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authorDavid Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>2014-03-03 15:38:18 -0800
committerJiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz>2014-04-03 10:32:30 +0200
commit9a110858ed2e494b8be683c6959113f73685eb1f (patch)
treef0d5ccb54fbab1a36422b8c4ffff713a4ea010cf
parent2c34f0e29e5edb61af1d5cf8030da18fb9e8d1c1 (diff)
mm: close PageTail race
commit 668f9abbd4334e6c29fa8acd71635c4f9101caa7 upstream. Commit bf6bddf1924e ("mm: introduce compaction and migration for ballooned pages") introduces page_count(page) into memory compaction which dereferences page->first_page if PageTail(page). This results in a very rare NULL pointer dereference on the aforementioned page_count(page). Indeed, anything that does compound_head(), including page_count() is susceptible to racing with prep_compound_page() and seeing a NULL or dangling page->first_page pointer. This patch uses Andrea's implementation of compound_trans_head() that deals with such a race and makes it the default compound_head() implementation. This includes a read memory barrier that ensures that if PageTail(head) is true that we return a head page that is neither NULL nor dangling. The patch then adds a store memory barrier to prep_compound_page() to ensure page->first_page is set. This is the safest way to ensure we see the head page that we are expecting, PageTail(page) is already in the unlikely() path and the memory barriers are unfortunately required. Hugetlbfs is the exception, we don't enforce a store memory barrier during init since no race is possible. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Holger Kiehl <Holger.Kiehl@dwd.de> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz>
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c4
-rw-r--r--drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c4
-rw-r--r--fs/proc/page.c2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/huge_mm.h18
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm.h14
-rw-r--r--mm/ksm.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/memory-failure.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/page_alloc.c4
-rw-r--r--mm/swap.c4
9 files changed, 24 insertions, 30 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c b/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c
index d2515435e23f..8fb295350efb 100644
--- a/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c
+++ b/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c
@@ -905,7 +905,7 @@ bio_pageinc(struct bio *bio)
/* Non-zero page count for non-head members of
* compound pages is no longer allowed by the kernel.
*/
- page = compound_trans_head(bv->bv_page);
+ page = compound_head(bv->bv_page);
atomic_inc(&page->_count);
}
}
@@ -918,7 +918,7 @@ bio_pagedec(struct bio *bio)
int i;
bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, i) {
- page = compound_trans_head(bv->bv_page);
+ page = compound_head(bv->bv_page);
atomic_dec(&page->_count);
}
}
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 4fb7a8f83c8a..54af4e933695 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -186,12 +186,12 @@ static bool is_invalid_reserved_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
if (pfn_valid(pfn)) {
bool reserved;
struct page *tail = pfn_to_page(pfn);
- struct page *head = compound_trans_head(tail);
+ struct page *head = compound_head(tail);
reserved = !!(PageReserved(head));
if (head != tail) {
/*
* "head" is not a dangling pointer
- * (compound_trans_head takes care of that)
+ * (compound_head takes care of that)
* but the hugepage may have been split
* from under us (and we may not hold a
* reference count on the head page so it can
diff --git a/fs/proc/page.c b/fs/proc/page.c
index b8730d9ebaee..2a8cc94bb641 100644
--- a/fs/proc/page.c
+++ b/fs/proc/page.c
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page)
* just checks PG_head/PG_tail, so we need to check PageLRU to make
* sure a given page is a thp, not a non-huge compound page.
*/
- else if (PageTransCompound(page) && PageLRU(compound_trans_head(page)))
+ else if (PageTransCompound(page) && PageLRU(compound_head(page)))
u |= 1 << KPF_THP;
/*
diff --git a/include/linux/huge_mm.h b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
index 3935428c57cf..a291552ab767 100644
--- a/include/linux/huge_mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
@@ -156,23 +156,6 @@ static inline int hpage_nr_pages(struct page *page)
return HPAGE_PMD_NR;
return 1;
}
-static inline struct page *compound_trans_head(struct page *page)
-{
- if (PageTail(page)) {
- struct page *head;
- head = page->first_page;
- smp_rmb();
- /*
- * head may be a dangling pointer.
- * __split_huge_page_refcount clears PageTail before
- * overwriting first_page, so if PageTail is still
- * there it means the head pointer isn't dangling.
- */
- if (PageTail(page))
- return head;
- }
- return page;
-}
extern int do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd, pmd_t *pmdp);
@@ -202,7 +185,6 @@ static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page)
do { } while (0)
#define split_huge_page_pmd_mm(__mm, __address, __pmd) \
do { } while (0)
-#define compound_trans_head(page) compound_head(page)
static inline int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 648bcb007eba..073734339583 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -371,8 +371,18 @@ static inline void compound_unlock_irqrestore(struct page *page,
static inline struct page *compound_head(struct page *page)
{
- if (unlikely(PageTail(page)))
- return page->first_page;
+ if (unlikely(PageTail(page))) {
+ struct page *head = page->first_page;
+
+ /*
+ * page->first_page may be a dangling pointer to an old
+ * compound page, so recheck that it is still a tail
+ * page before returning.
+ */
+ smp_rmb();
+ if (likely(PageTail(page)))
+ return head;
+ }
return page;
}
diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
index 0bea2b262a47..c78fff1e9eae 100644
--- a/mm/ksm.c
+++ b/mm/ksm.c
@@ -444,7 +444,7 @@ static void break_cow(struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
static struct page *page_trans_compound_anon(struct page *page)
{
if (PageTransCompound(page)) {
- struct page *head = compound_trans_head(page);
+ struct page *head = compound_head(page);
/*
* head may actually be splitted and freed from under
* us but it's ok here.
diff --git a/mm/memory-failure.c b/mm/memory-failure.c
index de476c2f8827..5ea3cf734138 100644
--- a/mm/memory-failure.c
+++ b/mm/memory-failure.c
@@ -1659,7 +1659,7 @@ int soft_offline_page(struct page *page, int flags)
{
int ret;
unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
- struct page *hpage = compound_trans_head(page);
+ struct page *hpage = compound_head(page);
if (PageHWPoison(page)) {
pr_info("soft offline: %#lx page already poisoned\n", pfn);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 06f847933eeb..6fca39097766 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -369,9 +369,11 @@ void prep_compound_page(struct page *page, unsigned long order)
__SetPageHead(page);
for (i = 1; i < nr_pages; i++) {
struct page *p = page + i;
- __SetPageTail(p);
set_page_count(p, 0);
p->first_page = page;
+ /* Make sure p->first_page is always valid for PageTail() */
+ smp_wmb();
+ __SetPageTail(p);
}
}
diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
index 0c8f7a471925..aa4da5d9401d 100644
--- a/mm/swap.c
+++ b/mm/swap.c
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ static void put_compound_page(struct page *page)
{
if (unlikely(PageTail(page))) {
/* __split_huge_page_refcount can run under us */
- struct page *page_head = compound_trans_head(page);
+ struct page *page_head = compound_head(page);
if (likely(page != page_head &&
get_page_unless_zero(page_head))) {
@@ -222,7 +222,7 @@ bool __get_page_tail(struct page *page)
*/
unsigned long flags;
bool got = false;
- struct page *page_head = compound_trans_head(page);
+ struct page *page_head = compound_head(page);
if (likely(page != page_head && get_page_unless_zero(page_head))) {
/* Ref to put_compound_page() comment. */