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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-10-04 16:31:13 +0100
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-10-04 16:31:13 +0100
commit30c44659f4a3e7e1f9f47e895591b4b40bf62671 (patch)
tree0bc2af55dd7f7e7fa0a2d1ff11b5929f5ed1fc9e
parent15ecf9a986e2678f5de36ead23b89235612fc03f (diff)
parent30059d494a72603d066baf55c748803df968aa08 (diff)
Merge branch 'strscpy' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/cmetcalf/linux-tile
Pull strscpy string copy function implementation from Chris Metcalf. Chris sent this during the merge window, but I waffled back and forth on the pull request, which is why it's going in only now. The new "strscpy()" function is definitely easier to use and more secure than either strncpy() or strlcpy(), both of which are horrible nasty interfaces that have serious and irredeemable problems. strncpy() has a useless return value, and doesn't NUL-terminate an overlong result. To make matters worse, it pads a short result with zeroes, which is a performance disaster if you have big buffers. strlcpy(), by contrast, is a mis-designed "fix" for strlcpy(), lacking the insane NUL padding, but having a differently broken return value which returns the original length of the source string. Which means that it will read characters past the count from the source buffer, and you have to trust the source to be properly terminated. It also makes error handling fragile, since the test for overflow is unnecessarily subtle. strscpy() avoids both these problems, guaranteeing the NUL termination (but not excessive padding) if the destination size wasn't zero, and making the overflow condition very obvious by returning -E2BIG. It also doesn't read past the size of the source, and can thus be used for untrusted source data too. So why did I waffle about this for so long? Every time we introduce a new-and-improved interface, people start doing these interminable series of trivial conversion patches. And every time that happens, somebody does some silly mistake, and the conversion patch to the improved interface actually makes things worse. Because the patch is mindnumbing and trivial, nobody has the attention span to look at it carefully, and it's usually done over large swatches of source code which means that not every conversion gets tested. So I'm pulling the strscpy() support because it *is* a better interface. But I will refuse to pull mindless conversion patches. Use this in places where it makes sense, but don't do trivial patches to fix things that aren't actually known to be broken. * 'strscpy' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/cmetcalf/linux-tile: tile: use global strscpy() rather than private copy string: provide strscpy() Make asm/word-at-a-time.h available on all architectures
-rw-r--r--arch/arc/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/avr32/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/blackfin/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/c6x/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/cris/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/frv/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/hexagon/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/ia64/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/m32r/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/metag/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/microblaze/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/mn10300/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/nios2/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/score/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/tile/gxio/mpipe.c33
-rw-r--r--arch/tile/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/um/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/unicore32/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/xtensa/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--include/asm-generic/word-at-a-time.h80
-rw-r--r--include/linux/string.h3
-rw-r--r--lib/string.c88
25 files changed, 188 insertions, 37 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arc/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/arc/include/asm/Kbuild
index 7611b10a2d23..0b10ef2a4372 100644
--- a/arch/arc/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/arc/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -48,4 +48,5 @@ generic-y += types.h
generic-y += ucontext.h
generic-y += user.h
generic-y += vga.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/avr32/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/avr32/include/asm/Kbuild
index f61f2dd67464..241b9b9729d8 100644
--- a/arch/avr32/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/avr32/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -20,4 +20,5 @@ generic-y += sections.h
generic-y += topology.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
generic-y += vga.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/blackfin/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/blackfin/include/asm/Kbuild
index 61cd1e786a14..91d49c0a3118 100644
--- a/arch/blackfin/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/blackfin/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -46,4 +46,5 @@ generic-y += types.h
generic-y += ucontext.h
generic-y += unaligned.h
generic-y += user.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/c6x/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/c6x/include/asm/Kbuild
index f17c4dc6050c..945544ec603e 100644
--- a/arch/c6x/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/c6x/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -59,4 +59,5 @@ generic-y += types.h
generic-y += ucontext.h
generic-y += user.h
generic-y += vga.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/cris/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/cris/include/asm/Kbuild
index b7f68192d15b..1778805f6380 100644
--- a/arch/cris/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/cris/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -43,4 +43,5 @@ generic-y += topology.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
generic-y += types.h
generic-y += vga.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/frv/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/frv/include/asm/Kbuild
index 8e47b832cc76..1fa084cf1a43 100644
--- a/arch/frv/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/frv/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -7,3 +7,4 @@ generic-y += mcs_spinlock.h
generic-y += mm-arch-hooks.h
generic-y += preempt.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/Kbuild
index daee37bd0999..db8ddabc6bd2 100644
--- a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -58,4 +58,5 @@ generic-y += types.h
generic-y += ucontext.h
generic-y += unaligned.h
generic-y += vga.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/ia64/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/ia64/include/asm/Kbuild
index 9de3ba12f6b9..502a91d8dbbd 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/ia64/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -8,3 +8,4 @@ generic-y += mm-arch-hooks.h
generic-y += preempt.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
generic-y += vtime.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/m32r/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/m32r/include/asm/Kbuild
index e0eb704ca1fa..fd104bd221ce 100644
--- a/arch/m32r/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/m32r/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -9,3 +9,4 @@ generic-y += module.h
generic-y += preempt.h
generic-y += sections.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/metag/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/metag/include/asm/Kbuild
index df31353fd200..29acb89daaaa 100644
--- a/arch/metag/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/metag/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -54,4 +54,5 @@ generic-y += ucontext.h
generic-y += unaligned.h
generic-y += user.h
generic-y += vga.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/microblaze/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/microblaze/include/asm/Kbuild
index 2f222f355c4b..b0ae88c9fed9 100644
--- a/arch/microblaze/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/microblaze/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -10,3 +10,4 @@ generic-y += mm-arch-hooks.h
generic-y += preempt.h
generic-y += syscalls.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/mips/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/mips/include/asm/Kbuild
index 40ec4ca3f946..c7fe4d01e79c 100644
--- a/arch/mips/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/mips/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -17,4 +17,5 @@ generic-y += segment.h
generic-y += serial.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
generic-y += user.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/mn10300/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/mn10300/include/asm/Kbuild
index 6edb9ee6128e..1c8dd0f5cd5d 100644
--- a/arch/mn10300/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/mn10300/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -9,3 +9,4 @@ generic-y += mm-arch-hooks.h
generic-y += preempt.h
generic-y += sections.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/nios2/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/nios2/include/asm/Kbuild
index 914864eb5a25..d63330e88379 100644
--- a/arch/nios2/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/nios2/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -61,4 +61,5 @@ generic-y += types.h
generic-y += unaligned.h
generic-y += user.h
generic-y += vga.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/Kbuild
index ab9f4e0ed4cf..ac1662956e0c 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -7,3 +7,4 @@ generic-y += mcs_spinlock.h
generic-y += preempt.h
generic-y += rwsem.h
generic-y += vtime.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/s390/include/asm/Kbuild
index 5ad26dd94d77..9043d2e1e2ae 100644
--- a/arch/s390/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -6,3 +6,4 @@ generic-y += mcs_spinlock.h
generic-y += mm-arch-hooks.h
generic-y += preempt.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/score/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/score/include/asm/Kbuild
index 92ffe397b893..a05218ff3fe4 100644
--- a/arch/score/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/score/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -13,3 +13,4 @@ generic-y += sections.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
generic-y += xor.h
generic-y += serial.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/tile/gxio/mpipe.c b/arch/tile/gxio/mpipe.c
index ee186e13dfe6..f102048d9c0e 100644
--- a/arch/tile/gxio/mpipe.c
+++ b/arch/tile/gxio/mpipe.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
#include <gxio/iorpc_globals.h>
#include <gxio/iorpc_mpipe.h>
@@ -29,32 +30,6 @@
/* HACK: Avoid pointless "shadow" warnings. */
#define link link_shadow
-/**
- * strscpy - Copy a C-string into a sized buffer, but only if it fits
- * @dest: Where to copy the string to
- * @src: Where to copy the string from
- * @size: size of destination buffer
- *
- * Use this routine to avoid copying too-long strings.
- * The routine returns the total number of bytes copied
- * (including the trailing NUL) or zero if the buffer wasn't
- * big enough. To ensure that programmers pay attention
- * to the return code, the destination has a single NUL
- * written at the front (if size is non-zero) when the
- * buffer is not big enough.
- */
-static size_t strscpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t size)
-{
- size_t len = strnlen(src, size) + 1;
- if (len > size) {
- if (size)
- dest[0] = '\0';
- return 0;
- }
- memcpy(dest, src, len);
- return len;
-}
-
int gxio_mpipe_init(gxio_mpipe_context_t *context, unsigned int mpipe_index)
{
char file[32];
@@ -540,7 +515,7 @@ int gxio_mpipe_link_instance(const char *link_name)
if (!context)
return GXIO_ERR_NO_DEVICE;
- if (strscpy(name.name, link_name, sizeof(name.name)) == 0)
+ if (strscpy(name.name, link_name, sizeof(name.name)) < 0)
return GXIO_ERR_NO_DEVICE;
return gxio_mpipe_info_instance_aux(context, name);
@@ -559,7 +534,7 @@ int gxio_mpipe_link_enumerate_mac(int idx, char *link_name, uint8_t *link_mac)
rv = gxio_mpipe_info_enumerate_aux(context, idx, &name, &mac);
if (rv >= 0) {
- if (strscpy(link_name, name.name, sizeof(name.name)) == 0)
+ if (strscpy(link_name, name.name, sizeof(name.name)) < 0)
return GXIO_ERR_INVAL_MEMORY_SIZE;
memcpy(link_mac, mac.mac, sizeof(mac.mac));
}
@@ -576,7 +551,7 @@ int gxio_mpipe_link_open(gxio_mpipe_link_t *link,
_gxio_mpipe_link_name_t name;
int rv;
- if (strscpy(name.name, link_name, sizeof(name.name)) == 0)
+ if (strscpy(name.name, link_name, sizeof(name.name)) < 0)
return GXIO_ERR_NO_DEVICE;
rv = gxio_mpipe_link_open_aux(context, name, flags);
diff --git a/arch/tile/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/tile/include/asm/Kbuild
index ba35c41c71ff..0b6cacaad933 100644
--- a/arch/tile/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/tile/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -40,4 +40,5 @@ generic-y += termbits.h
generic-y += termios.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
generic-y += types.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/um/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/um/include/asm/Kbuild
index 149ec55f9c46..904f3ebf4220 100644
--- a/arch/um/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/um/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -25,4 +25,5 @@ generic-y += preempt.h
generic-y += switch_to.h
generic-y += topology.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/unicore32/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/unicore32/include/asm/Kbuild
index 1fc7a286dc6f..256c45b3ae34 100644
--- a/arch/unicore32/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/unicore32/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -62,4 +62,5 @@ generic-y += ucontext.h
generic-y += unaligned.h
generic-y += user.h
generic-y += vga.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/xtensa/include/asm/Kbuild
index 63c223dff5f1..b56855a1382a 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/xtensa/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -28,4 +28,5 @@ generic-y += statfs.h
generic-y += termios.h
generic-y += topology.h
generic-y += trace_clock.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
generic-y += xor.h
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/word-at-a-time.h b/include/asm-generic/word-at-a-time.h
index 94f9ea8abcae..011dde083f23 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/word-at-a-time.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/word-at-a-time.h
@@ -1,15 +1,10 @@
#ifndef _ASM_WORD_AT_A_TIME_H
#define _ASM_WORD_AT_A_TIME_H
-/*
- * This says "generic", but it's actually big-endian only.
- * Little-endian can use more efficient versions of these
- * interfaces, see for example
- * arch/x86/include/asm/word-at-a-time.h
- * for those.
- */
-
#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+
+#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
struct word_at_a_time {
const unsigned long high_bits, low_bits;
@@ -53,4 +48,73 @@ static inline bool has_zero(unsigned long val, unsigned long *data, const struct
#define zero_bytemask(mask) (~1ul << __fls(mask))
#endif
+#else
+
+/*
+ * The optimal byte mask counting is probably going to be something
+ * that is architecture-specific. If you have a reliably fast
+ * bit count instruction, that might be better than the multiply
+ * and shift, for example.
+ */
+struct word_at_a_time {
+ const unsigned long one_bits, high_bits;
+};
+
+#define WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS { REPEAT_BYTE(0x01), REPEAT_BYTE(0x80) }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+
+/*
+ * Jan Achrenius on G+: microoptimized version of
+ * the simpler "(mask & ONEBYTES) * ONEBYTES >> 56"
+ * that works for the bytemasks without having to
+ * mask them first.
+ */
+static inline long count_masked_bytes(unsigned long mask)
+{
+ return mask*0x0001020304050608ul >> 56;
+}
+
+#else /* 32-bit case */
+
+/* Carl Chatfield / Jan Achrenius G+ version for 32-bit */
+static inline long count_masked_bytes(long mask)
+{
+ /* (000000 0000ff 00ffff ffffff) -> ( 1 1 2 3 ) */
+ long a = (0x0ff0001+mask) >> 23;
+ /* Fix the 1 for 00 case */
+ return a & mask;
+}
+
+#endif
+
+/* Return nonzero if it has a zero */
+static inline unsigned long has_zero(unsigned long a, unsigned long *bits, const struct word_at_a_time *c)
+{
+ unsigned long mask = ((a - c->one_bits) & ~a) & c->high_bits;
+ *bits = mask;
+ return mask;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long prep_zero_mask(unsigned long a, unsigned long bits, const struct word_at_a_time *c)
+{
+ return bits;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long create_zero_mask(unsigned long bits)
+{
+ bits = (bits - 1) & ~bits;
+ return bits >> 7;
+}
+
+/* The mask we created is directly usable as a bytemask */
+#define zero_bytemask(mask) (mask)
+
+static inline unsigned long find_zero(unsigned long mask)
+{
+ return count_masked_bytes(mask);
+}
+
+#endif /* __BIG_ENDIAN */
+
#endif /* _ASM_WORD_AT_A_TIME_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/string.h b/include/linux/string.h
index a8d90db9c4b0..9ef7795e65e4 100644
--- a/include/linux/string.h
+++ b/include/linux/string.h
@@ -25,6 +25,9 @@ extern char * strncpy(char *,const char *, __kernel_size_t);
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLCPY
size_t strlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t);
#endif
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSCPY
+ssize_t __must_check strscpy(char *, const char *, size_t);
+#endif
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCAT
extern char * strcat(char *, const char *);
#endif
diff --git a/lib/string.c b/lib/string.c
index 13d1e84ddb80..8dbb7b1eab50 100644
--- a/lib/string.c
+++ b/lib/string.c
@@ -27,6 +27,10 @@
#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+#include <asm/word-at-a-time.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCASECMP
/**
* strncasecmp - Case insensitive, length-limited string comparison
@@ -146,6 +150,90 @@ size_t strlcpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t size)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(strlcpy);
#endif
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSCPY
+/**
+ * strscpy - Copy a C-string into a sized buffer
+ * @dest: Where to copy the string to
+ * @src: Where to copy the string from
+ * @count: Size of destination buffer
+ *
+ * Copy the string, or as much of it as fits, into the dest buffer.
+ * The routine returns the number of characters copied (not including
+ * the trailing NUL) or -E2BIG if the destination buffer wasn't big enough.
+ * The behavior is undefined if the string buffers overlap.
+ * The destination buffer is always NUL terminated, unless it's zero-sized.
+ *
+ * Preferred to strlcpy() since the API doesn't require reading memory
+ * from the src string beyond the specified "count" bytes, and since
+ * the return value is easier to error-check than strlcpy()'s.
+ * In addition, the implementation is robust to the string changing out
+ * from underneath it, unlike the current strlcpy() implementation.
+ *
+ * Preferred to strncpy() since it always returns a valid string, and
+ * doesn't unnecessarily force the tail of the destination buffer to be
+ * zeroed. If the zeroing is desired, it's likely cleaner to use strscpy()
+ * with an overflow test, then just memset() the tail of the dest buffer.
+ */
+ssize_t strscpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count)
+{
+ const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS;
+ size_t max = count;
+ long res = 0;
+
+ if (count == 0)
+ return -E2BIG;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS
+ /*
+ * If src is unaligned, don't cross a page boundary,
+ * since we don't know if the next page is mapped.
+ */
+ if ((long)src & (sizeof(long) - 1)) {
+ size_t limit = PAGE_SIZE - ((long)src & (PAGE_SIZE - 1));
+ if (limit < max)
+ max = limit;
+ }
+#else
+ /* If src or dest is unaligned, don't do word-at-a-time. */
+ if (((long) dest | (long) src) & (sizeof(long) - 1))
+ max = 0;
+#endif
+
+ while (max >= sizeof(unsigned long)) {
+ unsigned long c, data;
+
+ c = *(unsigned long *)(src+res);
+ *(unsigned long *)(dest+res) = c;
+ if (has_zero(c, &data, &constants)) {
+ data = prep_zero_mask(c, data, &constants);
+ data = create_zero_mask(data);
+ return res + find_zero(data);
+ }
+ res += sizeof(unsigned long);
+ count -= sizeof(unsigned long);
+ max -= sizeof(unsigned long);
+ }
+
+ while (count) {
+ char c;
+
+ c = src[res];
+ dest[res] = c;
+ if (!c)
+ return res;
+ res++;
+ count--;
+ }
+
+ /* Hit buffer length without finding a NUL; force NUL-termination. */
+ if (res)
+ dest[res-1] = '\0';
+
+ return -E2BIG;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(strscpy);
+#endif
+
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCAT
/**
* strcat - Append one %NUL-terminated string to another