260327513 }, Signed-off-by: Phil Auld <pauld@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Ben Segall <bsegall@google.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Fixes: c06f04c70489 ("sched: Fix potential near-infinite distribute_cfs_runtime() loop") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181008143639.GA4019@pauld.bos.csb Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/fair.c23
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/sched.h2
2 files changed, 22 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 07a75c150eeb..1874245abfb6 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -3416,9 +3416,14 @@ static void throttle_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
/*
* Add to the _head_ of the list, so that an already-started
- * distribute_cfs_runtime will not see us
+ * distribute_cfs_runtime will not see us. If disribute_cfs_runtime is
+ * not running add to the tail so that later runqueues don't get starved.
*/
- list_add_rcu(&cfs_rq->throttled_list, &cfs_b->throttled_cfs_rq);
+ if (cfs_b->distribute_running)
+ list_add_rcu(&cfs_rq->throttled_list, &cfs_b->throttled_cfs_rq);
+ else
+ list_add_tail_rcu(&cfs_rq->throttled_list, &cfs_b->throttled_cfs_rq);
+
if (!cfs_b->timer_active)
__start_cfs_bandwidth(cfs_b, false);
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
@@ -3562,14 +3567,16 @@ static int do_sched_cfs_period_timer(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b, int overrun)
* in us over-using our runtime if it is all used during this loop, but
* only by limited amounts in that extreme case.
*/
- while (throttled && cfs_b->runtime > 0) {
+ while (throttled && cfs_b->runtime > 0 && !cfs_b->distribute_running) {
runtime = cfs_b->runtime;
+ cfs_b->distribute_running = 1;
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
/* we can't nest cfs_b->lock while distributing bandwidth */
runtime = distribute_cfs_runtime(cfs_b, runtime,
runtime_expires);
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
+ cfs_b->distribute_running = 0;
throttled = !list_empty(&cfs_b->throttled_cfs_rq);
cfs_b->runtime -= min(runtime, cfs_b->runtime);
@@ -3680,6 +3687,11 @@ static void do_sched_cfs_slack_timer(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
/* confirm we're still not at a refresh boundary */
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
+ if (cfs_b->distribute_running) {
+ raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
+ return;
+ }
+
if (runtime_refresh_within(cfs_b, min_bandwidth_expiration)) {
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
return;
@@ -3689,6 +3701,9 @@ static void do_sched_cfs_slack_timer(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
runtime = cfs_b->runtime;
expires = cfs_b->runtime_expires;
+ if (runtime)
+ cfs_b->distribute_running = 1;
+
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
if (!runtime)
@@ -3699,6 +3714,7 @@ static void do_sched_cfs_slack_timer(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
if (expires == cfs_b->runtime_expires)
cfs_b->runtime -= min(runtime, cfs_b->runtime);
+ cfs_b->distribute_running = 0;
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
}
@@ -3790,6 +3806,7 @@ void init_cfs_bandwidth(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
cfs_b->period_timer.function = sched_cfs_period_timer;
hrtimer_init(&cfs_b->slack_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
cfs_b->slack_timer.function = sched_cfs_slack_timer;
+ cfs_b->distribute_running = 0;
}
static void init_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index f698089e10ca..959fef79effc 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -202,6 +202,8 @@ struct cfs_bandwidth {
/* statistics */
int nr_periods, nr_throttled;
u64 throttled_time;
+
+ bool distribute_running;
#endif
};