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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-07-08 12:41:23 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-07-08 12:41:23 -0700
commit6fb2489d7f09e1a9360d0afec65bcde1a6a472d4 (patch)
tree0a0a9f5bf5cc67c3fe315b182cecf8aae7cfe261
parentf5c926b99e421db13d2056bc99a624499a2be19e (diff)
parent1cef1150ef40ec52f507436a14230cbc2623299c (diff)
Merge branch 'sched-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull scheduler fixes from Thomas Gleixner: - The hopefully final fix for the reported race problems in kthread_parkme(). The previous attempt still left a hole and was partially wrong. - Plug a race in the remote tick mechanism which triggers a warning about updates not being done correctly. That's a false positive if the race condition is hit as the remote CPU is idle. Plug it by checking the condition again when holding run queue lock. - Fix a bug in the utilization estimation of a run queue which causes the estimation to be 0 when a run queue is throttled. - Advance the global expiration of the period timer when the timer is restarted after a idle period. Otherwise the expiry time is stale and the timer fires prematurely. - Cure the drift between the bandwidth timer and the runqueue accounting, which leads to bogus throttling of runqueues - Place the call to cpufreq_update_util() correctly so the function will observe the correct number of running RT tasks and not a stale one. * 'sched-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: kthread, sched/core: Fix kthread_parkme() (again...) sched/util_est: Fix util_est_dequeue() for throttled cfs_rq sched/fair: Advance global expiration when period timer is restarted sched/fair: Fix bandwidth timer clock drift condition sched/rt: Fix call to cpufreq_update_util() sched/nohz: Skip remote tick on idle task entirely
-rw-r--r--include/linux/kthread.h1
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched.h2
-rw-r--r--kernel/kthread.c30
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/core.c67
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c2
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/fair.c45
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/rt.c16
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/sched.h11
8 files changed, 99 insertions, 75 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/kthread.h b/include/linux/kthread.h
index 2803264c512f..c1961761311d 100644
--- a/include/linux/kthread.h
+++ b/include/linux/kthread.h
@@ -62,7 +62,6 @@ void *kthread_probe_data(struct task_struct *k);
int kthread_park(struct task_struct *k);
void kthread_unpark(struct task_struct *k);
void kthread_parkme(void);
-void kthread_park_complete(struct task_struct *k);
int kthreadd(void *unused);
extern struct task_struct *kthreadd_task;
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 9256118bd40c..43731fe51c97 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ struct task_group;
* the comment with set_special_state().
*/
#define is_special_task_state(state) \
- ((state) & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED | TASK_DEAD))
+ ((state) & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED | TASK_PARKED | TASK_DEAD))
#define __set_current_state(state_value) \
do { \
diff --git a/kernel/kthread.c b/kernel/kthread.c
index 481951bf091d..750cb8082694 100644
--- a/kernel/kthread.c
+++ b/kernel/kthread.c
@@ -177,9 +177,20 @@ void *kthread_probe_data(struct task_struct *task)
static void __kthread_parkme(struct kthread *self)
{
for (;;) {
- set_current_state(TASK_PARKED);
+ /*
+ * TASK_PARKED is a special state; we must serialize against
+ * possible pending wakeups to avoid store-store collisions on
+ * task->state.
+ *
+ * Such a collision might possibly result in the task state
+ * changin from TASK_PARKED and us failing the
+ * wait_task_inactive() in kthread_park().
+ */
+ set_special_state(TASK_PARKED);
if (!test_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_PARK, &self->flags))
break;
+
+ complete_all(&self->parked);
schedule();
}
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
@@ -191,11 +202,6 @@ void kthread_parkme(void)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_parkme);
-void kthread_park_complete(struct task_struct *k)
-{
- complete_all(&to_kthread(k)->parked);
-}
-
static int kthread(void *_create)
{
/* Copy data: it's on kthread's stack */
@@ -461,6 +467,9 @@ void kthread_unpark(struct task_struct *k)
reinit_completion(&kthread->parked);
clear_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_PARK, &kthread->flags);
+ /*
+ * __kthread_parkme() will either see !SHOULD_PARK or get the wakeup.
+ */
wake_up_state(k, TASK_PARKED);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_unpark);
@@ -487,7 +496,16 @@ int kthread_park(struct task_struct *k)
set_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_PARK, &kthread->flags);
if (k != current) {
wake_up_process(k);
+ /*
+ * Wait for __kthread_parkme() to complete(), this means we
+ * _will_ have TASK_PARKED and are about to call schedule().
+ */
wait_for_completion(&kthread->parked);
+ /*
+ * Now wait for that schedule() to complete and the task to
+ * get scheduled out.
