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authorAlan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>2012-07-09 11:09:21 -0400
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2012-07-10 09:52:05 -0700
commitdbf0e4c7257f8d684ec1a3c919853464293de66e (patch)
parentb086b6b10d9f182cd8d2f0dcfd7fd11edba93fc9 (diff)
PCI: EHCI: fix crash during suspend on ASUS computers
Quite a few ASUS computers experience a nasty problem, related to the EHCI controllers, when going into system suspend. It was observed that the problem didn't occur if the controllers were not put into the D3 power state before starting the suspend, and commit 151b61284776be2d6f02d48c23c3625678960b97 (USB: EHCI: fix crash during suspend on ASUS computers) was created to do this. It turned out this approach messed up other computers that didn't have the problem -- it prevented USB wakeup from working. Consequently commit c2fb8a3fa25513de8fedb38509b1f15a5bbee47b (USB: add NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP flag and revert 151b61284776be2) was merged; it reverted the earlier commit and added a whitelist of known good board names. Now we know the actual cause of the problem. Thanks to AceLan Kao for tracking it down. According to him, an engineer at ASUS explained that some of their BIOSes contain a bug that was added in an attempt to work around a problem in early versions of Windows. When the computer goes into S3 suspend, the BIOS tries to verify that the EHCI controllers were first quiesced by the OS. Nothing's wrong with this, but the BIOS does it by checking that the PCI COMMAND registers contain 0 without checking the controllers' power state. If the register isn't 0, the BIOS assumes the controller needs to be quiesced and tries to do so. This involves making various MMIO accesses to the controller, which don't work very well if the controller is already in D3. The end result is a system hang or memory corruption. Since the value in the PCI COMMAND register doesn't matter once the controller has been suspended, and since the value will be restored anyway when the controller is resumed, we can work around the BIOS bug simply by setting the register to 0 during system suspend. This patch (as1590) does so and also reverts the second commit mentioned above, which is now unnecessary. In theory we could do this for every PCI device. However to avoid introducing new problems, the patch restricts itself to EHCI host controllers. Finally the affected systems can suspend with USB wakeup working properly. Reference: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=37632 Reference: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=42728 Based-on-patch-by: AceLan Kao <acelan.kao@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Tested-by: Dâniel Fraga <fragabr@gmail.com> Tested-by: Javier Marcet <jmarcet@gmail.com> Tested-by: Andrey Rahmatullin <wrar@wrar.name> Tested-by: Oleksij Rempel <bug-track@fisher-privat.net> Tested-by: Pavel Pisa <pisa@cmp.felk.cvut.cz> Cc: stable <stable@vger.kernel.org> Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
4 files changed, 12 insertions, 33 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
index bf0cee629b60..099f46cd8e87 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
@@ -748,6 +748,18 @@ static int pci_pm_suspend_noirq(struct device *dev)
+ /*
+ * Some BIOSes from ASUS have a bug: If a USB EHCI host controller's
+ * PCI COMMAND register isn't 0, the BIOS assumes that the controller
+ * hasn't been quiesced and tries to turn it off. If the controller
+ * is already in D3, this can hang or cause memory corruption.
+ *
+ * Since the value of the COMMAND register doesn't matter once the
+ * device has been suspended, we can safely set it to 0 here.
+ */
+ if (pci_dev->class == PCI_CLASS_SERIAL_USB_EHCI)
+ pci_write_config_word(pci_dev, PCI_COMMAND, 0);
return 0;
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci.c b/drivers/pci/pci.c
index 77cb54a65cde..447e83472c01 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci.c
@@ -1744,11 +1744,6 @@ int pci_prepare_to_sleep(struct pci_dev *dev)
if (target_state == PCI_POWER_ERROR)
return -EIO;
- /* Some devices mustn't be in D3 during system sleep */
- if (target_state == PCI_D3hot &&
- (dev->dev_flags & PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP))
- return 0;
pci_enable_wake(dev, target_state, device_may_wakeup(&dev->dev));
error = pci_set_power_state(dev, target_state);
diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
index 194b243a2817..2a7521677541 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
@@ -2929,32 +2929,6 @@ static void __devinit disable_igfx_irq(struct pci_dev *dev)
- * The Intel 6 Series/C200 Series chipset's EHCI controllers on many
- * ASUS motherboards will cause memory corruption or a system crash
- * if they are in D3 while the system is put into S3 sleep.
- */
-static void __devinit asus_ehci_no_d3(struct pci_dev *dev)
- const char *sys_info;
- static const char good_Asus_board[] = "P8Z68-V";
- if (dev->dev_flags & PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP)
- return;
- if (dev->subsystem_vendor != PCI_VENDOR_ID_ASUSTEK)
- return;
- sys_info = dmi_get_system_info(DMI_BOARD_NAME);
- if (sys_info && memcmp(sys_info, good_Asus_board,
- sizeof(good_Asus_board) - 1) == 0)
- return;
- dev_info(&dev->dev, "broken D3 during system sleep on ASUS\n");
- dev->dev_flags |= PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP;
- device_set_wakeup_capable(&dev->dev, false);
static void pci_do_fixups(struct pci_dev *dev, struct pci_fixup *f,
struct pci_fixup *end)
diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
index fefb4e19bf6a..d8c379dba6ad 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -176,8 +176,6 @@ enum pci_dev_flags {
PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3 = (__force pci_dev_flags_t) 2,
/* Provide indication device is assigned by a Virtual Machine Manager */
PCI_DEV_FLAGS_ASSIGNED = (__force pci_dev_flags_t) 4,
- /* Device causes system crash if in D3 during S3 sleep */
- PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP = (__force pci_dev_flags_t) 8,
enum pci_irq_reroute_variant {