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authorDave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>2018-05-11 11:20:57 +1000
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2019-02-06 19:43:08 +0100
commit16925957b829f725e71fe4a662552a80e3d7d0ad (patch)
parent57d813863143eb18769ac685d300487625f7e75a (diff)
fs: don't scan the inode cache before SB_BORN is set
commit 79f546a696bff2590169fb5684e23d65f4d9f591 upstream. We recently had an oops reported on a 4.14 kernel in xfs_reclaim_inodes_count() where sb->s_fs_info pointed to garbage and so the m_perag_tree lookup walked into lala land. It produces an oops down this path during the failed mount: radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag+0xc4/0x130 xfs_perag_get_tag+0x37/0xf0 xfs_reclaim_inodes_count+0x32/0x40 xfs_fs_nr_cached_objects+0x11/0x20 super_cache_count+0x35/0xc0 shrink_slab.part.66+0xb1/0x370 shrink_node+0x7e/0x1a0 try_to_free_pages+0x199/0x470 __alloc_pages_slowpath+0x3a1/0xd20 __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x1c3/0x200 cache_grow_begin+0x20b/0x2e0 fallback_alloc+0x160/0x200 kmem_cache_alloc+0x111/0x4e0 The problem is that the superblock shrinker is running before the filesystem structures it depends on have been fully set up. i.e. the shrinker is registered in sget(), before ->fill_super() has been called, and the shrinker can call into the filesystem before fill_super() does it's setup work. Essentially we are exposed to both use-after-free and use-before-initialisation bugs here. To fix this, add a check for the SB_BORN flag in super_cache_count. In general, this flag is not set until ->fs_mount() completes successfully, so we know that it is set after the filesystem setup has completed. This matches the trylock_super() behaviour which will not let super_cache_scan() run if SB_BORN is not set, and hence will not allow the superblock shrinker from entering the filesystem while it is being set up or after it has failed setup and is being torn down. Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-Off-By: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@linux.alibaba.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
1 files changed, 24 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
index 09b526a50986..b9cd7982f6e2 100644
--- a/fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/super.c
@@ -118,13 +118,23 @@ static unsigned long super_cache_count(struct shrinker *shrink,
sb = container_of(shrink, struct super_block, s_shrink);
- * Don't call trylock_super as it is a potential
- * scalability bottleneck. The counts could get updated
- * between super_cache_count and super_cache_scan anyway.
- * Call to super_cache_count with shrinker_rwsem held
- * ensures the safety of call to list_lru_shrink_count() and
- * s_op->nr_cached_objects().
+ * We don't call trylock_super() here as it is a scalability bottleneck,
+ * so we're exposed to partial setup state. The shrinker rwsem does not
+ * protect filesystem operations backing list_lru_shrink_count() or
+ * s_op->nr_cached_objects(). Counts can change between
+ * super_cache_count and super_cache_scan, so we really don't need locks
+ * here.
+ *
+ * However, if we are currently mounting the superblock, the underlying
+ * filesystem might be in a state of partial construction and hence it
+ * is dangerous to access it. trylock_super() uses a MS_BORN check to
+ * avoid this situation, so do the same here. The memory barrier is
+ * matched with the one in mount_fs() as we don't hold locks here.
+ if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_BORN))
+ return 0;
+ smp_rmb();
if (sb->s_op && sb->s_op->nr_cached_objects)
total_objects = sb->s_op->nr_cached_objects(sb, sc);
@@ -1133,6 +1143,14 @@ mount_fs(struct file_system_type *type, int flags, const char *name, void *data)
sb = root->d_sb;
+ /*
+ * Write barrier is for super_cache_count(). We place it before setting
+ * MS_BORN as the data dependency between the two functions is the
+ * superblock structure contents that we just set up, not the MS_BORN
+ * flag.
+ */
+ smp_wmb();
sb->s_flags |= MS_BORN;
error = security_sb_kern_mount(sb, flags, secdata);