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authorMel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>2016-02-26 15:19:31 -0800
committerSasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>2016-03-09 13:15:12 -0500
commit419ddc3099727a291a67d41498c3d1caddb75392 (patch)
treec29a75696224547f9e3f92505335662f8abad2a8
parentd347d0e9ae617bd44ca7679786ebf11a06d50372 (diff)
mm: numa: quickly fail allocations for NUMA balancing on full nodes
[ Upstream commit 8479eba7781fa9ffb28268840de6facfc12c35a7 ] Commit 4167e9b2cf10 ("mm: remove GFP_THISNODE") removed the GFP_THISNODE flag combination due to confusing semantics. It noted that alloc_misplaced_dst_page() was one such user after changes made by commit e97ca8e5b864 ("mm: fix GFP_THISNODE callers and clarify"). Unfortunately when GFP_THISNODE was removed, users of alloc_misplaced_dst_page() started waking kswapd and entering direct reclaim because the wrong GFP flags are cleared. The consequence is that workloads that used to fit into memory now get reclaimed which is addressed by this patch. The problem can be demonstrated with "mutilate" that exercises memcached which is software dedicated to memory object caching. The configuration uses 80% of memory and is run 3 times for varying numbers of clients. The results on a 4-socket NUMA box are mutilate 4.4.0 4.4.0 vanilla numaswap-v1 Hmean 1 8394.71 ( 0.00%) 8395.32 ( 0.01%) Hmean 4 30024.62 ( 0.00%) 34513.54 ( 14.95%) Hmean 7 32821.08 ( 0.00%) 70542.96 (114.93%) Hmean 12 55229.67 ( 0.00%) 93866.34 ( 69.96%) Hmean 21 39438.96 ( 0.00%) 85749.21 (117.42%) Hmean 30 37796.10 ( 0.00%) 50231.49 ( 32.90%) Hmean 47 18070.91 ( 0.00%) 38530.13 (113.22%) The metric is queries/second with the more the better. The results are way outside of the noise and the reason for the improvement is obvious from some of the vmstats 4.4.0 4.4.0 vanillanumaswap-v1r1 Minor Faults 1929399272 2146148218 Major Faults 19746529 3567 Swap Ins 57307366 9913 Swap Outs 50623229 17094 Allocation stalls 35909 443 DMA allocs 0 0 DMA32 allocs 72976349 170567396 Normal allocs 5306640898 5310651252 Movable allocs 0 0 Direct pages scanned 404130893 799577 Kswapd pages scanned 160230174 0 Kswapd pages reclaimed 55928786 0 Direct pages reclaimed 1843936 41921 Page writes file 2391 0 Page writes anon 50623229 17094 The vanilla kernel is swapping like crazy with large amounts of direct reclaim and kswapd activity. The figures are aggregate but it's known that the bad activity is throughout the entire test. Note that simple streaming anon/file memory consumers also see this problem but it's not as obvious. In those cases, kswapd is awake when it should not be. As there are at least two reclaim-related bugs out there, it's worth spelling out the user-visible impact. This patch only addresses bugs related to excessive reclaim on NUMA hardware when the working set is larger than a NUMA node. There is a bug related to high kswapd CPU usage but the reports are against laptops and other UMA hardware and is not addressed by this patch. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.1+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
-rw-r--r--mm/migrate.c2
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index 2c37b1a44a8c..8c4841a6dc4c 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -1557,7 +1557,7 @@ static struct page *alloc_misplaced_dst_page(struct page *page,
(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE |
__GFP_THISNODE | __GFP_NOMEMALLOC |
__GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN) &
- ~GFP_IOFS, 0);
+ ~__GFP_WAIT, 0);
return newpage;
}