+ */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!wait_task_inactive(k, TASK_PARKED));
}
return 0;
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 78d8facba456..fe365c9a08e9 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -7,7 +7,6 @@
*/
#include "sched.h"
-#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/nospec.h>
#include <linux/kcov.h>
@@ -2724,28 +2723,20 @@ static struct rq *finish_task_switch(struct task_struct *prev)
membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(mm);
mmdrop(mm);
}
- if (unlikely(prev_state & (TASK_DEAD|TASK_PARKED))) {
- switch (prev_state) {
- case TASK_DEAD:
- if (prev->sched_class->task_dead)
- prev->sched_class->task_dead(prev);
+ if (unlikely(prev_state == TASK_DEAD)) {
+ if (prev->sched_class->task_dead)
+ prev->sched_class->task_dead(prev);
- /*
- * Remove function-return probe instances associated with this
- * task and put them back on the free list.
- */
- kprobe_flush_task(prev);
-
- /* Task is done with its stack. */
- put_task_stack(prev);
+ /*
+ * Remove function-return probe instances associated with this
+ * task and put them back on the free list.
+ */
+ kprobe_flush_task(prev);
- put_task_struct(prev);
- break;
+ /* Task is done with its stack. */
+ put_task_stack(prev);
- case TASK_PARKED:
- kthread_park_complete(prev);
- break;
- }
+ put_task_struct(prev);
}
tick_nohz_task_switch();
@@ -3113,7 +3104,9 @@ static void sched_tick_remote(struct work_struct *work)
struct tick_work *twork = container_of(dwork, struct tick_work, work);
int cpu = twork->cpu;
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
+ struct task_struct *curr;
struct rq_flags rf;
+ u64 delta;
/*
* Handle the tick only if it appears the remote CPU is running in full
@@ -3122,24 +3115,28 @@ static void sched_tick_remote(struct work_struct *work)
* statistics and checks timeslices in a time-independent way, regardless
* of when exactly it is running.
*/
- if (!idle_cpu(cpu) && tick_nohz_tick_stopped_cpu(cpu)) {
- struct task_struct *curr;
- u64 delta;
+ if (idle_cpu(cpu) || !tick_nohz_tick_stopped_cpu(cpu))
+ goto out_requeue;
- rq_lock_irq(rq, &rf);
- update_rq_clock(rq);
- curr = rq->curr;
- delta = rq_clock_task(rq) - curr->se.exec_start;
+ rq_lock_irq(rq, &rf);
+ curr = rq->curr;
+ if (is_idle_task(curr))
+ goto out_unlock;
- /*
- * Make sure the next tick runs within a reasonable
- * amount of time.
- */
- WARN_ON_ONCE(delta > (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC * 3);
- curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, curr, 0);
- rq_unlock_irq(rq, &rf);
- }
+ update_rq_clock(rq);
+ delta = rq_clock_task(rq) - curr->se.exec_start;
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure the next tick runs within a reasonable
+ * amount of time.
+ */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(delta > (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC * 3);
+ curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, curr, 0);
+
+out_unlock:
+ rq_unlock_irq(rq, &rf);
+out_requeue:
/*
* Run the remote tick once per second (1Hz). This arbitrary
* frequency is large enough to avoid overload but short enough
diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
index 3cde46483f0a..c907fde01eaa 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
@@ -192,7 +192,7 @@ static unsigned long sugov_aggregate_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(sg_cpu->cpu);
- if (rq->rt.rt_nr_running)
+ if (rt_rq_is_runnable(&rq->rt))
return sg_cpu->max;
/*
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 1866e64792a7..2f0a0be4d344 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -3982,18 +3982,10 @@ util_est_dequeue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct task_struct *p, bool task_sleep)
if (!sched_feat(UTIL_EST))
return;
- /*
- * Update root cfs_rq's estimated utilization
- *
- * If *p is the last task then the root cfs_rq's estimated utilization
- * of a CPU is 0 by definition.
- */
- ue.enqueued = 0;
- if (cfs_rq->nr_running) {
- ue.enqueued = cfs_rq->avg.util_est.enqueued;
- ue.enqueued -= min_t(unsigned int, ue.enqueued,
- (_task_util_est(p) | UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED));
- }
+ /* Update root cfs_rq's estimated utilization */
+ ue.enqueued = cfs_rq->avg.util_est.enqueued;
+ ue.enqueued -= min_t(unsigned int, ue.enqueued,
+ (_task_util_est(p) | UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED));
WRITE_ONCE(cfs_rq->avg.util_est.enqueued, ue.enqueued);
/*
@@ -4590,6 +4582,7 @@ void __refill_cfs_bandwidth_runtime(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
now = sched_clock_cpu(smp_processor_id());
cfs_b->runtime = cfs_b->quota;
cfs_b->runtime_expires = now + ktime_to_ns(cfs_b->period);
+ cfs_b->expires_seq++;
}
static inline struct cfs_bandwidth *tg_cfs_bandwidth(struct task_group *tg)
@@ -4612,6 +4605,7 @@ static int assign_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
struct task_group *tg = cfs_rq->tg;
struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b = tg_cfs_bandwidth(tg);
u64 amount = 0, min_amount, expires;
+ int expires_seq;
/* note: this is a positive sum as runtime_remaining <= 0 */
min_amount = sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice() - cfs_rq->runtime_remaining;
@@ -4628,6 +4622,7 @@ static int assign_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
cfs_b->idle = 0;
}
}
+ expires_seq = cfs_b->expires_seq;
expires = cfs_b->runtime_expires;
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
@@ -4637,8 +4632,10 @@ static int assign_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
* spread between our sched_clock and the one on which runtime was
* issued.
