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authorRafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>2010-12-03 22:57:45 +0100
committerRafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>2010-12-06 23:52:08 +0100
commitc9e664f1fdf34aa8cede047b206deaa8f1945af0 (patch)
tree6038002f46173ca785936ac2fe54177197f98a08
parent9f339caf8454f0c21983111350ede93983db4340 (diff)
PM / Hibernate: Fix memory corruption related to swap
There is a problem that swap pages allocated before the creation of a hibernation image can be released and used for storing the contents of different memory pages while the image is being saved. Since the kernel stored in the image doesn't know of that, it causes memory corruption to occur after resume from hibernation, especially on systems with relatively small RAM that need to swap often. This issue can be addressed by keeping the GFP_IOFS bits clear in gfp_allowed_mask during the entire hibernation, including the saving of the image, until the system is finally turned off or the hibernation is aborted. Unfortunately, for this purpose it's necessary to rework the way in which the hibernate and suspend code manipulates gfp_allowed_mask. This change is based on an earlier patch from Hugh Dickins. Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Reported-by: Ondrej Zary <linux@rainbow-software.org> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: stable@kernel.org
-rw-r--r--include/linux/gfp.h4
-rw-r--r--kernel/power/hibernate.c22
-rw-r--r--kernel/power/suspend.c5
-rw-r--r--kernel/power/user.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/page_alloc.c19
5 files changed, 30 insertions, 22 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/gfp.h b/include/linux/gfp.h
index e8713d55360a..f54adfcbec9c 100644
--- a/include/linux/gfp.h
+++ b/include/linux/gfp.h
@@ -360,7 +360,7 @@ void drain_local_pages(void *dummy);
extern gfp_t gfp_allowed_mask;
-extern void set_gfp_allowed_mask(gfp_t mask);
-extern gfp_t clear_gfp_allowed_mask(gfp_t mask);
+extern void pm_restrict_gfp_mask(void);
+extern void pm_restore_gfp_mask(void);
#endif /* __LINUX_GFP_H */
diff --git a/kernel/power/hibernate.c b/kernel/power/hibernate.c
index 657272e91d0a..048d0b514831 100644
--- a/kernel/power/hibernate.c
+++ b/kernel/power/hibernate.c
@@ -327,7 +327,6 @@ static int create_image(int platform_mode)
int hibernation_snapshot(int platform_mode)
{
int error;
- gfp_t saved_mask;
error = platform_begin(platform_mode);
if (error)
@@ -339,7 +338,7 @@ int hibernation_snapshot(int platform_mode)
goto Close;
suspend_console();
- saved_mask = clear_gfp_allowed_mask(GFP_IOFS);
+ pm_restrict_gfp_mask();
error = dpm_suspend_start(PMSG_FREEZE);
if (error)
goto Recover_platform;
@@ -348,7 +347,10 @@ int hibernation_snapshot(int platform_mode)
goto Recover_platform;
error = create_image(platform_mode);
- /* Control returns here after successful restore */
+ /*
+ * Control returns here (1) after the image has been created or the
+ * image creation has failed and (2) after a successful restore.
+ */
Resume_devices:
/* We may need to release the preallocated image pages here. */
@@ -357,7 +359,10 @@ int hibernation_snapshot(int platform_mode)
dpm_resume_end(in_suspend ?
