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authorJosh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>2017-04-13 17:53:55 -0500
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-05-02 21:19:56 -0700
commit9c4a4755d9c552a640bef60de40b46bda3674431 (patch)
parent1aefe328a68dc1ffff1adf81912dacaa83a066fa (diff)
ftrace/x86: Fix triple fault with graph tracing and suspend-to-ram
commit 34a477e5297cbaa6ecc6e17c042a866e1cbe80d6 upstream. On x86-32, with CONFIG_FIRMWARE and multiple CPUs, if you enable function graph tracing and then suspend to RAM, it will triple fault and reboot when it resumes. The first fault happens when booting a secondary CPU: startup_32_smp() load_ucode_ap() prepare_ftrace_return() ftrace_graph_is_dead() (accesses 'kill_ftrace_graph') The early head_32.S code calls into load_ucode_ap(), which has an an ftrace hook, so it calls prepare_ftrace_return(), which calls ftrace_graph_is_dead(), which tries to access the global 'kill_ftrace_graph' variable with a virtual address, causing a fault because the CPU is still in real mode. The fix is to add a check in prepare_ftrace_return() to make sure it's running in protected mode before continuing. The check makes sure the stack pointer is a virtual kernel address. It's a bit of a hack, but it's not very intrusive and it works well enough. For reference, here are a few other (more difficult) ways this could have potentially been fixed: - Move startup_32_smp()'s call to load_ucode_ap() down to *after* paging is enabled. (No idea what that would break.) - Track down load_ucode_ap()'s entire callee tree and mark all the functions 'notrace'. (Probably not realistic.) - Pause graph tracing in ftrace_suspend_notifier_call() or bringup_cpu() or __cpu_up(), and ensure that the pause facility can be queried from real mode. Reported-by: Paul Menzel <pmenzel@molgen.mpg.de> Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Tested-by: Paul Menzel <pmenzel@molgen.mpg.de> Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net> Cc: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/5c1272269a580660703ed2eccf44308e790c7a98.1492123841.git.jpoimboe@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
1 files changed, 12 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
index 311bcf338f07..bfc587579dc3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
@@ -977,6 +977,18 @@ void prepare_ftrace_return(unsigned long self_addr, unsigned long *parent,
unsigned long return_hooker = (unsigned long)
+ /*
+ * When resuming from suspend-to-ram, this function can be indirectly
+ * called from early CPU startup code while the CPU is in real mode,
+ * which would fail miserably. Make sure the stack pointer is a
+ * virtual address.
+ *
+ * This check isn't as accurate as virt_addr_valid(), but it should be
+ * good enough for this purpose, and it's fast.
+ */
+ if (unlikely((long)__builtin_frame_address(0) >= 0))
+ return;
if (unlikely(ftrace_graph_is_dead()))