*/
- if ((s64)(expires - cfs_rq->runtime_expires) > 0)
+ if (cfs_rq->expires_seq != expires_seq) {
+ cfs_rq->expires_seq = expires_seq;
cfs_rq->runtime_expires = expires;
+ }
return cfs_rq->runtime_remaining > 0;
}
@@ -4664,12 +4661,9 @@ static void expire_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
* has not truly expired.
*
* Fortunately we can check determine whether this the case by checking
- * whether the global deadline has advanced. It is valid to compare
- * cfs_b->runtime_expires without any locks since we only care about
- * exact equality, so a partial write will still work.
+ * whether the global deadline(cfs_b->expires_seq) has advanced.
*/
-
- if (cfs_rq->runtime_expires != cfs_b->runtime_expires) {
+ if (cfs_rq->expires_seq == cfs_b->expires_seq) {
/* extend local deadline, drift is bounded above by 2 ticks */
cfs_rq->runtime_expires += TICK_NSEC;
} else {
@@ -5202,13 +5196,18 @@ static void init_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
void start_cfs_bandwidth(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
{
+ u64 overrun;
+
lockdep_assert_held(&cfs_b->lock);
- if (!cfs_b->period_active) {
- cfs_b->period_active = 1;
- hrtimer_forward_now(&cfs_b->period_timer, cfs_b->period);
- hrtimer_start_expires(&cfs_b->period_timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED);
- }
+ if (cfs_b->period_active)
+ return;
+
+ cfs_b->period_active = 1;
+ overrun = hrtimer_forward_now(&cfs_b->period_timer, cfs_b->period);
+ cfs_b->runtime_expires += (overrun + 1) * ktime_to_ns(cfs_b->period);
+ cfs_b->expires_seq++;
+ hrtimer_start_expires(&cfs_b->period_timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED);
}
static void destroy_cfs_bandwidth(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
diff --git a/kernel/sched/rt.c b/kernel/sched/rt.c
index 47556b0c9a95..572567078b60 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/rt.c
@@ -508,8 +508,11 @@ static void sched_rt_rq_dequeue(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
rt_se = rt_rq->tg->rt_se[cpu];
- if (!rt_se)
+ if (!rt_se) {
dequeue_top_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+ /* Kick cpufreq (see the comment in kernel/sched/sched.h). */
+ cpufreq_update_util(rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq), 0);
+ }
else if (on_rt_rq(rt_se))
dequeue_rt_entity(rt_se, 0);
}
@@ -1001,8 +1004,6 @@ dequeue_top_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
sub_nr_running(rq, rt_rq->rt_nr_running);
rt_rq->rt_queued = 0;
- /* Kick cpufreq (see the comment in kernel/sched/sched.h). */
- cpufreq_update_util(rq, 0);
}
static void
@@ -1014,11 +1015,14 @@ enqueue_top_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
if (rt_rq->rt_queued)
return;
- if (rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq) || !rt_rq->rt_nr_running)
+
+ if (rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq))
return;
- add_nr_running(rq, rt_rq->rt_nr_running);
- rt_rq->rt_queued = 1;
+ if (rt_rq->rt_nr_running) {
+ add_nr_running(rq, rt_rq->rt_nr_running);
+ rt_rq->rt_queued = 1;
+ }
/* Kick cpufreq (see the comment in kernel/sched/sched.h). */
cpufreq_update_util(rq, 0);
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 6601baf2361c..c7742dcc136c 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -334,9 +334,10 @@ struct cfs_bandwidth {
u64 runtime;
s64 hierarchical_quota;
u64 runtime_expires;
+ int expires_seq;
- int idle;
- int period_active;
+ short idle;
+ short period_active;
struct hrtimer period_timer;
struct hrtimer slack_timer;
struct list_head throttled_cfs_rq;
@@ -551,6 +552,7 @@ struct cfs_rq {
#ifdef CONFIG_CFS_BANDWIDTH
int runtime_enabled;
+ int expires_seq;
u64 runtime_expires;
s64 runtime_remaining;
@@ -609,6 +611,11 @@ struct rt_rq {
#endif
};
+static inline bool rt_rq_is_runnable(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+ return rt_rq->rt_queued && rt_rq->rt_nr_running;
+}
+
/* Deadline class' related fields in a runqueue */
struct dl_rq {
/* runqueue is an rbtree, ordered by deadline */