Home Home > GIT Browse
diff options
authorEric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>2017-10-02 11:01:40 -0700
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-10-05 09:47:36 +0200
commit7c6bcb52072cb117e7792dca856944f05182bd19 (patch)
parentac9275090890e205860590cb4720567a283c55d6 (diff)
x86/fpu: Don't let userspace set bogus xcomp_bv
commit 814fb7bb7db5433757d76f4c4502c96fc53b0b5e upstream. On x86, userspace can use the ptrace() or rt_sigreturn() system calls to set a task's extended state (xstate) or "FPU" registers. ptrace() can set them for another task using the PTRACE_SETREGSET request with NT_X86_XSTATE, while rt_sigreturn() can set them for the current task. In either case, registers can be set to any value, but the kernel assumes that the XSAVE area itself remains valid in the sense that the CPU can restore it. However, in the case where the kernel is using the uncompacted xstate format (which it does whenever the XSAVES instruction is unavailable), it was possible for userspace to set the xcomp_bv field in the xstate_header to an arbitrary value. However, all bits in that field are reserved in the uncompacted case, so when switching to a task with nonzero xcomp_bv, the XRSTOR instruction failed with a #GP fault. This caused the WARN_ON_FPU(err) in copy_kernel_to_xregs() to be hit. In addition, since the error is otherwise ignored, the FPU registers from the task previously executing on the CPU were leaked. Fix the bug by checking that the user-supplied value of xcomp_bv is 0 in the uncompacted case, and returning an error otherwise. The reason for validating xcomp_bv rather than simply overwriting it with 0 is that we want userspace to see an error if it (incorrectly) provides an XSAVE area in compacted format rather than in uncompacted format. Note that as before, in case of error we clear the task's FPU state. This is perhaps non-ideal, especially for PTRACE_SETREGSET; it might be better to return an error before changing anything. But it seems the "clear on error" behavior is fine for now, and it's a little tricky to do otherwise because it would mean we couldn't simply copy the full userspace state into kernel memory in one __copy_from_user(). This bug was found by syzkaller, which hit the above-mentioned WARN_ON_FPU(): WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 0 at ./arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h:373 __switch_to+0x5b5/0x5d0 CPU: 1 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/1 Not tainted 4.13.0 #453 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011 task: ffff9ba2bc8e42c0 task.stack: ffffa78cc036c000 RIP: 0010:__switch_to+0x5b5/0x5d0 RSP: 0000:ffffa78cc08bbb88 EFLAGS: 00010082 RAX: 00000000fffffffe RBX: ffff9ba2b8bf2180 RCX: 00000000c0000100 RDX: 00000000ffffffff RSI: 000000005cb10700 RDI: ffff9ba2b8bf36c0 RBP: ffffa78cc08bbbd0 R08: 00000000929fdf46 R09: 0000000000000001 R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff9ba2bc8e42c0 R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff9ba2b8bf3680 R15: ffff9ba2bf5d7b40 FS: 00007f7e5cb10700(0000) GS:ffff9ba2bf400000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033 CR2: 00000000004005cc CR3: 0000000079fd5000 CR4: 00000000001406e0 Call Trace: Code: 84 00 00 00 00 00 e9 11 fd ff ff 0f ff 66 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 e9 e7 fa ff ff 0f ff 66 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 e9 c2 fa ff ff <0f> ff 66 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 e9 d4 fc ff ff 66 66 2e 0f 1f Here is a C reproducer. The expected behavior is that the program spin forever with no output. However, on a buggy kernel running on a processor with the "xsave" feature but without the "xsaves" feature (e.g. Sandy Bridge through Broadwell for Intel), within a second or two the program reports that the xmm registers were corrupted, i.e. were not restored correctly. With CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU=y it also hits the above kernel warning. #define _GNU_SOURCE #include <stdbool.h> #include <inttypes.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <sys/ptrace.h> #include <sys/uio.h> #include <sys/wait.h> #include <unistd.h> int main(void) { int pid = fork(); uint64_t xstate[512]; struct iovec iov = { .iov_base = xstate, .iov_len = sizeof(xstate) }; if (pid == 0) { bool tracee = true; for (int i = 0; i < sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN) && tracee; i++) tracee = (fork() != 0); uint32_t xmm0[4] = { [0 ... 3] = tracee ? 0x00000000 : 0xDEADBEEF }; asm volatile(" movdqu %0, %%xmm0\n" " mov %0, %%rbx\n" "1: movdqu %%xmm0, %0\n" " mov %0, %%rax\n" " cmp %%rax, %%rbx\n" " je 1b\n" : "+m" (xmm0) : : "rax", "rbx", "xmm0"); printf("BUG: xmm registers corrupted! tracee=%d, xmm0=%08X%08X%08X%08X\n", tracee, xmm0[0], xmm0[1], xmm0[2], xmm0[3]); } else { usleep(100000); ptrace(PTRACE_ATTACH, pid, 0, 0); wait(NULL); ptrace(PTRACE_GETREGSET, pid, NT_X86_XSTATE, &iov); xstate[65] = -1; ptrace(PTRACE_SETREGSET, pid, NT_X86_XSTATE, &iov); ptrace(PTRACE_CONT, pid, 0, 0); wait(NULL); } return 1; } Note: the program only tests for the bug using the ptrace() system call. The bug can also be reproduced using the rt_sigreturn() system call, but only when called from a 32-bit program, since for 64-bit programs the kernel restores the FPU state from the signal frame by doing XRSTOR directly from userspace memory (with proper error checking). Reported-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Eric Biggers <ebiggers3@gmail.com> Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com> Cc: Kevin Hao <haokexin@gmail.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Michael Halcrow <mhalcrow@google.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Wanpeng Li <wanpeng.li@hotmail.com> Cc: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com> Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com Fixes: 0b29643a5843 ("x86/xsaves: Change compacted format xsave area header") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170922174156.16780-2-ebiggers3@gmail.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170923130016.21448-25-mingo@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2 files changed, 11 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c
index b188b16841e3..8ab1a1f4d1c1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c
@@ -131,11 +131,16 @@ int xstateregs_set(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset,
- if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES))
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) {
ret = copyin_to_xsaves(kbuf, ubuf, xsave);
- else
+ } else {
ret = user_regset_copyin(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, xsave, 0, -1);
+ /* xcomp_bv must be 0 when using uncompacted format */
+ if (!ret && xsave->header.xcomp_bv)
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ }
* In case of failure, mark all states as init:
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
index 83c23c230b4c..3a9318610c4d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
@@ -329,6 +329,10 @@ static int __fpu__restore_sig(void __user *buf, void __user *buf_fx, int size)
} else {
err = __copy_from_user(&fpu->state.xsave,
buf_fx, state_size);
+ /* xcomp_bv must be 0 when using uncompacted format */
+ if (!err && state_size > offsetof(struct xregs_state, header) && fpu->state.xsave.header.xcomp_bv)
+ err = -EINVAL;
if (err || __copy_from_user(&env, buf, sizeof(env))) {