(error ? PMSG_RECOVER : PMSG_THAW) : PMSG_RESTORE);
- set_gfp_allowed_mask(saved_mask);
+
+ if (error || !in_suspend)
+ pm_restore_gfp_mask();
+
resume_console();
Close:
platform_end(platform_mode);
@@ -452,17 +457,16 @@ static int resume_target_kernel(bool platform_mode)
int hibernation_restore(int platform_mode)
{
int error;
- gfp_t saved_mask;
pm_prepare_console();
suspend_console();
- saved_mask = clear_gfp_allowed_mask(GFP_IOFS);
+ pm_restrict_gfp_mask();
error = dpm_suspend_start(PMSG_QUIESCE);
if (!error) {
error = resume_target_kernel(platform_mode);
dpm_resume_end(PMSG_RECOVER);
}
- set_gfp_allowed_mask(saved_mask);
+ pm_restore_gfp_mask();
resume_console();
pm_restore_console();
return error;
@@ -476,7 +480,6 @@ int hibernation_restore(int platform_mode)
int hibernation_platform_enter(void)
{
int error;
- gfp_t saved_mask;
if (!hibernation_ops)
return -ENOSYS;
@@ -492,7 +495,6 @@ int hibernation_platform_enter(void)
entering_platform_hibernation = true;
suspend_console();
- saved_mask = clear_gfp_allowed_mask(GFP_IOFS);
error = dpm_suspend_start(PMSG_HIBERNATE);
if (error) {
if (hibernation_ops->recover)
@@ -536,7 +538,6 @@ int hibernation_platform_enter(void)
Resume_devices:
entering_platform_hibernation = false;
dpm_resume_end(PMSG_RESTORE);
- set_gfp_allowed_mask(saved_mask);
resume_console();
Close:
@@ -646,6 +647,7 @@ int hibernate(void)
swsusp_free();
if (!error)
power_down();
+ pm_restore_gfp_mask();
} else {
pr_debug("PM: Image restored successfully.\n");
}
diff --git a/kernel/power/suspend.c b/kernel/power/suspend.c
index 7335952ee473..ecf770509d0d 100644
--- a/kernel/power/suspend.c
+++ b/kernel/power/suspend.c
@@ -197,7 +197,6 @@ static int suspend_enter(suspend_state_t state)
int suspend_devices_and_enter(suspend_state_t state)
{
int error;
- gfp_t saved_mask;
if (!suspend_ops)
return -ENOSYS;
@@ -208,7 +207,7 @@ int suspend_devices_and_enter(suspend_state_t state)
goto Close;
}
suspend_console();
- saved_mask = clear_gfp_allowed_mask(GFP_IOFS);
+ pm_restrict_gfp_mask();
suspend_test_start();
error = dpm_suspend_start(PMSG_SUSPEND);
if (error) {
@@ -225,7 +224,7 @@ int suspend_devices_and_enter(suspend_state_t state)
suspend_test_start();
dpm_resume_end(PMSG_RESUME);
suspend_test_finish("resume devices");
- set_gfp_allowed_mask(saved_mask);
+ pm_restore_gfp_mask();
resume_console();
Close:
if (suspend_ops->end)
diff --git a/kernel/power/user.c b/kernel/power/user.c
index e819e17877ca..1b2ea31e6bd8 100644
--- a/kernel/power/user.c
+++ b/kernel/power/user.c
@@ -263,6 +263,7 @@ static long snapshot_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
case SNAPSHOT_UNFREEZE:
if (!data->frozen || data->ready)
break;
+ pm_restore_gfp_mask();
thaw_processes();
usermodehelper_enable();
data->frozen = 0;
@@ -275,6 +276,7 @@ static long snapshot_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
error = -EPERM;
break;
}
+ pm_restore_gfp_mask();
error = hibernation_snapshot(data->platform_support);
if (!error)
error = put_user(in_suspend, (int __user *)arg);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index e4092704c1a9..ff7e15872398 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -104,19 +104,24 @@ gfp_t gfp_allowed_mask __read_mostly = GFP_BOOT_MASK;
* only be modified with pm_mutex held, unless the suspend/hibernate code is
* guaranteed not to run in parallel with that modification).
*/
-void set_gfp_allowed_mask(gfp_t mask)
+
+static gfp_t saved_gfp_mask;
+
+void pm_restore_gfp_mask(void)
{
WARN_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&pm_mutex));
- gfp_allowed_mask = mask;
+ if (saved_gfp_mask) {
+ gfp_allowed_mask = saved_gfp_mask;
+ saved_gfp_mask = 0;
+ }
}
-gfp_t clear_gfp_allowed_mask(gfp_t mask)
+void pm_restrict_gfp_mask(void)
{
- gfp_t ret = gfp_allowed_mask;
-
WARN_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&pm_mutex));
- gfp_allowed_mask &= ~mask;
- return ret;
+ WARN_ON(saved_gfp_mask);
+ saved_gfp_mask = gfp_allowed_mask;
+ gfp_allowed_mask &= ~GFP_IOFS;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */