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authorDaniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>2018-06-28 23:34:59 +0200
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2018-07-22 15:16:09 +0200
commitb1a4a5d0b0cba805445ecefb1ea24581fd868aa1 (patch)
tree67c8bb8b63332fff1e1a84cb00415f2709a4e1b4
parent1df397963a05affd16809b9b705392b56473eb0f (diff)
bpf: undo prog rejection on read-only lock failure
commit 85782e037f8aba8922dadb24a1523ca0b82ab8bc upstream. Partially undo commit 9facc336876f ("bpf: reject any prog that failed read-only lock") since it caused a regression, that is, syzkaller was able to manage to cause a panic via fault injection deep in set_memory_ro() path by letting an allocation fail: In x86's __change_page_attr_set_clr() it was able to change the attributes of the primary mapping but not in the alias mapping via cpa_process_alias(), so the second, inner call to the __change_page_attr() via __change_page_attr_set_clr() had to split a larger page and failed in the alloc_pages() with the artifically triggered allocation error which is then propagated down to the call site. Thus, for set_memory_ro() this means that it returned with an error, but from debugging a probe_kernel_write() revealed EFAULT on that memory since the primary mapping succeeded to get changed. Therefore the subsequent hdr->locked = 0 reset triggered the panic as it was performed on read-only memory, so call-site assumptions were infact wrong to assume that it would either succeed /or/ not succeed at all since there's no such rollback in set_memory_*() calls from partial change of mappings, in other words, we're left in a state that is "half done". A later undo via set_memory_rw() is succeeding though due to matching permissions on that part (aka due to the try_preserve_large_page() succeeding). While reproducing locally with explicitly triggering this error, the initial splitting only happens on rare occasions and in real world it would additionally need oom conditions, but that said, it could partially fail. Therefore, it is definitely wrong to bail out on set_memory_ro() error and reject the program with the set_memory_*() semantics we have today. Shouldn't have gone the extra mile since no other user in tree today infact checks for any set_memory_*() errors, e.g. neither module_enable_ro() / module_disable_ro() for module RO/NX handling which is mostly default these days nor kprobes core with alloc_insn_page() / free_insn_page() as examples that could be invoked long after bootup and original 314beb9bcabf ("x86: bpf_jit_comp: secure bpf jit against spraying attacks") did neither when it got first introduced to BPF so "improving" with bailing out was clearly not right when set_memory_*() cannot handle it today. Kees suggested that if set_memory_*() can fail, we should annotate it with __must_check, and all callers need to deal with it gracefully given those set_memory_*() markings aren't "advisory", but they're expected to actually do what they say. This might be an option worth to move forward in future but would at the same time require that set_memory_*() calls from supporting archs are guaranteed to be "atomic" in that they provide rollback if part of the range fails, once that happened, the transition from RW -> RO could be made more robust that way, while subsequent RO -> RW transition /must/ continue guaranteeing to always succeed the undo part. Reported-by: syzbot+a4eb8c7766952a1ca872@syzkaller.appspotmail.com Reported-by: syzbot+d866d1925855328eac3b@syzkaller.appspotmail.com Fixes: 9facc336876f ("bpf: reject any prog that failed read-only lock") Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/filter.h56
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/core.c30
2 files changed, 9 insertions, 77 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/filter.h b/include/linux/filter.h
index bf58df844279..b49658f9001e 100644
--- a/include/linux/filter.h
+++ b/include/linux/filter.h
@@ -453,9 +453,7 @@ struct sock_fprog_kern {
};
struct bpf_binary_header {
- u16 pages;
- u16 locked:1;
-
+ u32 pages;
/* Some arches need word alignment for their instructions */
u8 image[] __aligned(4);
};
@@ -464,7 +462,7 @@ struct bpf_prog {
u16 pages; /* Number of allocated pages */
u16 jited:1, /* Is our filter JIT'ed? */
jit_requested:1,/* archs need to JIT the prog */
- locked:1, /* Program image locked? */
+ undo_set_mem:1, /* Passed set_memory_ro() checkpoint */
gpl_compatible:1, /* Is filter GPL compatible? */
cb_access:1, /* Is control block accessed? */
dst_needed:1, /* Do we need dst entry? */
@@ -649,46 +647,24 @@ bpf_ctx_narrow_access_ok(u32 off, u32 size, const u32 size_default)
static inline void bpf_prog_lock_ro(struct bpf_prog *fp)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY
- fp->locked = 1;
- if (set_memory_ro((unsigned long)fp, fp->pages))
- fp->locked = 0;
-#endif
+ fp->undo_set_mem = 1;
+ set_memory_ro((unsigned long)fp, fp->pages);
}
static inline void bpf_prog_unlock_ro(struct bpf_prog *fp)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY
- if (fp->locked) {
- WARN_ON_ONCE(set_memory_rw((unsigned long)fp, fp->pages));
- /* In case set_memory_rw() fails, we want to be the first
- * to crash here instead of some random place later on.
