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authorAndi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>2018-06-13 15:48:27 -0700
committerThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2018-06-20 19:10:01 +0200
commit42e4089c7890725fcd329999252dc489b72f2921 (patch)
tree5fea1d094b1d98e1d2cab24acc1f380824259200
parent17dbca119312b4e8173d4e25ff64262119fcef38 (diff)
x86/speculation/l1tf: Disallow non privileged high MMIO PROT_NONE mappings
For L1TF PROT_NONE mappings are protected by inverting the PFN in the page table entry. This sets the high bits in the CPU's address space, thus making sure to point to not point an unmapped entry to valid cached memory. Some server system BIOSes put the MMIO mappings high up in the physical address space. If such an high mapping was mapped to unprivileged users they could attack low memory by setting such a mapping to PROT_NONE. This could happen through a special device driver which is not access protected. Normal /dev/mem is of course access protected. To avoid this forbid PROT_NONE mappings or mprotect for high MMIO mappings. Valid page mappings are allowed because the system is then unsafe anyways. It's not expected that users commonly use PROT_NONE on MMIO. But to minimize any impact this is only enforced if the mapping actually refers to a high MMIO address (defined as the MAX_PA-1 bit being set), and also skip the check for root. For mmaps this is straight forward and can be handled in vm_insert_pfn and in remap_pfn_range(). For mprotect it's a bit trickier. At the point where the actual PTEs are accessed a lot of state has been changed and it would be difficult to undo on an error. Since this is a uncommon case use a separate early page talk walk pass for MMIO PROT_NONE mappings that checks for this condition early. For non MMIO and non PROT_NONE there are no changes. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h8
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/mm/mmap.c21
-rw-r--r--include/asm-generic/pgtable.h12
-rw-r--r--mm/memory.c37
-rw-r--r--mm/mprotect.c49
5 files changed, 117 insertions, 10 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
index a9c89cb1a9c5..6a090a76fdca 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -1338,6 +1338,14 @@ static inline bool pud_access_permitted(pud_t pud, bool write)
return __pte_access_permitted(pud_val(pud), write);
}
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED 1
+extern bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot);
+
+static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void)
+{
+ return boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF);
+}
+
#include <asm-generic/pgtable.h>
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mmap.c b/arch/x86/mm/mmap.c
index 48c591251600..f40ab8185d94 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mmap.c
@@ -240,3 +240,24 @@ int valid_mmap_phys_addr_range(unsigned long pfn, size_t count)
return phys_addr_valid(addr + count - 1);
}
+
+/*
+ * Only allow root to set high MMIO mappings to PROT_NONE.
+ * This prevents an unpriv. user to set them to PROT_NONE and invert
+ * them, then pointing to valid memory for L1TF speculation.
+ *
+ * Note: for locked down kernels may want to disable the root override.
+ */
+bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF))
+ return true;
+ if (!__pte_needs_invert(pgprot_val(prot)))
+ return true;
+ /* If it's real memory always allow */
+ if (pfn_valid(pfn))
+ return true;
+ if (pfn > l1tf_pfn_limit() && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return false;
+ return true;
+}
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h b/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
index f59639afaa39..0ecc1197084b 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
@@ -1097,4 +1097,16 @@ static inline void init_espfix_bsp(void) { }
#endif
#endif
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED
+static inline bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+#endif
+
#endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_PGTABLE_H */
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 7206a634270b..3ba81b44a542 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -1886,6 +1886,9 @@ int vm_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end)
return -EFAULT;
+ if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot))
+ return -EACCES;
+
track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV));
ret = insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot,
@@ -1921,6 +1924,9 @@ static int __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn);
+ if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot))
+ return -EACCES;
+
/*
* If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid()
* based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must*
@@ -1982,6 +1988,7 @@ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
{
pte_t *pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;
+ int err = 0;
pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
if (!pte)
@@ -1989,12 +1996,16 @@ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
do {
BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte));
+ if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) {
+ err = -EACCES;
+ break;
+ }
set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot)));
pfn++;
} while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
pte_unmap_unlock(pte - 1, ptl);
- return 0;
+ return err;
}
static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud,
@@ -2003,6 +2014,7 @@ static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud,
{
pmd_t *pmd;
unsigned long next;
+ int err;
pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr);
@@ -2011,9 +2023,10 @@ static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud,
VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd));
do {
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
- if (remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next,
- pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot))
- return -ENOMEM;
+ err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next,
+ pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
} while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
@@ -2024,6 +2037,7 @@ static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d,
{
pud_t *pud;
unsigned long next;
+ int err;
pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr);
@@ -2031,9 +2045,10 @@ static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d,
return -ENOMEM;
do {
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
- if (remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next,
- pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot))
- return -ENOMEM;
+ err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next,
+ pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
} while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
@@ -2044,6 +2059,7 @@ static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd,
{
p4d_t *p4d;
unsigned long next;
+ int err;
pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr);
@@ -2051,9 +2067,10 @@ static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd,
return -ENOMEM;
do {
next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end);
- if (remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next,
- pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot))
- return -ENOMEM;
+ err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next,
+ pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
} while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/mm/mprotect.c b/mm/mprotect.c
index 625608bc8962..6d331620b9e5 100644
--- a/mm/mprotect.c
+++ b/mm/mprotect.c
@@ -306,6 +306,42 @@ unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
return pages;
}
+static int prot_none_pte_entry(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk)
+{
+ return pfn_modify_allowed(pte_pfn(*pte), *(pgprot_t *)(walk->private)) ?
+ 0 : -EACCES;
+}
+
+static int prot_none_hugetlb_entry(pte_t *pte, unsigned long hmask,
+ unsigned long addr, unsigned long next,
+ struct mm_walk *walk)
+{
+ return pfn_modify_allowed(pte_pfn(*pte), *(pgprot_t *)(walk->private)) ?
+ 0 : -EACCES;
+}
+
+static int prot_none_test(unsigned long addr, unsigned long next,
+ struct mm_walk *walk)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int prot_none_walk(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags)
+{
+ pgprot_t new_pgprot = vm_get_page_prot(newflags);
+ struct mm_walk prot_none_walk = {
+ .pte_entry = prot_none_pte_entry,
+ .hugetlb_entry = prot_none_hugetlb_entry,
+ .test_walk = prot_none_test,
+ .mm = current->mm,
+ .private = &new_pgprot,
+ };
+
+ return walk_page_range(start, end, &prot_none_walk);
+}
+
int
mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags)
@@ -324,6 +360,19 @@ mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev,
}
/*
+ * Do PROT_NONE PFN permission checks here when we can still
+ * bail out without undoing a lot of state. This is a rather
+ * uncommon case, so doesn't need to be very optimized.
+ */
+ if (arch_has_pfn_modify_check() &&
+ (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) &&
+ (newflags & (VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC)) == 0) {
+ error = prot_none_walk(vma, start, end, newflags);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
+ }
+
+ /*
* If we make a private mapping writable we increase our commit;
* but (without finer accounting) cannot reduce our commit if we
* make it unwritable again. hugetlb mapping were accounted for