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authorMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>2016-10-16 11:55:00 +0200
committerBen Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>2016-10-20 23:41:00 +0100
commit243f858d7045b710a31c377112578387ead4dde1 (patch)
parentf098a0c6d8ae69c9c4f8788c7157ecbb55eafa26 (diff)
mm, gup: close FOLL MAP_PRIVATE race
commit 19be0eaffa3ac7d8eb6784ad9bdbc7d67ed8e619 upstream. faultin_page drops FOLL_WRITE after the page fault handler did the CoW and then we retry follow_page_mask to get our CoWed page. This is racy, however because the page might have been unmapped by that time and so we would have to do a page fault again, this time without CoW. This would cause the page cache corruption for FOLL_FORCE on MAP_PRIVATE read only mappings with obvious consequences. This is an ancient bug that was actually already fixed once by Linus eleven years ago in commit 4ceb5db9757a ("Fix get_user_pages() race for write access") but that was then undone due to problems on s390 by commit f33ea7f404e5 ("fix get_user_pages bug") because s390 didn't have proper dirty pte tracking until abf09bed3cce ("s390/mm: implement software dirty bits"). This wasn't a problem at the time as pointed out by Hugh Dickins because madvise relied on mmap_sem for write up until 0a27a14a6292 ("mm: madvise avoid exclusive mmap_sem") but since then we can race with madvise which can unmap the fresh COWed page or with KSM and corrupt the content of the shared page. This patch is based on the Linus' approach to not clear FOLL_WRITE after the CoW page fault (aka VM_FAULT_WRITE) but instead introduces FOLL_COW to note this fact. The flag is then rechecked during follow_pfn_pte to enforce the page fault again if we do not see the CoWed page. Linus was suggesting to check pte_dirty again as s390 is OK now. But that would make backporting to some old kernels harder. So instead let's just make sure that vm_normal_page sees a pure anonymous page. This would guarantee we are seeing a real CoW page. Introduce can_follow_write_pte which checks both pte_write and falls back to PageAnon on forced write faults which passed CoW already. Thanks to Hugh to point out that a special care has to be taken for KSM pages because our COWed page might have been merged with a KSM one and keep its PageAnon flag. Fixes: 0a27a14a6292 ("mm: madvise avoid exclusive mmap_sem") Reported-by: Phil "not Paul" Oester <kernel@linuxace.com> Disclosed-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> [bwh: Backported to 3.2: - Adjust filename, context, indentation - The 'no_page' exit path in follow_page() is different, so open-code the cleanup - Delete a now-unused label] Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
2 files changed, 29 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index e5ee683b0ad3..16394da01d2d 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1527,6 +1527,7 @@ struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long address,
#define FOLL_MLOCK 0x40 /* mark page as mlocked */
#define FOLL_SPLIT 0x80 /* don't return transhuge pages, split them */
#define FOLL_HWPOISON 0x100 /* check page is hwpoisoned */
+#define FOLL_COW 0x4000 /* internal GUP flag */
typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, pgtable_t token, unsigned long addr,
void *data);
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 675b211296fd..2917e9b2e4d4 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -1427,6 +1427,24 @@ int zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
+static inline bool can_follow_write_pte(pte_t pte, struct page *page,
+ unsigned int flags)
+ if (pte_write(pte))
+ return true;
+ /*
+ * Make sure that we are really following CoWed page. We do not really
+ * have to care about exclusiveness of the page because we only want
+ * to ensure that once COWed page hasn't disappeared in the meantime
+ * or it hasn't been merged to a KSM page.
+ */
+ if ((flags & FOLL_FORCE) && (flags & FOLL_COW))
+ return page && PageAnon(page) && !PageKsm(page);
+ return false;
* follow_page - look up a page descriptor from a user-virtual address
* @vma: vm_area_struct mapping @address
@@ -1509,10 +1527,13 @@ split_fallthrough:
pte = *ptep;
if (!pte_present(pte))
goto no_page;
- if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte))
- goto unlock;
page = vm_normal_page(vma, address, pte);
+ if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !can_follow_write_pte(pte, page, flags)) {
+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
+ return NULL;
+ }
if (unlikely(!page)) {
if ((flags & FOLL_DUMP) ||
@@ -1555,7 +1576,7 @@ split_fallthrough:
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
return page;
@@ -1789,17 +1810,13 @@ int __get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
* The VM_FAULT_WRITE bit tells us that
* do_wp_page has broken COW when necessary,
* even if maybe_mkwrite decided not to set
- * pte_write. We can thus safely do subsequent
- * page lookups as if they were reads. But only
- * do so when looping for pte_write is futile:
- * in some cases userspace may also be wanting
- * to write to the gotten user page, which a
- * read fault here might prevent (a readonly
- * page might get reCOWed by userspace write).
+ * pte_write. We cannot simply drop FOLL_WRITE
+ * here because the COWed page might be gone by
+ * the time we do the subsequent page lookups.
if ((ret & VM_FAULT_WRITE) &&
!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
- foll_flags &= ~FOLL_WRITE;
+ foll_flags |= FOLL_COW;