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authorThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2017-07-04 22:20:23 +0200
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-07-27 15:10:24 -0700
commit8e5772cd2c0aa7e2bc10d29fc45e10b5bfdc795a (patch)
parent991344678778f93a7a7dfb0f70c2d69a1c1d42d9 (diff)
smp/hotplug: Move unparking of percpu threads to the control CPU
commit 9cd4f1a4e7a858849e889a081a99adff83e08e4c upstream. Vikram reported the following backtrace: BUG: scheduling while atomic: swapper/7/0/0x00000002 CPU: 7 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/7 Not tainted 4.9.32-perf+ #680 schedule schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock schedule_hrtimeout wait_task_inactive __kthread_bind_mask __kthread_bind __kthread_unpark kthread_unpark cpuhp_online_idle cpu_startup_entry secondary_start_kernel He analyzed correctly that a parked cpu hotplug thread of an offlined CPU was still on the runqueue when the CPU came back online and tried to unpark it. This causes the thread which invoked kthread_unpark() to call wait_task_inactive() and subsequently schedule() with preemption disabled. His proposed workaround was to "make sure" that a parked thread has scheduled out when the CPU goes offline, so the situation cannot happen. But that's still wrong because the root cause is not the fact that the percpu thread is still on the runqueue and neither that preemption is disabled, which could be simply solved by enabling preemption before calling kthread_unpark(). The real issue is that the calling thread is the idle task of the upcoming CPU, which is not supposed to call anything which might sleep. The moron, who wrote that code, missed completely that kthread_unpark() might end up in schedule(). The solution is simpler than expected. The thread which controls the hotplug operation is waiting for the CPU to call complete() on the hotplug state completion. So the idle task of the upcoming CPU can set its state to CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE and invoke complete(). This in turn wakes the control task on a different CPU, which then can safely do the unpark and kick the now unparked hotplug thread of the upcoming CPU to complete the bringup to the final target state. Control CPU AP bringup_cpu(); __cpu_up() ------------> bringup_ap(); bringup_wait_for_ap() wait_for_completion(); cpuhp_online_idle(); <------------ complete(); unpark(AP->stopper); unpark(AP->hotplugthread); while(1) do_idle(); kick(AP->hotplugthread); wait_for_completion(); hotplug_thread() run_online_callbacks(); complete(); Fixes: 8df3e07e7f21 ("cpu/hotplug: Let upcoming cpu bring itself fully up") Reported-by: Vikram Mulukutla <markivx@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Sebastian Sewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.20.1707042218020.2131@nanos Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
1 files changed, 19 insertions, 18 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
index cb5103413bd8..32b47ff3523c 100644
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -346,11 +346,25 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpu_hotplug_enable);
/* Notifier wrappers for transitioning to state machine */
+static void __cpuhp_kick_ap_work(struct cpuhp_cpu_state *st);
static int bringup_wait_for_ap(unsigned int cpu)
struct cpuhp_cpu_state *st = per_cpu_ptr(&cpuhp_state, cpu);
+ /* Wait for the CPU to reach CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE */
+ BUG_ON(!cpu_online(cpu));
+ /* Unpark the stopper thread and the hotplug thread of the target cpu */
+ stop_machine_unpark(cpu);
+ kthread_unpark(st->thread);
+ /* Should we go further up ? */
+ if (st->target > CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE) {
+ __cpuhp_kick_ap_work(st);
+ wait_for_completion(&st->done);
+ }
return st->result;
@@ -371,9 +385,7 @@ static int bringup_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
if (ret)
return ret;
- ret = bringup_wait_for_ap(cpu);
- BUG_ON(!cpu_online(cpu));
- return ret;
+ return bringup_wait_for_ap(cpu);
@@ -859,31 +871,20 @@ void notify_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)
- * Called from the idle task. We need to set active here, so we can kick off
- * the stopper thread and unpark the smpboot threads. If the target state is
- * beyond CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE we kick cpuhp thread and let it bring up the
- * cpu further.
+ * Called from the idle task. Wake up the controlling task which brings the
+ * stopper and the hotplug thread of the upcoming CPU up and then delegates
+ * the rest of the online bringup to the hotplug thread.
void cpuhp_online_idle(enum cpuhp_state state)
struct cpuhp_cpu_state *st = this_cpu_ptr(&cpuhp_state);
- unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
/* Happens for the boot cpu */
if (state != CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE)
- /* Unpark the stopper thread and the hotplug thread of this cpu */
- stop_machine_unpark(cpu);
- kthread_unpark(st->thread);
- /* Should we go further up ? */
- if (st->target > CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE)
- __cpuhp_kick_ap_work(st);
- else
- complete(&st->done);
+ complete(&st->done);
/* Requires cpu_add_remove_lock to be held */