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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-09-14 15:58:02 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-09-14 15:58:02 -0700
commitb03c036e6f96340dd311817c7b964dad183c4141 (patch)
parent36024fcf8d28999f270908e75675d43b099ff7b3 (diff)
parent474efecb65dceb15f793b6e2f2b226e952f0f8e9 (diff)
Merge tag 'riscv/for-v5.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/riscv/linux
Pull RISC-V fix from Paul Walmsley: "Last week, Palmer and I learned that there was an error in the RISC-V kernel image header format that could make it less compatible with the ARM64 kernel image header format. I had missed this error during my original reviews of the patch. The kernel image header format is an interface that impacts bootloaders, QEMU, and other user tools. Those packages must be updated to align with whatever is merged in the kernel. We would like to avoid proliferating these image formats by keeping the RISC-V header as close as possible to the existing ARM64 header. Since the arch/riscv patch that adds support for the image header was merged with our v5.3-rc1 pull request as commit 0f327f2aaad6a ("RISC-V: Add an Image header that boot loader can parse."), we think it wise to try to fix this error before v5.3 is released. The fix itself should be backwards-compatible with any project that has already merged support for premature versions of this interface. It primarily involves ensuring that the RISC-V image header has something useful in the same field as the ARM64 image header" * tag 'riscv/for-v5.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/riscv/linux: riscv: modify the Image header to improve compatibility with the ARM64 header
3 files changed, 15 insertions, 14 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/riscv/boot-image-header.txt b/Documentation/riscv/boot-image-header.txt
index 1b73fea23b39..14b1492f689b 100644
--- a/Documentation/riscv/boot-image-header.txt
+++ b/Documentation/riscv/boot-image-header.txt
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ The following 64-byte header is present in decompressed Linux kernel image.
u32 res1 = 0; /* Reserved */
u64 res2 = 0; /* Reserved */
u64 magic = 0x5643534952; /* Magic number, little endian, "RISCV" */
- u32 res3; /* Reserved for additional RISC-V specific header */
+ u32 magic2 = 0x56534905; /* Magic number 2, little endian, "RSC\x05" */
u32 res4; /* Reserved for PE COFF offset */
This header format is compliant with PE/COFF header and largely inspired from
@@ -37,13 +37,14 @@ Notes:
Bits 16:31 - Major version
This preserves compatibility across newer and older version of the header.
- The current version is defined as 0.1.
+ The current version is defined as 0.2.
-- res3 is reserved for offset to any other additional fields. This makes the
- header extendible in future. One example would be to accommodate ISA
- extension for RISC-V in future. For current version, it is set to be zero.
+- The "magic" field is deprecated as of version 0.2. In a future
+ release, it may be removed. This originally should have matched up
+ with the ARM64 header "magic" field, but unfortunately does not.
+ The "magic2" field replaces it, matching up with the ARM64 header.
-- In current header, the flag field has only one field.
+- In current header, the flags field has only one field.
Bit 0: Kernel endianness. 1 if BE, 0 if LE.
- Image size is mandatory for boot loader to load kernel image. Booting will
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/image.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/image.h
index ef28e106f247..344db5244547 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/image.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/image.h
@@ -3,7 +3,8 @@
#ifndef __ASM_IMAGE_H
#define __ASM_IMAGE_H
+#define RISCV_IMAGE_MAGIC "RISCV\0\0\0"
+#define RISCV_IMAGE_MAGIC2 "RSC\x05"
@@ -23,7 +24,7 @@
#define __HEAD_FLAGS (__HEAD_FLAG(BE))
@@ -39,9 +40,8 @@
* @version: version
* @res1: reserved
* @res2: reserved
- * @magic: Magic number
- * @res3: reserved (will be used for additional RISC-V specific
- * header)
+ * @magic: Magic number (RISC-V specific; deprecated)
+ * @magic2: Magic number 2 (to match the ARM64 'magic' field pos)
* @res4: reserved (will be used for PE COFF offset)
* The intention is for this header format to be shared between multiple
@@ -58,7 +58,7 @@ struct riscv_image_header {
u32 res1;
u64 res2;
u64 magic;
- u32 res3;
+ u32 magic2;
u32 res4;
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
index 0f1ba17e476f..52eec0c1bf30 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
@@ -39,9 +39,9 @@ ENTRY(_start)
.word 0
.dword 0
- .word 0
.balign 4
.word 0
.global _start_kernel