- */
- fp->locked = 0;
- }
-#endif
+ if (fp->undo_set_mem)
+ set_memory_rw((unsigned long)fp, fp->pages);
}
static inline void bpf_jit_binary_lock_ro(struct bpf_binary_header *hdr)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY
- hdr->locked = 1;
- if (set_memory_ro((unsigned long)hdr, hdr->pages))
- hdr->locked = 0;
-#endif
+ set_memory_ro((unsigned long)hdr, hdr->pages);
}
static inline void bpf_jit_binary_unlock_ro(struct bpf_binary_header *hdr)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY
- if (hdr->locked) {
- WARN_ON_ONCE(set_memory_rw((unsigned long)hdr, hdr->pages));
- /* In case set_memory_rw() fails, we want to be the first
- * to crash here instead of some random place later on.
- */
- hdr->locked = 0;
- }
-#endif
+ set_memory_rw((unsigned long)hdr, hdr->pages);
}
static inline struct bpf_binary_header *
@@ -700,22 +676,6 @@ bpf_jit_binary_hdr(const struct bpf_prog *fp)
return (void *)addr;
}
-#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY
-static inline int bpf_prog_check_pages_ro_single(const struct bpf_prog *fp)
-{
- if (!fp->locked)
- return -ENOLCK;
- if (fp->jited) {
- const struct bpf_binary_header *hdr = bpf_jit_binary_hdr(fp);
-
- if (!hdr->locked)
- return -ENOLCK;
- }
-
- return 0;
-}
-#endif
-
int sk_filter_trim_cap(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int cap);
static inline int sk_filter(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/core.c b/kernel/bpf/core.c
index 670e16d641b8..78509e3f68da 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/core.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/core.c
@@ -583,8 +583,6 @@ bpf_jit_binary_alloc(unsigned int proglen, u8 **image_ptr,
bpf_fill_ill_insns(hdr, size);
hdr->pages = size / PAGE_SIZE;
- hdr->locked = 0;
-
hole = min_t(unsigned int, size - (proglen + sizeof(*hdr)),
PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(*hdr));
start = (get_random_int() % hole) & ~(alignment - 1);
@@ -1515,22 +1513,6 @@ static int bpf_check_tail_call(const struct bpf_prog *fp)
return 0;
}
-static int bpf_prog_check_pages_ro_locked(const struct bpf_prog *fp)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY
- int i, err;
-
- for (i = 0; i < fp->aux->func_cnt; i++) {
- err = bpf_prog_check_pages_ro_single(fp->aux->func[i]);
- if (err)
- return err;
- }
-
- return bpf_prog_check_pages_ro_single(fp);
-#endif
- return 0;
-}
-
static void bpf_prog_select_func(struct bpf_prog *fp)
{
#ifndef CONFIG_BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON
@@ -1589,17 +1571,7 @@ finalize:
* all eBPF JITs might immediately support all features.
*/
*err = bpf_check_tail_call(fp);
- if (*err)
- return fp;
-
- /* Checkpoint: at this point onwards any cBPF -> eBPF or
- * native eBPF program is read-only. If we failed to change
- * the page attributes (e.g. allocation failure from
- * splitting large pages), then reject the whole program
- * in order to guarantee not ending up with any W+X pages
- * from BPF side in kernel.
- */
- *err = bpf_prog_check_pages_ro_locked(fp);
+
return fp;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_select_runtime);